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[词汇资料] 大学英语短语大全(中英文释义+例句)

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发表于 2009-7-20 13:41 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
E-I-APhraseTranslationSample Sentence or Explanation
Ebe about to 即将I am
about to learn Japanese. 不能加表示时间的词或短语.但be going to 后可加
Iaccording to 按照,根据According to the radio, it will rain tomorrow.He came according to his promise.
Eby accident偶然by chance
: I made a grammer mistake by accident.
Ain accordance with一致;按照;根据I sold the house in accordance with your orders.
Eaccount for解释,说明How do you account for all these mistakes ?
Ion account of因为,由于because of : Li Ping was late for class this morning on account of the traffic.
Iaccustomed to 习惯于1.The boy soon became accustomed to hard work and poor food.
2.I am accustomed to this sort of work
Itake ... into account考虑You must take into account the boy's long illness.
Iin addition to除...之外A new baby is an addition to the family.
in addition=另外
Iadd up to合计达All this adds up to a new concept (概念)of the universe.
Iin advance事先,在前,预先We always pay the rent in advance.
Again/have an advantage胜过,优于This system will have an advantage over that one.
Itake advantage of乘...之机,利用to make use of, e.g. by deceiving someone.
advantage over : 优于
Iahead of在...前面,先于Our company is ahead of other makers of soap.
Ain the air在流行中,在传播中 
Eabove all首先,尤其 
Eafter all毕竟,虽然这样 
Eat all完全I do not agree with you at all.
Aall but决不It's all but impossible.
Aall out全力以赴,竭尽全力We went all out to climb the mountain.
Iin all总共,合计 
Iallow for考虑到You'll have to allow three days for thatjob.to provide (esp. money or time)
Ileave alone听其自然,不要去管Leave that alone: it's mine.
Ilet alone听其自然,不要去管
更不用说
1.Let him alone: he is doing no harm. 2. The baby cannot even walk, let alone run.
Eone after another一个接一个 
Eone another互相We made comments on one another's work.
Iapprove
of
赞成,同意I can
hardly approve of it.
Ianything but根本不The little bridge is anything but safe.
I will do anything but that .
Earrive at到达After many hours' talk, the committee arrived at a decision.
Ias for至于You can have a bed, but as for the children, they'll have to sleep on the floor.
Eas if / as though好像,仿佛 
Ias to至于1.He's very concerned as to whether it's the right job for him. 2. correctly placed as to size and color
Iaside from除...之外(尚有)=apart from
Good work, apart from a few slight faults.
Iask after询问,问候He ask after you / your health.
Eask for请求,要求 
Iattached to系,,连接;附属;依恋1.I was attached to the naval college as a special instructor for six months. 2. I am very attached to that car.
Epay attention to注意You must pay attention to the teacher.
Aon (the/an) average平均,一般说来On average we receive five letters each day.
Eright away立刻,马上Do it right away!
Iback and forth来回地,反复地The chair rocked back and forth.
Aback down/off放弃,让步,退却I saw that she was right, so I had to back down.
Aback of在...后部,...背后 
I.Aback up支持,援助;
A.
倒退,后退
The policeman wouldn't have believed me if you hadn't backed me up.
Ibased on以...为基础His argument is based on facts.
Ion the basis of以...为基础Society rested on the basis of the family.
Eto begin with首先,第一点=in the first place:We can't go.To begin with, it's too cold.Besides, we've no money
Ion behalf of代表,为了The president is ill, so I'm speaking on his behalf.
Imake believe假装The children are making believe that they're princes and princesses.
Iat best / at the best最好,充其量At best the company will lose money this year-at worst it may have to close down.
Iget the best of 战胜;从中得到最大益处They got the best of the other team at last.
Emake the best of充分利用,妥善处理to make the best of a bad job; He will make the best of the situation.
Edo/ try
one's best
尽力,努力We must try our best to overcome the difficulty.
Afor the better好转,向好的方向发展a change for the better= a change with good results
Iget the better of胜过,战胜,..中占上风to get the better of one's opponents
Ehad better最好还是,应该ought to, should
Ion board在船(飞机)They got on board the train.
Ibe bound to必定,一定It's bound to rain soon.
Ebreak away (from)脱离,逃跑The criminal broke away from the policemen who were holding him.
