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BBC新闻重点讲解:奥巴马呼吁非洲停止暴政

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发表于 2009-7-15 09:41 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


BBC News with Marian Marshall.
On his first official visit to sub-Saharan Africa, President Obama has called on Africans to stand up for their democratic rights. After spending the day in Ghana, the American president praised the country for its free elections and free press which sent a positive message across the continent. Our correspondent in Accra, Will Ross sent this report.
Barack Obama talked of a turning point for the continent and called for an end to tyranny in Africa.
"You can conquer disease and end conflicts and make change from the bottom up, you can do that, yes, you can."
Barack Obama made it clear that if Africa wanted to be treated fairly on the international stage, it had to get its own house in order. With better democracy, he said America would then be a partner to help develop the continent. The speech was warmly welcomed here. But the question is whether some of Africa’s leaders who are firmly entrenched in power will pay any attention to it at all.
In Kenya, Mr. Obama's father's homeland, the Prime Minister Raila Odinga said Africa had a lot to learn from Mr. Obama and the Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf said that he had thrown down a challenge to African leaders.
"I think each African leader, myself included, would be charged to rise for the challenge as to what is good governance and that means, vibrant civil society as he said, the freedom of our press, accountabilities, transparency, honesty, fighting corruption, the rule of law.... "
The British Prime Minister Gordon Brown has defended his government's strategy in Afghanistan following mounting British casualties in anti-Taliban operations there. Mr. Brown said the last few days had been extraordinarily difficult but insisted the troops were improving security for the population in Helmand province ahead of elections in August. A spokesman for the British army in Helmand, Lieutenant Colonel Nick Richardson said the army had an important job to do there.
"We sadly have suffered some fatalities .War is not without risk but by taking a battle with the Taliban by defeating their return, we are helping bring about security here in Afghanistan, helping improve the day to day life to Afghan people and also most importantly, helping prevent the export of terrorism to the streets of the United Kingdom and elsewhere.
The Red Cross in the Philippines says an Italian member of staff who had been held hostage by Muslim rebels for nearly six months has been freed .Eugenio Vagni arrived at an army base on the southern island of Holo with a local politician who had mediated with the kidnappers. Mr. Vagni was taken hostage by rebels from the Abu Sayyaf group during a visit to a prison on the island.
Security Officials in Iraq say at least two people were killed and more than ten wounded when two bombs exploded in Baghdad. The attacks, one targeting a billiards hall happened after nightfall in the district of Karada. Earlier on Saturday, near the Northern city of Mosul, four people were killed and at least 40 wounded by a car bomb.
World News from the BBC.
Hundreds of ultra-Orthodox Jews have clashed with police in Jerusalem. In the third week of protests against the opening of a car park during the Jewish Sabbath. Some protesters threw stones and broke through barricades to obstruct the car park entrance. Many ultra-Orthodox - or Haredi - Jews fear the car park would bring tourists into the area, encouraging shops to open on the Sabbath. This would contravene their strict interpretation of religious rules.
Representatives of rebel groups from Darfur held talks in Cairo to try to open peace negotiations between them and the Sudanese government. From there ,/ reports.
The leader of the United Resistance Front joined heads of the Sudan Liberation Army factions for this meeting. It came just a week after officials from Sudan's most active rebel group, the Justice and Quality Movement came to Cairo for talks and as the Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak prepares to host the Sudanese president who is wanted by the International Criminal Court for alleged war crimes in Darfur. After discussions with the rebel movements, the Egyptian Foreign Minister, Ahmed Aboul Gheit said that as a neighbor to Sudan, his country had a strategic interest in helping to secure peace in Darfur.
The deposed president of Honduras Manuel Zelaya has said the interim government that ousted him must face legal sanctions. Speaking in the Dominican Republic, he gave no sign that he’d softened his position following US-backed mediation efforts last week and promised new efforts to return to power in Honduras. Mediators in Costa Rica say talks will resume shortly. Mr. Zelaya’s left-wing backers in Latin-America have criticized attempts of dialogue.
The American Space Agency NASA has delayed the launch of the Shuttle Endeavour while it tries to find out what damage was done by 11 lightening strikes around the launch pad at Cape Canaveral. The shuttle had been due to take off on a 2-week mission to the International Space Station.
BBC News.

