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[经济学人] [2009.11.26] Sri Lanka: The power of the ballot 民主票选的力量

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发表于 2010-4-29 01:28 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Sri Lanka's Tamil minority
斯里兰卡泰米尔少数民族


The power of the ballot
民主票选的力量


Nov 26th 2009 | COLOMBO
From The Economist print edition


Suddenly, it matters what Tamils think
突然间,泰米尔族人的思考方式变得很重要

SHAKING the rain out of his hair, Ravi Chandran boarded a state-run bus for Jaffna in the north and looked around. It would leave Colombo soon, at 11.30pm, and he wanted to grab a good seat for what could be a 16-hour journey. Mr Chandran, a 27-year-old businessman in a rugby jersey and jeans, is among an estimated 3,500 commuters from Sri Lanka’s Tamil minority to have used the new bus service since the government eased travel restrictions earlier this month. Civilians taking public transport to Jaffna no longer need defence-ministry authorisation; just three copies of their national identity card will do.

甩掉头发上的雨水,拉维 •程德登上开往北方贾夫纳的公交车,四处张望着,公交车将于晚11:30离开科伦坡,他想为下面16个小时的旅程找到一个好座位。程德先生,这个穿着橄榄球运动衣和牛仔裤的生意人,是来自于斯里兰卡泰米尔少数民族区的大约3500个乘客中的一员,从本月政府放松了旅行限制令后开始使用新的巴士服务。市民们乘坐公共交通前往贾夫纳布再需要防务部的授权,只需要三份身份证复印件就行了。

Since the government’s victory in the long war with Tamil Tiger rebels in May, Tamils have chafed under travel and other restrictions. But an election looms, and President Mahinda Rajapaksa is lifting at least some of these. This week, he signed a proclamation authorising a presidential election in January. His main challenger is expected to be his former army commander, General Sarath Fonseka. So the loyalties of the Sinhalese majority will be split, and Tamil votes decisive.

自从五月份政府在于泰米尔猛虎组织的战争中获胜以来,泰米尔人愤怒的生活在各种限制政策之中。但选举来临,马欣达•拉贾帕卡萨总统正重新提及当中的一些话题。本周,他签署了一个声明授权于一月份的总统选举。他的主要竞争对手被指为他的前任军队指挥官,萨拉特•冯塞卡将军。所以僧伽罗民族的忠心将被分裂,泰米尔人会坚定的投下一票。

The government has already started courting them. On November 21st, after months of intense international pressure, the government announced that those displaced by the war will be free to move from December 1st, and that all of them will be resettled by the end of January. Of nearly 300,000 people interned in camps, almost half have already been ferried back to their war-shattered villages.

政府已经开始向他们示好。在11月21日,承受了几个月的来自国际的压力后,政府宣布那些由战争导致迁移的人民,将会从12月1日开始不受限制的返回,他们所有人会在一月底重新安置。大约有三十万被拘禁于帐篷中的人,当中有一半被送回他们战后的村庄

Like others clambering on the Jaffna bus this week, Mr Chandran was happy that mobility between the mainly Sinhalese south and the mostly Tamil north is increasing. But what should be a simple ten-hour trip home remains dogged by delays, checkpoints and intense security.

像本周其他爬上开往贾夫纳的汽车的人一样,程德先生对于连接南部僧伽罗和北部泰米尔的联系正在加强而感到高兴。但简单的十小时的回家的路在拖延的时间,检查的站点,密集的安全措施下变得更加可靠吗?

During a meeting with newspaper editors this week, Mr Rajapaksa presented his decision to go to the polls early as a sacrifice of two years of his term rather than as a shrewd move to capitalise on victory in the war. He said he wanted to allow voters in the north and east the chance to select a president. At the latest election in 2005, in which Mr Rajapaksa squeaked home by fewer than 200,000 votes, the Tigers ordered a boycott of the poll in Tamil areas.

在本周和报纸编辑的一次会晤中,拉贾帕卡萨先生表达了他决定尽早进行选举作为对他两届任期的一个献礼,好过将战争中的胜利作为其政治资本。他说他要允许北部和东部的选民都有机会去选举自己的总统。在最近一次2005年的选举中,拉贾帕卡萨先生以少于20万的选票在家乡败北,猛虎组织拒绝了在泰米尔地区的选举。

Still, Tamils are not likely to fall for Mr Rajapaksa’s claim, or for the small, calculated steps the government is taking to win their votes. Niranjan Ganeshathasan, a law student, agrees that Tamils will swing the vote in January but he would much rather see the repeal of draconian anti-terrorism legislation, an acceptable power-sharing arrangement, and a truth-and-reconciliation commission to investigate what happened in the last weeks of the war. Mr Rajapaksa, he insists, will have to try harder, merely to entice apathetic Tamils to vote at all.

泰米尔猛虎组织不想支持拉贾帕卡萨先生的声明,或政府为赢的选举精心策划的每一步。尼兰贾,一位法学院学生赞同泰米尔组织将会搅乱一月份的选举,但他宁愿看到废除残酷的反恐政策,一个可接受的权力分享组织,一个真相与和解委员会去调查战争的最后一个星期所发生的事情。拉贾帕卡萨先生坚持他会继续努力,为争取冷淡的泰米尔组织去投票
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发表于 2010-4-29 01:58 | 显示全部楼层
"两届任期的一个献礼"  ??
"在家乡败北"  ??
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发表于 2010-4-29 02:13 | 显示全部楼层
"搅乱一月份的选举"   左右一月份的选举
“he insists”  he 指 学生
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发表于 2010-4-29 02:28 | 显示全部楼层
thanx
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发表于 2010-4-29 02:43 | 显示全部楼层
斯里兰卡武装确实蛮有意思的  期待更美好的未来
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发表于 2010-4-29 02:58 | 显示全部楼层
其实我对我翻译内容的含义真的不太了解,这是不是翻译的大忌呢?
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