Ibreak down损坏;分解,瓦解1.They break the door down. 2. His opposition broke down. 3. The car broke down. 4. Peter broke down and wept when his mother died. 5. Chemicals in the body break our food down into useful substances.
E.Ibreak in1强行进入,闯入;
2
I .
打断,插嘴
1.He broke in and stole my money. 2.She broke in with some ideas of her own.
3. to break new shoes in
Ibreak into1.闯入; 2.突然发生,突然开始;3突然改变步法 4侵占;5.打开并提取紧急之物1.to break into a house 2. to break into song/ laugh/ tears 3.break into a run 4.Social
duties break into my time/leisure.5.to break into money one has saved.
Ibreak off中断,中止1.Those two countries have broken off relations. 2. He broke off a branch.
3. A branch broke off (the tree).
Ebreak out1.2.突然发生,爆发;3.逃跑1.War broke out. 2.She broke out in curses(大怒). 3=escape:to break out of prison
Ibreak through1.突破;2.克服,征服,压倒1.The sun break through (the clouds).
2. The doctors broke through in their fight again heart disease.
Ibreak up1.破碎,拆散,瓦解;2.终止;3.婚姻关系结束;4身体衰弱,变弱;1. The ice will break up when the warm weather comes. 2. The police broke up the fight. 3. Their marriage broke up. 4. He may break up under all this pressure.(他累垮了)
Acatch one's breath1. 歇口气; 2.屏息
He sat down to catch his breath.
Iout of breath喘不过气来
上气不接下气
He ran so fast that he was soon out of breath.
Ain brief简单地说,简而言之In brief he says "No".
He is brief of speech.
Ibring about导致,带来,招致cause to happen: Science has brought about many changes in our lives.
Abring down打倒,降低The pilot brought the plane down gently.
Abring forth提出What suggestions do you expect them to bring forth?
Abring forward提出,提议1.The director brought forward a new plan for the company. 2. The election will be brought forward to June instead of July.
I.Abring out1.使出现/显明;2阐释,文明; 3A公布,出版;4.帮助消除害羞心理或沉默寡言态度1.to bring out a new kind of soap.2.break out the meaning of a poem. 3. When are the publishers bring ing out his new book? 4.=help to lose shyness or reserve: Bill is very quiet; try to bring him out
Abring to使恢复知觉They brought the girl to with smelling salts.
They brought her to.
Ibring up抚养,培养1.to bring up children 2. to bring up the question of your holidays
Ebuild up建立to build up one's strength
Ain bulk大批,大量to buy in bulk
Iburn out烧掉1.The building was burnt out and only the walls remained. 2. That small fire can be left to burn (itself) out. 3. The engine has/is burnt out.
Iburn up烧尽1.to flame more brightly or strongly 2. All the wood has been burnt up.
Aon business因公,因事I'm here on business, not for pleasure.
Abut for除...之外,
倘没有,要不是
But for her, I would have drowned.
Eby and by不久以后,将来 
Ecall for邀约,要求,需要1.to call for the waiter. 2.Your unkind remark was not called for.3. I'll call for you at nine o'clock.
 call forth1.引起,招致;
2.
鼓起,振作起
1.His behaviour called forth numerous protests(抗议).
2.You will have to call forth all your energy.
Icall off取消1.The football match was called off because of the snow.2.Call off your dog;it tried to bite me !
E.Acall on/upon1访问,拜访2A号召,呼吁1.We can call on Mary tomorrow. 2. The Prime Minister called on everyone to work hard for national unity.
I.Acall up
1A使人想起
;2.I召集,动员;
3
打电话
1.=recall 2. He was called up in 1917. 3. I'll call you up this evening.
Icare
(nothing) about
关心/...漠不关心 
Ecare for照管,关心;A.喜欢,意欲1.He is very good at caring for sick animals.2. I don't really care for tea, I like coffee better.
Etake care当心,注意=be careful
Take care (that) you don't get drowned when you have a swim.
Etake care of照顾,照料;Take care of the baby when I'm out.
Icarry off拿走,夺走1.She carried off her part in the plan with no difficulty. 2. Jean carried off all the prizes.
E.Icarry on继续,坚持下去;I从事,经营We'll carry on (with) our discussion tomorrow.
Ecarry out执行,贯彻to carry out a plan
Iin any case无论如何,总之In any case, you'll need to be at station by nine.
Iin case假如,以防万一She took a spoonful and tasted it carefully in case it was hot.
Iin case of假如,如果发生;防备In case of fire, ring the alarm bell.
Iin no case无论如何不,决不In no case shall we surrender(投降).
Icatch on1.受欢迎,流行起来;
2
理解,明白
1.The new song caught on really quickly. 2. He's always the last to catch on.
Ecatch up with追上,赶上Will we catch up with Japan in industrial production?
Acatch at 设法抓住
 
