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[阅读] BBC新闻讲解:印度面临减排压力(2009-12-06)

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发表于 2009-12-6 21:47 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
BBC News with Mike Cooper.
Within the next few hours, President Obama is due to announce hisnew strategy for the war in Afghanistan including a date for thebeginning of the withdrawal of US troops. Officials say that hislong-awaited address will include a plan to start pulling out Americanforces. Paul Adams reports.
Senior administration officials say the president will announce thedeployment of 30,000 additional American troops in what they arecalling a surge for a defined period of time. The aim, to reverseTaliban gains and give Afghan security forces time and space to developtheir own capability. The significant proportion of the new troops willbe committed entirely to training. Officials say the transfer ofsecurity responsibility to the Afghans will start in July, 2011,allowing US forces to start leaving. But the president will not say howlong this process will take. The pace will, officials say, bedetermined by conditions on the ground.
International observers have warned of serious problems inpreparations for Sudan’s first national election since 1986. The CarterCenter, which monitors polls around the world, said millions ofpotential voters could be disenfranchised because of failings in theregistration process. James Copnall has more details.
The non-governmental organization says in many states less than halfof eligible voters are likely to register even though the registrationperiod has been extended by a week. Registration rates are particularlylow in semi-autonomous southern Sudan and in Darfur, both areas whichhave traditionally opposed the central government. A low intensitycivil war continues in Darfur and several rebel groups have urgedpeople not to register.
Celebrations have been taking place in Portugal to mark the cominginto force of the Lisbon Treaty, eight years after the task ofreforming the European Union was begun. EU leaders gathered for aceremony with fireworks, music and speeches close to where the documentwas signed. The treaty is intended to streamline decision-making andgive the EU a stronger voice in world affairs.
The Israeli Foreign Ministry has urged the European Union not torecognize East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state.The ministry said the move would harm Europe’s role as a mediator inthe Arab-Israeli conflict. It was responding to an Israeli newspaperreport, saying it had obtained a draft EU document containing theproposal. The Palestinian Legislative Council member, MustafaBarghouti, said he was encouraged by the plan, but wanted to see morepressure on Israel to stop building settlements.
"We think that a European resolution that confirms that EastJerusalem is the capital of the Palestinian state would be veryencouraging and very productive in pushing for real peace in thisregion. But we think that this would not be completed unless there isserious European pressure on Israel to immediately stop and freeze allthe settlement activities especially in East Jerusalem."
World News from the BBC.
The head of the United Nations panel of climate experts, RajendraPachauri, says India is under enormous pressure to offer a plan toreduce its emissions of carbon dioxide following recent commitments bythe United States and China to do so. Speaking in Delhi, Mr. Pachaurisaid India should use the climate change conference starting next weekin Copenhagen to look at its long term future by shifting to renewableenergy from its dependence on fossil fuels; however, he ruled out anyemission cuts by India because they would harm its economic development.
A South African judge says he will decide on Friday whether atraditional ritual in which Zulu youths kill a bull with their barehands can proceed. The Zulu traditionalists led by King GoodwillZwelithini argue it’s part of their culture. But animal rightsactivists say it’s cruel. Our African editor Martin Plaut reports.
Judge Nic van der Reyden has the tricky task of deciding on thisissue which cuts across competing South African traditions. Many Zulus,led by King Goodwill Zwelithini, argue it’s vital to their culture andthe judge was sympathetic, suggesting the ritual be videoed, so thepublic could judge. But lawyers for the king turned this down. So onFriday, the judge will have to rule. It’s not the only subject worryinganimal rights groups. They oppose plans to slaughter cattle in eachstadium before the 2010 World Cup.
The world’s most famous golfer, Tiger Woods, is to be fined andreceive a citation for careless driving following the mysterious carcrash in which he was injured last week. But he will not face anycriminal charges over the incident in which Mr. Woods drove his carinto a fire hydrant and a tree close to his home. The police statementshed no further light on the events leading up to the crash, whichsparked a frenzy of media speculation throughout the United States andbeyond. Tiger Woods admitted on Sunday that the crash was his fault andsaid it had been embarrassing for his family.
BBC News.
