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16.Pay and benefits 薪酬与福利

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发表于 2011-6-26 19:14 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Base salary 基本工资
Celebration 庆祝活动,庆典
Compensation (美)工资,报酬
Confidential 保密的,机密的
Departure 离开,启程,出发
Discount (价格等的)折扣
Fitness center 健身中心
Fleeting 短暂的,飞逝的
Fringe benefit 附加福利;附带的好处
Impinge upon 影响,起作用
Inhibit 抑制,约束
Payroll budget 工资预算
Pay inequality 不公平薪酬
Payoff (一系列事件、行动等的)结果;报偿
Pool(人等的)具有相同需要的一群
Applicant pool 求职群体
Stick 长久保留
Sticky reward 粘性(具有持久影响的)奖励,粘性奖品
Thereby 因此,由此,从而
Translate 转化,转变

Employee Benefits
员工福利
Cater McMamara, MBA, PhD
卡特
麦克纳马拉(工商管理学博士)
Employee benefits typically refers to retirement plans, health life insurance, life insurance, disability insurance, vacation, employee stock ownership plans, etc.
员工福利通常指退休方案、健康保险、人寿保险、伤残保险、休假、员工持股计划等。
Benefits are increasingly expensive for businesses to provide to employees, so the range and options of benefits are changing rapidly to include, for example, flexible benefit plans.
对员工而言,为员工提供福利正日益昂贵,因此福利的范畴和选择日新月异,如灵活的福利方案等。
Benefits are forms of value, other than payment, that are provided to the employee in return for their contribution to the organization, that is, for doing their job.
福利不是工资,而是各种形式的回报,是公司对员工的贡献所做工作的回报。
Some benefits, such as unemployment and worker’s compensation, are federally required.(Worker’s compensation is really a worker’s right, rather than a benefit.)
有些福利,如失业和劳动补助是联邦政府规定的(劳动报酬事实上是劳动者的权利,而不是福利)。
Prominent examples of benefits are insurance (medical, life, dental, disability, unemployment and worker’s compensation), vacation pay, holiday pay, and maternity leave, contribution to retirement(pension pay). Profit sharing, stock options, and bonuses. (Some people would consider profit sharing, stock options and bonuses as forms of compensation.)
主要的福利有保险(医疗保险、人寿保险、牙科保险、伤残保险、失业保险和劳动补助)、休假薪酬、节日薪酬、产假、退休保障(养老金支付)、利润分享、股票期权和奖金(有些人认为利润分享、股票期权和奖金属于薪酬范围)。
You might think of benefits as being tangible or intangible.
福利可分为有形和无形的福利。
The benefits listed previously are tangible benefits.
上文列举的福利属于有形福利。

Intangible benefits are less direct, for example, appreciation from a boss, likelihood for promotion, nice office, etc.
无形福利不如有形福利直接,如老板的欣赏、今生的可能性、舒适的办公环境等。

People sometimes talk of fringe benefits, usually referring to tangible benefits, but sometimes meaning both kinds of benefits.
有时,人们还谈到附加福利,附加福利通常指有形福利,但有时指的是所有类型的而福利。
You might also think of benefits as company-paid and employee-paid.
福利还可分为公司支付和员工支付的福利。

While the company usually pays for most types of benefits(holiday pay, vacation pay, etc.), some benefits, such as medical insurance, are often paid, at least in part, by employees because of the high costs of medical insurance.
福利还可分为公司支付和员工支付的福利。虽然公司通常支付大部分类型的福利(如节日工资、休假工资等),但是有些福利,如医疗保险,由于保费高,通常由员工支付,至少支付部分保险费。
PART ONE: Interview
(1)
Will you accept pay inequity?(Why?/Why not?)
你能接受不公平薪酬吗?(为什么?)
No. If I am paid less than my colleagues for the same job value contributed, I will speak to my immediate supervisor about it and try to change the situation. If the situation is beyond my power, I will quit the job immediately, you know, I cannot stand inequality and unfairness.

(2)
Is flexible work hour important to you?(Why?/Why not?)
弹性工作时间对你重要吗?(为什么?)
Yes. With flexible work hour, I can vary my arrival and departure time. I can work from home and avoid traffic jam, and what’s more important is that I will have more personal time and improve my work efficiency.