Icave in 下陷,坍陷 
Iper cent百分之...Five per cent got full marks.
Iby chance偶然,碰巧It happened quite by chance.
Atake a chance冒险一试The rope might break but that's a chance I'll have to take.
Iin charge (of)负责,主管I'm in charge of your class tomorrow so you must do as I tell you.
Itake charge of开始管理,接管She took charge of the family business when her father died.


[ 本帖最后由 xwd3210 于 2009-7-20 13:46 编辑 ]
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大学英语短语大全

Iin no case无论如何不,决不In no case shall we surrender(投降).
Icatch on1.受欢迎,流行起来;
2
理解,明白
1.The new song caught on really quickly. 2. He's always the last to catch on.
Ecatch up with追上,赶上Will we catch up with Japan in industrial production?
Acatch at 设法抓住
 
Icave in 下陷,坍陷 
Iper cent百分之...Five per cent got full marks.
Iby chance偶然,碰巧It happened quite by chance.
Atake a chance冒险一试The rope might break but that's a chance I'll have to take.
Iin charge (of)负责,主管I'm in charge of your class tomorrow so you must do as I tell you.
Itake charge of开始管理,接管She took charge of the family business when her father died.
Icheck
in
办理登记手续You must check in at the airport an hour before your plane leaves.
I.Acheck
out
1.结帐后离开;
2.3A
检验,核查
1.The last guests checked out of their rooms in the afternoon; 2 to check out his theory;3. How does his story check out with the facts?
Acheck up/(up)on校对,检验,检查The police were checking up on what the man had told them.
Icheer up高兴起来,振作起来Cheer up! The news isn't too bad.
Iclear away把...清除掉,收拾The rubbish must be cleared away.
I.Aclear up1.I.解释,澄清
2A.
整理,收拾;3天气变晴
1.to clear up the mystery 2. Would you clear up (this room) before our visitors arrive? 3. I hope the weather clears up before Sunday.
Aaround/round the clock昼夜不断地,连续24小时地We worked around the clock to finish the job.
Icome off1.落,分开 ;
2.
成功;发生,举行
1.A button came off my coat. 2. The wedding came off as planned.
E.Acome on1A.开始,来临; 2.进步,进展;3.,来吧1.I can feel a cold coming on. 2. How is your work coming on/along?
Icome out1.3出现,显露;2出版,发表;
4.
结果是
The stars came out as soon as it was dark.2.The news came out that king was very ill. 3. Mary always came out very well in pictures.
Icome round / around1.苏醒,复原;
2.
顺便来访;
3.
再现,再来,再临; 4.走弯路,绕道而行
1.=to regain consciousness:Pour a jug of water on his face-je'll soon come round. 2.He'll come round to our way of thinking sooner or later. 3.It's coming round to Christmas again. 4.We came round by the fields as we didn't want to go through the woods.
Acome through经历,
经历..仍活着, 脱险
1. Have your examination results come through yet? 2. John was so ill he was lucky to come through (his operation).
Acome to苏醒,复苏;
共计,达到,等于
1. It has come to my notice that some money is missing. 2. When it comes to politics I know nothing. 3. Suddenly the words of the song came to me.
Ecome true实现,达到 
Icome up1.2出现;
3
走上前来
Your question come up at the meeting. 2. I'll let you know if anything comes up.
3. He came up and said, "pleased to see you."
Icome up to等于,比得上,达到,及于Your recent work hasn't come up to your usual high standards.
Icome up with提出,提供He couldn't come up with the answer.
Acome up again遇到,遭到 
Ein common共用,共有John and I have nothing in common.
Ikeep company with与,,,交往,,,,结伴Don't keep company with dishonest persons.
Icompare...to ..把...比作Poets have compared sleep to death.
Man's life is often compared to a candle.
Iby comparison
in comparison with
比较起来,相形之下
...比起来
By/in comparison with London, Paris is small.
Iso far as ... be concerned就...而言As far as I'm concerned, the whole idea is crazy(荒唐的).
Ebe concerned in/ with与...有关He was concerned in the crime.
Iin conclusion最后,总之In conclusion, I've enjoyed staying here.
Ion condition that在...条件下I'll come on condition that John is invited too.
Iin connection with / to与...有联系In connection with your request of March 18th we are sorry to tell you...
Ain consequence因此,结果We hadn't enough money to pay our bus fare, and in consequence we had to walk.
Ain consequence of由于,因为...缘故
In consequence of your laziness and rudeness,I had to dissmiss you.
Iin contrast with / to和...形成对比/对照In contrast with/to your belief that we shall fail, I know we shall succeed.
Eon the contrary相反,反之He is not stupid, on the contrary , he is very intelligent.
Aout of control失去控制The car went out of control and crashed.
Aunder control被控制住It took the teacher months to bring his class under control.
Ial all costs不惜任何代价,无论如何We must avoid war, at all costs.
Iat the cost of以...为代价She saved him from the fire, but at the cost of her own life.
Icount on依靠,指望1. You can't count on the weather being fine. 2. I didn't count on John arriving so early.
Icount up算出...的总数,共计Count these figures up once more.
Eof course自然,当然,无疑 
Ain the course of在...过程中The enemy should be defeated in the course of the year.
Acover up掩饰,掩盖She tried to cover up her nervousness / her guilt by lying.
Across out删去,取消I crossed out the mistakes in my sentence.
Acut across走捷径,抄近路,对直通过1.=to take a shorter way across 2. a new group of MP that cuts across party lines.
Icut back消减,减少,降低1=prune 2. We oppose any plans to cut back (on) production.
Icut down消减,减少1. to cut down a tree 2. I have to cut down (on)smoking.
I.Acut in
1A插嘴
,打断;2I超车抢挡
1=to interrupt 2. You nearly caused a crash by cutting in (on me) like that !
I.Acut off1I.切掉,剪去,删去;
2
打断,停止
3.4.A.
阴隔,隔绝
1. Cut off a piece of cheese, will you? 2. We were cut off in the middle of our telephone conversation. 3. If you marry that girl I'll cut you off without a penny.
4. Mary felt cut off from her friends when we moved.
Acut out割去,删去1.She cut the advertisement out of the newspaper. 2. The rain and wind have cut out a deep valley. 3. I must cut out smoking. 4. Every time I got my car started the engine cut out.
Acut short打断(讲话),中断(活动) 
Iin danger在危险中,垂危He is in danger of losing job.
Iout of danger脱离危险She had been very sick, but now she was out of danger.
Iout of date过时的,陈旧的,不用的My passport(护照) is out of date.
Aup to date现代化的She wears a new dress that is right up to date.
E.Ia good /
reatdeal
E.许多,大量
I...
得多
 
