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[阅读] VOA慢速讲解:关注武装冲突中女性遭遇的暴力

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发表于 2009-10-24 15:27 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Targeting Violence Against Women in Armed Conflicts
This is IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English.
On September twenty-eighth, security forces attacked unarmed pro-democracy demonstrators in Conakry, the capital of Guinea. Protesters were shot, beaten and stabbed. Human rights groups and witnesses say at least one hundred fifty-seven people were killed, a number disputed by the military government. But in addition to the killings, human rights groups say a similar number of female protesters were raped.
Sexual violence against women and girls has been widespread in Africa. But rape has been used as a weapon of war in the Balkans, Burma and Sri Lanka. The World Health Organization says one in three women around the world will experience some form of violence in their lifetime.
NTAMITONDE, RAPE VICTIM (TRANSLATED): "I feel pain in my heart. I cannot go back because of what they did to me. Three people raped me in front of my son."
Rebels in the Democratic Republic of Congo attacked this woman, took her clothes and burned her house. In August, American Secretary of State Hillary Clinton promised more than seventeen million dollars to fight sexual violence in the D.R.C. But human rights groups say the United States must do more to help protect women and girls in developing countries.
They want Congress to pass a measure called the International Violence Against Women Act. It would finance a five-year program to pay for health care and other services for victims. It would also provide training for local police in preventing violence against women.
The legislation was first proposed in two thousand seven by Joe Biden, then a senator, now the vice president. A group of lawmakers say they plan to propose it again soon.
This week, actress and United Nations goodwill ambassador Nicole Kidman spoke at a hearing in Congress.
NICOLE KIDMAN: "Violence against women is not prosecuted because it is not a top government and urgent social priority. We can change this."
On September thirtieth, the United Nations Security Council approved a third resolution against sexual violence in armed conflicts. Secretary Clinton chaired the meeting, held on the last day of the United States' month-long presidency of the council. She said the new resolution aims to give the United Nations and its members new tools to prevent violence and punish those responsible.
Among other things, it calls on the secretary-general to appoint a special representative to lead efforts to end sexual violence. The council also promised to consider information about such violence when establishing or renewing targeted sanctions in armed conflicts.
Also last month, the United Nations agreed to combine four agencies and offices into a single, stronger agency to work on women's issues. They will be combined under the U.N. Development Fund for Women, or UNIFEM. Widney Brown, senior director for policy at the human rights group Amnesty International, praised the move.
WIDNEY BROWN: "We have a central place in the U.N. where we can hopefully have the sort of political power and financial clout to actually have a real impact on women's lives in all the countries where the U.N. works."
And that's IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English, available on the Web with transcripts and podcasts at 51voa.com. I'm Steve Ember.
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-10-24 15:27 | 显示全部楼层
这里是VOA特别英语IN THE NEWS节目。
9月28日,安全力量在几内亚首都科纳克里袭击了手无寸铁的支持民主示威者。抗议者被射击,殴打和刺伤。人权组织和目击者称,至少157人死亡。该数字与军方政府提供的数字存在争议。但是除了被杀害者之外,人群组织表示,同样数量的女性抗议者被强奸。
在非洲,对妇女和女孩的性暴力状况非常普遍。但是在巴尔干半岛,缅甸和斯里兰卡,强奸成为战争的武器。世界卫生组织称,全世界有三分之一到女性一生中会经历某种形式的暴力。
NTAMITONDE, RAPE VICTIM:“我心里感到非常痛苦。因为他们的所作所为,我不能回家。三个人当着我儿子的面强奸了我。”
刚果民主人民共和国的反叛分子袭击了这名妇女,拿走了她的衣服,烧了她的房子。8月份,美国国务卿希拉里·克林顿承诺捐赠1700多万美元,打击刚果的性暴力活动。但是人权组织称,美国应该采取更多措施保护发展中国家的妇女和女孩。
他们希望国会通过《国际妇女暴力防治法》,将为一个为期五年的项目提供资金,为受害者提供医疗和其他方面的服务。还将为当地警察防止女性遭受暴力提供训练。
该立法在2007年首次由当时的参议员,现在的副总统乔·拜登提议。一些立法者称,他们计划再次提议。
本周,女演员和联合国亲善大使Nicole Kidman在国会听证会上发表讲话。
Nicole Kidman:“针对女性的暴力没有受到起诉,因为这不是政府和社会首要的紧急任务。但是我们可以改变这一点。”
9月30日,联合国安理会通过了反对武装冲突中性暴力活动的第三个解决方案。希拉里主持会议,这是美国为期一个月的安理会主席一职的最后一天。希拉里说,新的解决方案旨在为联合国及其成员国提供新的工具,防止暴力,惩罚责任人。
在其他方面,会议要求秘书长委任一名特别代表,负责终止性暴力事件的努力。安理会还承诺在建立或恢复武装冲突中制裁时考虑与暴力有关的信息。
同样是在上个月,联合国同意见四个结构和办公室整合为单一的,更加强大的机构,处理女性问题。该机构将隶属于联合国女性发展基金,或者UNIFEM。人权组织国际特赦组织高级政策主任Widney Brown对此举表示赞扬。
Widney Brown:“我们在联合国有一个中心,使我们有望获得政治权利和经济实力,真正对联合国所有国家女性的生活产生影响。”
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-10-24 15:28 | 显示全部楼层
1.widespread a.广布的,普及的,流传宽广的
例句:The epidemic was held in check by widespread vaccination.
       这种传染病靠广泛的预防注射已受到控制.
       Famine caused widespread distress.
       饥荒引起了普遍的忧虑。
2.finance vt.供资金给,为…筹措资金
例句:The scheme is partly financed by a government grant.
      此计划有一部分是政府资助的。
      The money will go to finance a new community centre.
      这些钱将用采资助一个新社区中心。
3.propose vt.计划,打算,建议,向…提议,求(婚)
例句:I propose Mr Smith for chairman.
       我提议史密斯任主席。
      He proposed a toast to both the bride and bridegroom.
      他提议为新娘和新郎干杯。
4.goodwill n.友好,亲善
例句:He attended the meeting as a goodwill messenger.
      他作为友好使者出席了会议。
5.priority n.优先权,优先顺序,优先
例句:Debenture holder have priority over ordinary shareholder.
      公司债券持有人有优先于普遍股东的权利。
6.combine vt.使结合,使联合;兼有,兼备;使化合
例句:It would be more profitable to combine the two factories.
       把这两家工厂联合起来更能赚钱。
      The two small shops combined to make a large one.
      这两个小店合并起来成为一个大商店。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-10-24 15:29 | 显示全部楼层
1.But in addition to the killings, human rights groups say a similar number of female protesters were raped.
in addition to.除...之外
例句:Dr. Jones emphasizes exercise in addition to a change in diet..
      约翰医生强调不仅要改变饮食还要锻炼身体。
      In addition, Ethernet technology continues to advance.
      此外,以太网技术也在继续前进。
2.We have a central place in the U.N. where we can hopefully have the sort of political power and financial clout to actually have a real impact on women's lives in all the countries where the U.N. works."
have an impact on对…有影响
例句:This will have an impact on how the investor divides his money among different countries and stocks.
      这将影响投资者把资金分配于不同市场和股票的决定。
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