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-12-6 21:48 | 显示全部楼层
在接下来的几个小时之内,奥巴马总统将宣布阿富汗战争新策略,包括美军开始从阿富汗撤军的日期。相关官员表示,等待已久的奥巴马的讲话将包括美军开始从阿富汗撤退的计划。Paul Adams报道。
政府高级官员表示,总统将宣布在特定的时期内向阿富汗增军3万人,目的是打击塔利班的势头,为阿富汗安全力量赢得时间和空间来发展自己的能力。新增军队的相当大一部分将全部用于训练任务。官员表示,安全责任向阿富汗过度的过程将由2011年7月份开始,届时美军将开始撤退。但是总统不会确定这个过程所需的具体时间。官员表示,该过程的速度将由战场形势决定。
国际观察员表示,苏丹自1986年以来的首次全国选举的准备工作面临严重问题。监督世界各地选举工作的卡特中心(The Carter Center)称,由于未进行注册过程,数百万潜在的投票者将被剥夺权利。James Copnall报道更多细节信息。
该非政府组织称,在许多州,尽管注册期延长了一周时间,仍然只有不到一半的合法投票者有可能注册。在半自治的南苏丹和达尔富尔地区,注册率特别低。这两个地区从传统上都反对中央政府。达尔富尔地区低强度的内战仍在继续进行,几个反叛组织威胁人们不要注册。
葡萄牙举行活动庆祝里斯本条约生效,此时距离欧盟开始改革已经八年的时间。文件签署之日屈指可数,欧盟领导人齐聚一堂,燃放烟花,播放音乐,并发表讲话。该条约的目的在于使欧盟的决策过程更加流畅,并使欧盟在世界事务中拥有更大的话语权。
以色列外交部长敦促欧盟不要认可东耶路撒冷作为未来的巴勒斯坦国的首都。这位外交部长表示,此举会损害欧洲作为阿拉伯-以色列冲突调停人的作用。此前以色列报纸报道称已获得欧盟文件草案,其中包括该提议。巴勒斯坦立法委员会成员MustafaBarghouti表示,他备受该计划鼓舞,但是希望给以色列施加更多压力,使其停止定居点的建设。
“我们认为欧洲出台决议确认东耶路撒冷作为巴勒斯坦国的首都是非常鼓舞人心的,在推动该地区的真正和平方面拥有非常重要的作用。但是我们认为,除非欧洲向以色列施加压力,要求其立即停止和冻结定居点的活动,尤其是在东耶路撒冷地区的活动,否则永远不可能获得真正的和平。”
BBC世界新闻。
联合国气候变化专家小组负责人RajendraPachauri称,最近美国和中国相继承诺减少二氧化碳排放量,印度面临巨大压力。在德黑兰发表讲话时,Pachauri表示,印度将利用下周在哥本哈根开始的气候变化会议来审查自己的长期策略,从对石化燃料的依赖转向可再生能源。然而,他排除了印度减少排放量的可能性,因为这会损害印度的经济发展。
南非一名法官称,周五将决定祖鲁年轻人徒手打死公牛的传统规则是否可以继续。国王Goodwill Zwelithini为首的传统主义者辩称这是他们文化的一部分。但是动物权益保护者称该行为太残酷。我们的非洲编辑Martin Plaut报道。
Nic van der Reyden法官面临是否取消南非传统的艰巨任务。国王GoodwillZwelithini领导的许多祖鲁人认为,这项活动对他们的文化来说至关重要。法官非常富有同情心,他建议将该活动录制下来,交由公众判断。但是国王的律师团拒绝这样做。所以,周五,法官必须做出裁决。不仅仅是这件事使动物保护主义者担忧。他们还反对在2010年世界杯之前在每一个体育场宰牛的计划。
世界最著名的高尔夫球手老虎·伍兹上周神秘撞车受伤,他将因疏忽驾驶被罚款并收到法院传票。但是他不会面临任何刑事指控。当时,伍兹在家外驾车撞上消防栓,后来撞到一棵大树。警方发表的声明未披露任何导致撞车的事件,这引发了美国及国外一些媒体的猜测。周日,老虎·伍兹承认撞车是他的错,使他的家人蒙羞。
BBC新闻。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-12-6 21:48 | 显示全部楼层
1.reverse v.推翻, 取消
例句:The appeal court reversed the original verdict and set the prisoner free.
       上诉法庭撤销了原判, 把那个犯人释放了。
2.significant adj.重要的, 重大的, 可观的
例句:This is a significant contribution to knowledge.
      这是对知识的重大贡献。
      Your success today may be significant for your whole future.
      你今天的成功对你的整个未来可能是重要的。
3.disenfranchise vt.剥夺…的选举权,剥夺…的公民权,终止…的特许权
例句:White supremacists devise new methods to disenfranchise Negroes.
      白人至上论者想出新的方法以剥夺黑人的公民权。
4.eligible  adj.有资格当选的, 有条件被选中的
例句:He is an eligible young man.
      他是一个合格的年轻人。
      Only native-born citizens are eligible for the U.S. Presidency.
      只有本国出生的公民才有资格担任美国总统的职务。
5.streamline vt.使成流线型,使合理化
例句:He aim to streamline the office.
      他的目标是提高办公室的工作效率。
6.productive adj.富有成效的; 有益的
例句:We had a productive meeting that solved some problems.
      我们开了一个富有成效的会议, 解决了一些问题。
7.tricky adj.(形势、工作等)复杂的, 棘手的
例句:I’m in a rather tricky position;can you help me out?
      我的处境很棘手, 你能帮我吗?
8.sympathetic  adj.表示同情的
例句:He is a sympathetic person.
      他是一个有同情心的人。
      She was very sympathetic when my mother died.
      她对我母亲的去世深表同情。
9.mysterious adj.诡秘的
例句:His action was very mysterious.
      他的行动十分神秘。
      He was very mysterious in his manner.
      他的行为举止十分神秘。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-12-6 21:48 | 显示全部楼层
1.Within the next few hours, President Obamais due to announce his new strategy for the war in Afghanistanincluding a date for the beginning of the withdrawal of US troops.
is due to应该,计划
例句:He is due to speak tonight.
       他预定今晚演说。
2.Officials say that his long-awaited address will include a plan to start pulling out American forces.
pull out退出
例句:The invading troops are pulling out of the occupied area under international supervision.
      入侵部队正在国际监督下撤出占领区。
3.Celebrations have been taking place inPortugal to mark the coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty, eightyears after the task of reforming the European Union was begun.
come into force开始生效
例句:The new law comes into force from the day of its promulgation.
      新法律自公布之日起生效。
4.however, he ruled out any emission cuts by India because they would harm its economic development.
rule out宣布…不可能; 排除…的可能性
例句:The regulations rule out anyone under the age of eighteen.
      按规定, 18岁以下的人都不能参加。
      A sudden storm ruled out the boat race.
      突如其来的暴风雨使划船比赛无法进行。
5.The police statement shed no further lighton the events leading up to the crash, which sparked a frenzy of mediaspeculation throughout the United States and beyond.
shed light on照亮,查明,说明,解释
例句:This information may shed light on me mystery.
       这项情报可能有助于查明那件疑案。
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