Ideal with1.与...交易; 2处理;
3.
论述,涉及
1. I've dealt with this person for 20 years.2. How do you deal with the problem? 3.This new book deals with the troubles in Ireland.
Ain debt欠债,欠情I'm heavily in debt at the moment but hope to be out of debt when I get paid.
Itake (a) delight in以...为乐=delight in : He takes delight in annoying me.
Aderive from从...中得到,...而来,
源出于..
1.He derives a lot of pleasure from meeting new people. 2.The word "deride" derives from Latin.
Iin detail详细地We'll talk about the plan in more detail later.
Adie down渐渐消失,平息The fire is dying down.
Adie out消失,灭绝The practice of children working in factories has nearly died out.
Amake a/the difference有影响,很重要Flowers make a lot of difference to a room.
Iin difficulties处境困难He is in difficulty with his school work.
Ido away with废除,消灭,去掉We should do away with those customs.
Ido without没有...也行, 将就I haven't enough money to buy a car, so I just have to do without (one).
Ehave something / nothing to do with和...()/ 毫无关系Their job has something to do with computers.
Enext door隔壁的,在隔壁My brother lives next door (to us).
Eout of doors在户外=outdoors
: It 's rather warm out of doors.
Adouble up弯腰,...折起来They all doubled up (with laughter) when I told my joke.
Ino doubt无疑,必定,很可能No doubt she means to help, but in fact she just gets in the way.
Adraw in(火车,汽车)到达,到站The bus drew in to let the cars pass.
Adraw up1.写出,画出,草拟;
2.(
使)停住
1.to draw up a plan/contract 2.The car drew up (at the gate) and three men got out.
Idress up穿上盛装,
打扮得漂漂亮亮
1. 2. He dressed the facts up to make them more interesting.
Idrop by / in顺便来访,非正式访问Drop in when you are next in London.
drop in on sb
Edue to 由于Her success is entirely due to hard work.
I.Adrop off1.减少,下降;2.入睡;
3.
下车;4...放下
Interest in the game has dropped off.
Adrop out退出,退学,弃权,放弃He dropped out of college after only two weeks.
Ion / off duty下班/值班,当班When I'm off duty I play tennis.
Adwell on凝思,详述Don't dwell so much on your past.
Acarry/bring/put into effect实行,生效The plans will soon be carried into effect
Acome/go into effect实行,实施The new tax regulations came into effect last week.
Iin effect1.生效;
2.
实际上,事实上
1.The rules will remain in effect until October. 2.Although he is her employer, she has, in effect, full control.
Atake effect生效,奏效,起作用=to come into operation;start to have results
Ior else否则He must pay $100 or else go to prison.
Iin the end最后,终于=at last
Ion end 连续地two hours on end
Eenjoy oneself过得快乐Did you enjoy yourself of the party?
Ain essence本质上,实质上,精华=essentially
Eeven if / even though即使,纵然Even if we win the game, we should not be conceited.
Eeven now/ then到这/那时,虽然情况如此Even then he would not admit his mistake.
Iat all events无论如何,在任何情况下I hope to go tomorrow, at all events , I shall go before Sunday.
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-20 13:43 | 显示全部楼层