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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-15 09:41 | 显示全部楼层
在对撒哈兰以南非洲的第一次正式访问中,奥巴马总统呼吁非洲人民为了自己的民主权利而奋斗。在迦纳逗留一天之后,美国总统称赞了该国的自由选举和媒体自由,这向整个非洲传达了积极的信息。我们驻阿克拉的记者Will Ross发回的报道。
巴拉克·奥巴马指出非洲的转折点,并要求非洲停止暴政。
“你可以征服疾病,终止冲突,可以从下到上的作出改变,你能做到,是的,你能做到。”
奥巴马总统表明,如果非洲想在国际舞台上受到平等的待遇,必须重整内部秩序。他说,如果非洲更加民主,美国将帮助他们发展整个大洲。
这番讲话受到了热烈欢迎。但是问题是,热衷权利的某些非洲领导人是否会对注意到。
在奥巴马父亲的故乡肯尼亚,总理奥廷加称,非洲有很多方面需要向奥巴马学习。黎巴嫩总统苏莱曼称,奥巴马向非洲各国领袖提出了挑战。
“我认为每一个非洲领袖,包括我自己在内,都必须站起来迎接挑战,比如什么是好的统治,这意味着像他说的民主社会,新闻自由,责任,透明,诚信,打击腐败,法律准则……”
在对抗阿富汗塔利班分子的行动中,英国军队伤亡人数不断增加。英国首相戈登·布朗为政府在阿富汗的策略辩护。他说,最后的一段日子形势确实非常困难,但是他坚持说,英国军队正努力为Helmand 省的民众改善八月份的选举之前的安全形势。驻Helmand 省军队发言人Lieutenant Colonel Nick Richardson称,英国军队在阿富汗的工作非常重要。
“很不幸,我们有一些伤亡。战争是有危险的,但是通过与塔利班的战争,通过打击他们的回归,我们可以帮助改善阿富汗的安全形势,帮助改善阿富汗人民的日常生活,最重要的是,防止恐怖主义进入英国和其他地区。”
菲律宾红十字会称,被穆斯林反叛分子劫持了接近六个月的意大利员工已被释放。一名当地政治家与绑架分子进行了斡旋,后与Eugenio Vagni一起抵达南部Holo岛的军事基地。Eugenio Vagni在参观岛上的监狱时被阿布萨耶夫组织的反叛分子绑架。
伊拉克安全官员称,巴格达发生两起爆炸事件,已造成至少两人死亡,十多人受伤。其中一起夜幕降临后发生在Karada区的台球厅。周六早,北部城市摩苏尔附近发生汽车爆炸事件,四人死亡,至少四十人受伤。
BBC世界新闻。
在耶路撒冷,数百名极端正统(ultra-Orthodox)犹太教徒与警察发生冲突。抗议在犹太安息日期间开设停车场的抗议活动已进入第三周,一些抗议者扔石块,穿越路障来阻塞停车场入口。许多极端正统犹太教徒担心停车场会为开地区带来旅游者,鼓励商店在安息日开放。这将违反他们严格的宗教规则。
来自达尔富尔的反叛组织代表在开罗进行会谈,试图与苏丹政府进行和平谈判。
统一反抗战线领导与苏丹解放军小派系领导一起参加了这个会议。会议一周之前,苏丹最猖獗的反叛组织政治平等运动来到开罗进行会谈,埃及总统穆巴拉克准备招待因战争罪被国际刑事法庭通缉的苏丹总统。在于反叛组织进行讨论之后,埃及外交部长艾哈迈德·阿布·盖特表示,作为苏丹的邻国,埃及帮助取得达尔富尔地区的安全有着战略意义。
洪都拉斯被驱逐总统塞拉亚称,推翻他的临时政府必须面临法律制裁。塞拉亚在多米尼加共和国发表讲话,经过上周美国试图调停的努力之后没有表现出任何软化立场的迹象,并承诺将继续努力争取夺回洪都拉斯政权。哥斯达黎加调停者称,会谈很快就会恢复。塞拉亚在拉丁美洲的左翼支持者批评了试图对话的举动。
美国国家航空和航天管理局推迟奋力号航天飞机的发射,试图找出在卡纳维拉尔角的发射台经历了11次闪电袭击之后飞机遭受哪些损害。奋力号航天飞机原本计划进行为期两周的国际太空站的任务。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-15 09:42 | 显示全部楼层
1.tyranny n.专制, 暴政
例句:He finally left home in an effort to counter the tyranny of arranged marriage in the old society.
      他弃家出走,是对旧社会婚姻压迫的反动。
2.conquer vt.克服, 征服, 战胜
例句:No difficulties can shake their resolve to conquer nature.
