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[经济学人] [2010.03.13]Degrees of Pain

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发表于 2010-4-29 01:27 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
University fees
大学收费
Degrees of pain
学历的疼痛
Colleges nationwide are asking students to pay more for their education
Mar 11th 2010 | NEW YORK | From The Economist print edition
全国的大学都要求学生为教育多缴费


“NO ONE should go broke because they chose to go to college,” Barack Obama said in January in his state-of-the-union speech. But American college students worry they might, thanks to recent fee increases at technical colleges and universities. On March 4th students and disgruntled faculty staged protests at around 100 campuses in over 30 states, calling on state legislators and university administrators to put a halt to recent tuition hikes and funding cuts. In Oakland, California, student protesters marched onto a big highway and stopped the traffic. Elsewhere students carried coffins to symbolise the death of affordable education.
巴拉克.奥巴马总统1月在国家联盟演讲中说道,“不应该有人因为选择读大学而破产。”但是美国大学生担忧也许他们会这样,原因是最近技术学院和大学学费的增加。3月4日那天,学生与不满的教师在30多个州组织了约100场抗议活动,号召州立法者和大学行政官员停止近期的学费上涨和基金削减。在奥克兰和加州,学生抗议者长驱直入至一条大高速公路,阻断交通。在其他地方,学生还扛着棺木,以此象征可承受教育的死亡。

According to the Centre on Budget and Policy Priorities, a think-tank, at least 39 states have decreased their funding for public colleges and universities or increased their tuition charges. In California some public universities have increased fees by more than 30%. At the same time they are cutting back on their offerings. Many have tried to save money by laying off staff, closing academic departments and reducing the number of classes offered. Some are admitting more out-of-state students, who pay higher fees.
根据智囊团“预算和政策优先中心”, 至少39个州已经削减了公立学院和大学的基金,并增加了他们收取的学费。在加州,有的公立大学学费已经上涨了30%。同时他们在削减所提供的资助。很多大学试图通过解雇员工,关闭学术部门,减少开课数量来节约资金。有的则招入更多支付高额学费的外国学生。

Several institutions have also started to cut the number of students they enroll in order to save money. California State University (CSU), a public university system that has 23 campuses in California, will reduce enrolment by 20,000 students next academic year, because it has lost $564m, or around 20%, of its state funding.
一些机构也开始为了省钱而削减招入的学生数额。加州大学是一座在加州拥有23个校区的公立大学系统,它将在下一个学年招生时减少2万个名额,因为它已经失去了约20%的的国家基金,价值5.64亿美元。

It is not just public universities that are finding themselves in a tricky spot. Some of America’s richest private universities are increasing their charges, because their endowments have suffered steep losses. Yale recently announced that its fees will go up next year by nearly 5%, to $49,800, although it promised to spend around 10% more on financial aid for needy students.
现在不仅公立大学发觉自己在一个棘手的难关。由于资助蒙受了巨大的损失,一些美国最富裕的私立大学也在增加他们的收费。耶鲁大学宣布下一年的学费将上调5%左右,达到49800美元,尽管它承诺约10%的资金将用于对困难学生的财政资助。

These increases may signal a permanent shift in the cost of higher education, analysts say, which could dissuade poorer people from considering college. It is unlikely that fees will return to pre-recession levels once the economy recovers. “There is no law of gravity in higher education pricing,” reckons Kevin Carey of Education Sector, a think-tank. “What goes up never comes down.”
分析家认为,这些增加可能预示着高等教育成本的长久转变,致使贫困学生不再考虑大学。一旦经济复苏这些费用也不可能回到衰退前的水平。“在高等教育涨价中没有万有引力,”教育业智囊团的凯文.凯瑞如是说。“上去的就永远下不来。”
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发表于 2010-4-29 02:07 | 显示全部楼层
因为这里网速太差了,所以一直调整不了格式,只能这样发了。
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