大学英语短语大全(中英文释义+例句)

Ain any event/case无论如何I'll probably see you tomorrow, but in any event 'll telephone.
Ain the event of如果..发生,万一In the event of rain, the party will be held indoors.
Ain excess of多余,超过Never spend in excess of your income;Changchun
has a population in excess of one million.
Icatch one's eye引人注目You really catch my eye.
Ikeep an eye on注意,监视,留意,照看 
Iface to face面对面地I've often talked to him on the telephone,but I've never met him face to face.
Iface up to大胆面向to face up to one's responsibilities
Iin the face of1.在前面;
2.
不顾,即使
1.=in opposition to;
2=in spite of
Imake a face做鬼脸 
Iin fact 实际上,事实上He doesn't mind. In fact,he's very pleased.
Ematter of fact实际情况,真相 
Efall behind落后to fall behind with one's work
Ifall back on求助于,转而依靠Even if he is not successful as a singer,he
has his training as a teacher to fall back on
Afall in with+sb/sth1.偶遇;2. 同意1.=happen to meet; 2=agree to : He fell in with my views at once.
Afall out吵架,失和Jean and Paul have fallen out with each other again.
Ifall through落空,失败The plan felt through.
Eas far as
/ so far as
到...程度; 远至 
Iby far....得多by far the smallest/heaviest
Efar from决不,与非=rather than; instead of
Iso far1.到目前为此; 2. 至某一指明地点1.=until now : So far we have learned five lessons.
2.=up to a certain point
Afind fault埋怨,挑剔,找毛病She's always finding fault with the way I do things.
I.Ain favor of赞成,支持;
A
有利于
Are you in favor of worker's control of companies?
Afeed in输入,() 
Ifeed on 靠吃...维持生命The horse feeds on grass.
Abe fed up with对...感到厌烦I am fed up with your empty promises.
Ifeel like想要Do you feel like a coffee?feel like doing sth
Ifigure out 算出,估计,推测 
Efind out发现,查明,找出 
Eat first最初,首先 
Aflare up突然烧起来,突然发怒 
Acatch fire着火,烧着The pile of papers caught fire.
Aset fire to使燃烧,点燃Someone must have set fire to it/ set it on fire.
Ion fire起火,着火The house is on fire!
Iin force大批地The police were out in force to stop any trouble.
Acome/go into force开始生效 
Iand so forth等等=and so on
Eset free释放He opened the cage door and set the birds free.
Imake friends交朋友,友好相处He made a lot of friends in China
Abe friends with对...友好,...交上朋友 
Imake fun of 取笑,嘲弄It is wrong to make fun of the disabled.
Iin (the) future将来,未来"the" immutable when used in giving a warning
Iget across解释清楚,(使)被了解Our teacher is clever, but not very good at getting his ideas across.
Iget along/on with1.进展;
2.
继续干;
3.
...友好相处
1.
2=go on well 3. have a friendly relationship (with..)
A get around/round 1.=be able to move again after illness 2. =travel 3. =spread
Aget around/round to找时间做,开始考虑After a long delay, he got around to writing the letter.
Iget at够得着,触及;
意指,意思是
1.Put the food where the food can't get at it. 2.What are you getting at?
3. Stop getting at me!
Eget away逃脱,离开1. The thieves got away .2.How did he get away with cheating?
Iget by通过,过得去,过活1.She can't get by with so little money. 2. Your work will get by, but try to improve it.
Aget down1.咽下;2写下;..下来1.Try to get the medicine down. 2.Get down every word he says. 3. This continual wet weather is getting me down.
Aget down to开始,着手to get down to work / business
Iget in1.到达,进站;2.进入;参加;收回;插入()1.The plane got in late.2.=come in(4) 3.Get the doctor in 4.May I get a word in?
Iget into对..发生兴趣;卷入;(使)进入1.They got into the car and drove off. 2. I've got (myself) into trouble. 3.I'll soon get into the way of things.
Eget off1.动身,开始;2.离开,下车3.逃脱惩罚1. When do you get off (work)? 2.Get off (the bus) at the hospital.
Iget out of逃脱,改掉1.He tried to get out of helping me.2.to get out of a bad habit 3. The police got the truth out of him. 4.I can't understand why people smoke. What do they get out of it?
Iget over克服困难,解决问题,(,失望.震惊)中恢复过来1.You'll be glad to get your operation over (with). 2.to get over an illness
Iget the better of占上风,胜过 
Iget through1.2接通电话;3.完成;4.通过(如考试);花光金钱等,克服困难,解决问题1.I tried to telephone you, but I couldn't get through. 2.I can't get (it) through to him that he must rest. 3.When you get through with your work,let's go out. 4.to get through an examination.
Eget together
(with
sb)
集会,聚会When can we get together?
Eget up1,起床,起立;2.振作,奋发;
3.
到达; 4.专心于
1.What time do you normally get up? 2.get up steam 3. What page have you got up to? 4.The children are very quiet; I wonder what they're getting up to.
E.Igive away1.赠送,捐献
2.
出买,泄露,暴露
1.She gave all her money to the poor. 2. Mary was given away by her father.
3.He tried to pretend that he wasn't worried, but his shaking hands gave him away.
Igive back送还,恢复1.Give me back my pen. 2. Give me my pen back.
Egive in1.认输,让步,屈服;
2.
交上,呈上
1.The boys fought until one gave in. 2.Give your examination papers in (to the teacher) when you've finished.
Igive off发出,放出to give off steam
Agive oneself away泄露,露马脚 
Agive oneself up自首,投案,投降He gave himself up (to the police).
Igive out1.分发;
2.
1.Give out the examination papers. 2.His strength gave out.
Egive up停止,放弃,辞去1.to give up one's studies 2.Give your seat up to the old lady.
Agive way to让位于,...代替;
...让路,...让步
 