(3)
Do you think that organization should keep the employee’s pay secret?(Why?/Why not?)
你认为公司得为员工的工资保密吗?(为什么?)
Yes, definitely. Income should be treated as something private and confidential. As far as I am concerned, I hate people prying into(窥探,探问) my privacy as family, marriage, age, income, etc. , so I don’t like my salary open to the public.

(4)
Do you think that taking paid holidays will improve employees’ effectiveness in work?(Why?/Why not ?)
你认为带薪休假会提高员工的工作效率吗?(为什么?)
Yes. A break helps people momentarily(暂时地) forget the monotony(单调) and stress of work. After having had a paid holiday, people will be physically and psychologically relaxed, and be energetic, fresh and more prepared for the challenge of their work.

PART TWO: Mini-presentation
What’s important when…?
Deciding base salary
制定基本工资/工资水准,需要考虑哪些要点:
l
Salary level of comparable companies
同行业的工资水平
l
Availability of local workforce
劳动力的供给情况
l



When deciding base salary, comparison with other companies is important, since that involves the issue of external pay equity. If your starting salary is lower than other enterprises in your area, it will be difficult to attract a sufficient number of job applicants to staffing requirements, or it will appear unfair for your employees and will ultimately result in high turnover. If your rates of pay are higher, then it will create a large applicant pool and your organization may choose to raise selection standards and hire better-qualified employees, thus in turn reducing training costs and turnover. Comparison with other companies is just in search of competitive advantage.
Besides, availability of local workforce also exerts great influence on the base salary. The linkage of pay levels to labor markets serves to attract or retain valuable employees. If there is a short of local workforce, in order to attract or keep qualified employees to stay, you’ll have no choice but to raise your pay rate, otherwise you will lose in the talents battle.
In addition, company finance and compensation policy should also be taken into consideration, since a company’s payroll budget depends on the company finance. It’s essential to keep labor costs at an acceptable level. And other supplemental compensations also help to enhance motivation, growth and competitiveness.

当指定基本工资的时候,与其他公司做比较是非常重要的,因为那涉及到外部薪酬平等的问题。如果你公司制定的基本工资比同地区其他公司低的话,那么吸引足够的员工来满足公司职位的需要将变得非常困难。对本公司员工也是不公平的最终结果是高人员流失率。如果你的工资比其他公司高,那么将会有大量候选人涌入,公司可以选择去提高对候选人的标准,雇佣更合格的员工,将会有减少培训成本和员工流失率。与其他公司相比旨在寻找有竞争力的优势。
此外,当地劳动力的供给状况也在很大程度上影响了基本工资。薪酬水平与劳动力力市场的服务挂钩以此来吸引和保留有价值的员工。如果劳动力市场匮乏,为了吸引和保留合格的员工,公司别无选择只能提高薪酬,否则,将会在人才战中失利。
除此之外,也应该考虑到公司的财政状况和福利政策,因为公司的工资预算依赖于公司的财政状况。保持劳动力成本在一个可接受的水平也是很重要的。而且其他的补充的福利也有助于加强激励,增长和竞争力。

PART THREE: Discussion
Company Gifts to Employees
Your company will soon be celebrating the 25th anniversary and has decided to spend a sum of money on something that will benefit the staff. You have been asked to make recommendations about how to use the money. Discuss the situation together, and decide:
l
what are the advantages and disadvantages of cash gift
l
what other ways the money could be used to celebrate the event, while still benefiting the staff
给员工发放礼品
你们所在公司将举办25周年庆典,并决定拨款作为员工的庆典福利。现在公司向你们征求意见,如何花费这笔钱?讨论并决定:
l
直接发钱有何利弊
l
除了直接发钱之外,有没有其他更好的方式,既达到庆贺的目的,又让员工受益