      环境再艰苦也动摇不了他们征服自然的决心。
3.defend v.防护, 辩护, 防卫
例句:He was even prepared to die in order to defend the honor of his family.
      他誓死捍卫家族的荣誉。
4.transparency n.透明, 透明度, 透过性, 透明物, 清晰
例句:Generally speaking , previous parliamentary policy debates ignored the relevance of transparency.
      总的来说,以前议会中针对政策的辩论忽视了透明度的重要性。
5.extraordinarily ad.非凡, 破例, 特别, 非常, 离奇, 使人惊奇, 惊人, 特命, 特派
例句:The sea was extraordinarily calm that morning.
      那天清晨,大海出奇地宁静。  
6.mediate v.斡旋, 调停
例句:Someone must mediate between the husband and wife.
      必须有人去尽力在这对夫妻之间进行调解。
7.nightfall n.傍晚, 黄昏, 日暮
例句:We won't be able to travel any distance before nightfall.
      黄昏前我们不可能多走路了。
8.contravene v.违反, 触犯, 否认, 反驳, 抵触, 与...冲突
例句:No law or administrative or local rules and regulations shall contravene the constitution.
      一切法律、行政法规和地方性法规都不得同宪法相抵触。
9.secure v.固定, 获得, 保证, 使安全, 掩护, 招致
例句:We need to secure our investment principal.
      我们需要保证投资资金的安全。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-15 09:42 | 显示全部楼层
1.You can conquer disease and end conflicts and make change from the bottom up, you can do that, yes, you can.
from the bottom up从下到上
例句:The job will have to be done all over again from the bottom up.
      这件工作还得从头重新做。
2.Barack Obama made it clear that if Africa wanted to be treated fairly on the international stage, it had to get its own house in order.
make it clear表明,讲明
例句:We have make it clear that agriculture is the foundation of the national economy.
      我们已经讲明农业是国民经济的基础。
in order整齐, 状况良好, 适宜
例句:Everything is in order.
      一切都准备好了。
3.I think each African leader, myself included, would be charged to rise for the challenge as to what is good governance and that means,……
as to关于, 至于
例句:We quarreled over the question as to who invented acupuncture.
      我们在是谁发明了针灸的问题上,意见不合。
4.Some protesters threw stones and broke through barricades to obstruct the car park entrance.
break through突围, 突破
例句:You should be resolute enough to break through these regulations and restrictions.
      你做事情要敢于冲破这些条条杠杠。
5. The shuttle had been due to take off on a 2-week mission to the International Space Station.
due to应该
例句:The plane is due to arrive at 12.15.
       飞机预定12点15分抵达。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-15 09:42 | 显示全部楼层
1.But the question is whether some of Africa’s leaders who are firmly entrenched in power will pay any attention to it at all.
参考翻译:但是问题是,热衷权利的某些非洲领导人是否会对注意到。
结构分析:这句话的主语和谓语是But the question is,后面是whether引导的表语从句。who are firmly entrenched in power是定语从句,修饰leaders。
2.A spokesman for the British army in Helmand, Lieutenant Colonel Nick Richardson said the army had an important job to do there.
参考翻译:驻Helmand 省军队发言人Lieutenant Colonel Nick Richardson称,英国军队在阿富汗的工作非常重要。
结构分析:to do是不定式做后置定语,修饰job。例如:The next train to arrive was from NewYork.下一列到站的火车是从纽约开来的。
I have nothing to say on this question.在这个问题上,我没有什么话要说。
We are looking for somewhere to live.我们正在找一个地方住。
某些动词或形容词后可接不定式时,它相应的同根名词也常用不定式做定语。
如:He made an attempt to learn English well.他试图学好英语。(attempt to do sth)
His ability to get on with people is his chief advantage.他能和人相处是他的主要优势。(be able to do sth)
I don't trust his promise to come for a visit.我不相信他来访的诺言。(promise to do sth)
3. Speaking in the Dominican Republic, he gave no sign that he’d softened his position following US-backed mediation efforts last week and promised new efforts to return to power in Honduras.
参考翻译:塞拉亚在多米尼加共和国发表讲话,经过上周美国试图调停的努力之后没有表现出任何软化立场的迹象,并承诺将继续努力争取夺回洪都拉斯政权。
结构分析:这句话的主干是 he gave no sign and promised……Speaking in the Dominican Republic是现在分词短语做状语。that he’d softened……是同位语从句,修饰sign。
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