Igo after追逐,追求to go after a job / girl/ prize
Igo ahead前进,领先,开始Work is still going ahead on the new bridge.
Igo along with赞同,支持We'll go along with you/your suggestion.
Ago around/round流传,足够分配1.There are a lot of colds going around. 2.Why do you go around with such strange people?3If there are not enough chairs to go around,some people will have to stand
Ago back on违背=to break or not keep(one's promise,agreement,etc.)
Igo by1.经过
2.
依照,遵守
1.A car went by. 2.to go by the rules
Igo down下降,减少;
被接受,受欢迎
1.The floods are going down. 2.Three ships went down in the storm. 3.My ankle has gone down. 4.He/his speech went down well (with the crowds). 5.This day will go down in history.
Ago for选择;袭击;适用于1.=go at 2.=go after 3.I don't go for men of this type. 4. I find this report badly done, and this goes for all the other work done in this office.
Igo in for从事,致力于,追求,沉迷于1.Several people went in for the race. 2.I don't go in for sports.
Igo into1.叙述;2.研究,调查;3从事;
4(
,时间,精力等)被用于

1.Let's not go into details.2.to go into town
  1A,响起,爆炸;
2
变质,变坏;
1.=explode,be fired;The alarm went off when the thieves got in.
2.=lose good quality, deteriorate; The milk has gone off.
I.Ago off3表演等进行良好;4.(睡眠或晕倒时)失去知觉; 5.下降
6.(
尤指)带走,拐带(某人或某物)
3. The party went off very well.
4. Has the baby gone off yet? 5.The heating goes off at night.
6.=go away with . He's gone off with my car!
E.Igo on1.I发生进行;
2. E
继续,保持;
3.
过去;
1.=happen,take place,be in progress: What's going on here?2.=continue:Go on with your work.3.=pass. As the day went on,it became hotter.
  4.
5.责骂
,埋怨,挑剔;
6.
接受(作为证据)
4.The light went on at six o'clock;5.=rail,nag,scold: He's always going on at his wife. 6.=take or accept ,eg as evidence: All the police had to go on was a torn letter.
I.Ago out1外出;2.经常陪伴某人,与异性交往; 3.离开而去;4.熄灭
1.She's gone out for a work. 2.They've gone out together for 2 years. 3.=leave:My friends went out to Africa. 4.There was a power cut and all the lights went out.
I.Ago out5.结束;
6.
过时,不再流行;
7A.
参加社会活动
5.=end: The year went out gloomily(悲惨地). 6.=become unfashionable:Short skirts went out some time ago.
7.attend...:
She still goes out a great deal,even at seventy-five.
Igo over1.浏览,2复习;
3
仔细察看,检查,审查
1.We went over the list of names and chose two.
2.=review:Let's go over this chapter. 3.=examine the details of : We must go over the accounts carefully before we settle them.
Igo through1.经历,遭受;
2.
被通过被批准;
3.
审查,搜查
1=undergo,suffer: The country has gone/been through too many wars.
2.=get through, be passed or approved: The Bill did not go through.
3.=search: The police went through the pockets of the suspected thief.
Ago under下沉,破产After he got into debt, his business went under.
I.Ago up1.上升,增长;
2.
被建立;
3.
被炸毁,被烧毁
1.=rise:Prices have gone up again. 2.=be erected: How many houses have gone up this year? 3.=be blown up, be destroyed by explosion or fire:
The whole house went up in flames.
Igo with1.与...调和,...一致
2.
陪同前往
1.Mary's blue dress goes with her eyes.
2.=accompany: Happiness doesn't necessarily go with money.
Ago without不享受,缺乏,没有..也行,没有..而将就对付1.I'm afraid there's no coffee, so we'll have to just go without (it).
2.go without saying :不用说,不待言: It goes without saying that she's a good cook.
Ifor good永久地,一劳永逸地=for ever :permanently,finally:
We will be here for good.
Igood for有效的,适用,胜任,.. 
Aon guard值班,站岗,警惕,防范There are soldiers on guard to prevent anyone getting in or out.
Iin half成两半Cut the apple in half.
I.Aat handI.近在手边,在附近;
A
即将到来
Election day is at hand. Christmas is at hand.
Eby hand用手,用体力It was written by hand.
Ihand down传下来,依给Such knowledge was handed down from father to son.
Ihand in交上,递交Please hand in your books at the end of the lesson.
Ihand in hand手拉着手,联合The walk down the street hand in hand.
Ihand on传下来,依次传递Please read this notice and hand it on.