A:Good news! Our company will soon be celebrating the 25th anniversary and has decided to spend a sum of money on something that will benefit the staff. What do you expect to have?
B: Cash gift, of course. You see, cash gift is simple and convenient to the employer. To the staff, they can make flexible use of the money. Different people’s needs, concerns and interests are different and various. With cash, the staff can buy something they need and like indeed. Cash gift is to the advantage of employees. What do you think of this?
A: Though cash gift has some advantage, I don’t think it’s a good idea to offer employees cash gift only. You see, benefits should also provide advantage for the employees and do not necessarily have staying power, inspire action, or automatically translate to improved work performance. Instead, I’d suggest sticky rewards.
B: Sticky rewards? What do you mean by sticky rewards?
A: Hmm. That means gifts that can stick in the minds of recipients, such as a trip, special gift, paid holiday and so on. Sticky gifts not only reward the employees, but at the same time benefit givers.
B: That sounds nice and interesting. Sticky gifts are surely more memorable and can thereby provide a long-term payoff for the company and employees.
A: Precisely, an all-expense-paid trip for an employee and his/her spouse to Paris, for instance, is likely to be a unique experience, and more impressive than a cash gift, and helps attract and retain quality employees.
B: Or we may offer physical health check-up for the staff, memberships or discounts on membership fees at health clubs and fitness centers, since staff’s health is of mutual benefits to the employer and the employee.
A: Yes, they are all wonderful suggestions.

A:好消息!我们公司不久将会庆祝25周年纪念并决定花钱给员工发一些福利。你对此有何期望?
B:当然是现金礼物。你知道现金作为礼物对员工来说简单而且方便。对员工来说,他们可以灵活运动金钱。不同的人所关切和感兴趣的方面各式各样有所不同。员工可以用现金购买他们实际需要和喜欢的东西。现金作为礼物对员工是有益处的。对此你是怎么人为的呢?
A:虽然现金礼物有一些有点,但我不认为只为员工提供现金礼物是一个好主意。你知道,提供现金作为礼物有利于员工但没有深远的影响。激励行为或者自觉地改善工作成绩,因此我建议用粘性奖品来替代现金奖品。
B:粘性奖品?你的粘性奖品指什么呢?
A:嗯,是指那种能深入人心留下印象的礼物,比如一场旅行、特别的礼物、有薪休假等等。粘性礼物不止是对员工的奖励,同时也是一种福利。
B:听起来很棒很有趣。粘性礼物确实更有纪念意义因此为公司和员工提供长期的回报。
A:确实是这样,例如,为员工和其配偶提供巴黎旅行的全部费用,将成为一个独一无二的经验,这样比现金礼物更为印象深刻,并且有助于吸引和保留高素质的员工。
B:或者也可以为员工提供健康体检,让其成为健康俱乐部或健身中心的会员或者会员费折扣价,因为员工的健康是公司和员工的共同利益。
A:
是的,这些事不错的建议。
(1)
Do you think formal company celebrations are good thing?(Why?/Why not?)
你觉得公司庆典大张旗鼓有必要吗?(为什么?)
Yes. Formal company celebrations can be an opportunity to promote company image and a chance to boost the morale of the staff.

(2)
Do you think it is beneficial to take part in social events with colleagues?(Why?/Why not?)
你觉得与员工共同参与社交活动有益处吗?(为什么?)
Yes. Attending social events with colleagues can help employee understand one another, improve relationship, and even enhance team work.

(3)
How important is it to consider company finance when organizing social activities for staff?
公司组织员工参与社交活动时,考虑公司财政有多重要?
The costs of social activities should be planned and set aside according to company budget. The total expense shouldn’t be a financial burden for the company and shouldn’t affect the normal producing activities.

(4)
What are the advantages for companies to organize social activities for staff?
公司组织员工参加社交活动有何益处?
Organizing social activities for staff, such as sports, can not only improve the health of staff, but also encourage employee loyalty and devotion.

(5)
Is it a good idea to use company anniversary celebrations as a marketing tool?
将公司庆典作为一种市场营销手段是个好主意吗?(为什么?)
Yes. Through celebrations, companies can publicize their products, service and image by gift-giving, or discount-offering.




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发表于 2011-6-26 23:41 | 显示全部楼层
找到组织了~
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-6-27 18:20 | 显示全部楼层
Don’t leave it too late
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-6-27 19:04 | 显示全部楼层
alltheway 发表于 2011-6-26 23:41
找到组织了~

还是老师捧场啊,感动感动~~
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-6-28 18:33 | 显示全部楼层
新东方商务词汇第三轮~~
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-6-29 19:08 | 显示全部楼层
Let all your things have their places and let each part of your business have its time
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-7-4 18:55 | 显示全部楼层
Product Promotion
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-7-5 20:19 | 显示全部楼层
Advertising 广告
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 楼主| 发表于 2011-7-11 19:32 | 显示全部楼层
Marketing Channels 营销渠道
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