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[经济学人] [2011.10.22] Cambridge gets a new chancellor 剑桥有了新校长

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发表于 2011-10-26 17:18 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Cambridge gets a new chancellor
剑桥有了新校长


Chancing it
碰运气


An unexpected election brings a predictable result
一场意外的竞选,结果却是意料之中



This doesn’t happen often
这可不常发生

TOURISTS clogging the King’s Parade in the historic heart of Cambridge often seem let down by the absence of begowned scholars (students these days tend to wear T-shirts and trainers). Not so on October 15th, when a merry crowd of dons and alumni queued up in robes to cast their votes for a new chancellor of Cambridge University, much to the glee of camera-wielding onlookers.

位于剑桥历史悠久的中心地区的国王巡游街上游客如织,他们似乎时常对很少看见穿短礼服的学者流露出些许失望(如今的学生常穿的是T-恤和便鞋)。十月十五日那天可不一样了,当见到一群身穿礼服的欢快的教师和校友在列队等候投票选举一个新校长时,手中挥舞相机的游客更是兴奋。

Chancellors at Cambridge tend to be elected unopposed and serve until they step down or die. So it came as a surprise when the candidate nominated by the university, Lord Sainsbury of Turville (of the supermarket-chain family), was opposed by Abdul Arain, a local shopkeeper campaigning against a planned Sainsbury’s on the multi-ethnic Mill Road. The rules require only that prospective candidates get 50 signatures from members of the senate, which is composed of university staff and those with a master’s degree or higher (in effect, any Cambridge alumnus, since the university gives master’s degrees to all graduates).

剑桥的校长往往是自动当选,而且会一直工作到退休或是去世。所以,当由学校提名的候选人——来自超市连锁企业的特维尔勋爵塞恩斯伯里受到阿卜杜勒-阿伦挑战时,着实使人吃惊;阿伦是本地的一家商店老板,他是由于反对塞恩斯伯里家族在多种族聚居的磨坊路开设连锁店的计划而参加竞选校长的。按规定预备候选人要得到五十名校理事会的签名,而校理事会是由学校员工和那些拥有硕士学及以上学位的校友组成(实际上就是剑桥每一位校友,因为剑桥大学给人所有毕业生的学位都是硕士。)。

The Duke of Edinburgh, who took up the position in 1976, vacated the seat earlier this year citing old age, and in so doing set off the first proper election since 1847, when Prince Albert fought off a challenge from the Earl of Powis. In 1950 a contest between Lord Tedder and Jawaharlal Nehru, then prime minister of India, was a non-event after Nehru made it clear he was too busy building a country to accept even if elected.

爱丁堡公爵在一九七六年接任校长位子,在今年初由于年龄原因离职,这样的情况下展开了自一八四七年阿尔伯特亲王战胜挑战者博伊斯伯爵以来的第一次真正的选举。在一九五零年泰德勋爵和当时的印度总理的尼赫鲁那次竞争,在尼赫鲁说明由于自己忙于国事——即使选中也不会同意就任而作罢。

Few expected Mr Arain to make much of a difference to Lord Sainsbury’s chances, but his candidature reminded others that the result didn’t have to be a foregone conclusion. A few days after Mr Arain’s announcement in May, three graduates nominated Brian Blessed, a Shakespearean actor best known for his role as Prince Vultan in the 1980 film “Flash Gordon”, gathering the 50 names over the course of a single weekend. He accepted the nomination with great enthusiasm: YouTube videos on his campaign website show him expressing his love of learning and his desire to “devour your bloody library”. Dissenting Cambridge fellows nominated their own candidate, Michael Mansfield, a senior lawyer.

少有人期望阿伦对塞恩斯伯里勋爵的机会造成很很大的影响,但是他的候选人资格提醒了其他人,未来选举的结果还未成定局。在五月阿伦宣布参选后几天,三位毕业生提名布莱恩-布莱斯德——一位莎士比亚剧演员,他最为人熟知的角色是在一九八零年的电影“闪电戈登”里扮演乌尔坦王子,他在一个周末的时间里征得了五十个签名。他怀有极大热情地接受这个提名:在他竞选网站连接的发布在YouTube网上的视频里,他说自己热爱学习,渴望“吞下整个图书馆”。持异议的剑桥人员提名了自己的候选人,资深律师迈克尔-曼斯菲尔德。

In the event Lord Sainsbury, whose business and political connections mean he is well qualified to act as the university’s figurehead, carried the day with 52% of the 5,558 votes cast, obviating the need for a second round of counting under the rules of the single transferable vote. Mr Blessed made a respectable showing with a quarter of the vote, and just 312 people picked Mr Arain as their first choice. Mr Blessed’s campaign managers suggest that perhaps people took his desire to devour all the books in the library a touch too seriously.

结果塞恩斯伯里勋爵在当天得到了5558张选票里的52%,避免了采用单一可转移票制的第二轮计票的需要,以其在商界和政界的人脉,他可以胜任大学校长一职。布莱斯德表现不俗,得到四分之一的选票;仅有312个人首选了阿伦。布莱斯德的选举管理表示,也许人们拿他希望泡在图书馆里的话有些当真了。
from the print edition | Britain
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发表于 2011-10-27 23:41 | 显示全部楼层
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