[ 本帖最后由 xwd3210 于 2009-7-20 13:45 编辑 ]
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大学英语短语大全

Ihand out分发,发给hand out the pencils
Ihand over交出,移交,让与The thief was handed over to the police.
Ain hand撑握Don't worry, I have the matter well in hand.
Ion hand在手边,临近,在场=ready for use or to take part
Eon (the)one/other hand一方面,另一方面 
Ihang about闲荡,徘徊,逗留I hung about/around for an hour but he didn't come.
Ahang back畏缩,犹豫,踌躇We all hang back when he saw how old the car was.
Ihang on1抓住不放;2坚持;3等会儿;
4.
取决于;
5
打电话时不挂断
1.Hang on, the bus is starting. 2.Much hands on your decision;3.=hold on
Ihang on to /onto紧握住,坚持下去=try to keep
Ihang up挂断电话I was so angry that I hang up on her.
Ihappen to碰巧;发生I happened to see him yesterday.=It was happened that I saw him yesterday.
Ihardly any几乎没有There's hardly any coal left.Hardly anybody(=very few people)came to the meeting
Ihardly ... before /when刚....Hardly had the game begun when it started raining.
Ihave sth back要回,收回某物You shall have it back(=It will be returned to you) next month.
Ihave on穿着,戴着He had nothing on except a hat.
Ihave to do with和......关系 
Ahead for驶,,走向Where are you heading for?
We are heading for the same destination.
Ahead on迎面地.正面地 
Ikeep one's head保持镇静=to remain /keep calm
Ilose one's head慌乱,仓皇失措You musn't lose your head.
Iat heart在内心,实质上He is kind at heart.; He looks rather fierce,but he is kind at heart.
Iby heart牢记,凭记忆 
Iget / learn by heart记住,背诵I learned the poem by heart.
Aheart and soul全心全意地,完全地=completely: I am yours heart and soul.
Alose heart丧失勇气,失去信心He lost heart when he failed the exam.
Ihelp oneself自取所需(食物等)The money was on the table and no one was there,so he helped himself.
Ehere and there到处He saw flowers here and there.
Eget hold of抓住Take/get/catch hold of the rope, and we'll pull you up.
Ihold back阻止,抑制,踌躇We built banks to hold back the flood waters.; I could not hold him back.
Ihold on握住不放
,
等会儿
 
Ihold onto紧紧握住=hang onto
He held onto the rope.
Ihold out坚持,不屈服I don't hold out much hope that the weather will improve.
E.Ihold upE举起,云承 I阻挡The building of the new road has been held up by bad weather.
Iin honor of为向...表示敬意,...庆祝/纪念a party in honor of the visiting president
Aon one's honor以名誉担保He was (put) on his honor not to tell the secret.
Ikeep house管理家务,做家务 
Ehurry up(使)赶快Hurry up, it's getting late.
Iin a hurry匆忙,立即He was in a hurry to go home.
Aimprove on / upon改进,超过=to produce or be something better than; better; It is hard to improve on the plan.
A at intervals不时,每隔..时间或距离The bell rang at 20-minute intervals.
Eby itself自动地,独自地The machine works by itself.
Iin itself本质上,就其本身而言=without considering the rest;
The existence of human beings is a miracle in itself.
Ibe keen on 喜爱,渴望He is keen on short stories.
Ikeep away (from sth)远离Keep away from the water's edge!
or keep sb/sth away from...
Ikeep back1.阻止.抑制;
2.
隐瞒 3.保留
1.keep sb back from doing sth =prevent sb from doing sth.
2.She can keep nothing (back) from her friends.
3.They keep back $20 a month from my salary for National Insurance(国民保险费).
Ikeep down控制,压低(声音)He couldn't keep down his anger .; Chemicals are used for keeping insects down.
Ekeep from使..不进入Can't you keep your dog from coming into my garden?
Akeep in1.继续烧着,不熄;2.控制1Shall we deep the fire in or let it out. 2.He couldn't keep in his indignation.
Akeep in with与某人保持友谊You must keep in with your customers, retain their goodwill.
Ikeep off不接近,避开The parents are advised to keep children off the street.
Keep off the grass!
Ekeep on (doing sth)继续,反复地做Prices keep on increasing.
Susan got a bad cold and kept on caughing all night.
Ikeep out of躲开,置身...之外Danger! Keep out!
Keep out of their quarrels,Don't get involved in them.
Akeep to遵守,信守,坚持1.Traffic in Britain keeps to the left. 2.keep to the subject /point at issue: 把握讨论的主题/要点.

3.He kept the news to himself.
Ikeep up1.继续,坚持, 2.维护
3.4.A
使迟睡.
1.Will the fine weather keep up?2.How do you keep up this large house?
3.It's wrong to keep the children up so late, They should go to bed.
4.I don't want to deep you up; you look sleepy and ready for bed.
Ikeep up with1.跟上,不落后;
2.
保持联系.

1.I had to run to keep up (with the girls). Dove couldn't keep up with the rest of the class.
2.try to keep up with old friends far away.
Iknock down1.撞倒,击倒; 2.拆除1.Alex was knocked down by a bus yesterday.2. Our house is being knocked down to make way for a new road.
Aknock out击倒,击昏A rock falling down from the mountain knocked a tourist out.
Iat large1.一般地,大多数;
2.
未被捕获的
1.in general,as a whole: Did the people at large approve of the government's policy?
2. free, uncontrolled: The criminals are still at large.(凶手依然逍遥法外)
Alay aside1.放下,..搁置一旁;
2.
留存,储存; 3A.放弃,抛弃
1.=put down:
Lay the book aside and rest your eyes for a while. 2.Lay aside money for one's old age.
3.Lay aside bad habits.
Alay down1.放下;
2.
规定,制订
1. to lay down arms
2.to lay down the law.You can't lay down hard and fast rules.
Alay off(临时)解雇,休息They laid us off for 3 months.
Ilay out1.安排,布置,设计; 2.展开(以便使用或易见)1.=make a plan for ,arrange: lay out a printed page/an advertisement.
well paid-out streets and avenues.(设计良好的街道和马路).
2.The magnificent scene that was laid out before the climbers when they reached the summit.
Ain the least一点,丝毫He is not in the least worried.
Ileave behind不带,忘了带,遗留,留下Don't leave your coat (behind)!
Ileave out省略,遗漏I left out the important point.
Alend itself to  
Aat length最终,终于=at last ,finally:
After two hours' drive they arrived there at length.
Ilet down1.使失望,不帮助;
2.
放下,降低
1.disappoint, fail to help :Harry will never let you down.(You can rely upon him to help you always.) 2.Pleast let the window down.She let down her hair. 3.make(clothes) longer: This skirt needs letting down.
Alet go (of )放开,松开Don't let go (of) the rope /handle.
Let me go!(Take your hands off me,don't hold or keep me.)放开你的手,不要拉我,让我走!
Elet in / into让..进来There is someone at the door;let them in,will you? Who let you into the building?
Alet loose放开,释放,放松(喻发泄)Don't let that dog loose.
Alet off1.原谅,宽恕,从轻处理,免除(工作,责任,约束) ;
1.The police let him off, but warned him not to do it again. You let him off lightly.
2.to let off a fireworks放(枪炮,烟火等): The boys were letting off fireworks
Elet out1.放出,发出 ;
2.
放大,放宽
1.He let out a cry of pain.
Let the water out of the bathtub.
2.=to make (clothes)bigger: She's getting so fat that her trousers need to be let out round the waist(腰).
Elie in1.睡懒觉;
2A.
分娩,待产
1=to stay in bed late in the morning; lie-in n: have a nice lie-in on Sunday morning
2. The time had come for her to lie in.
Ain the light of鉴于,由于=taking into account;considering:
The book was written in the light of the new theory.
Athrow/cast light on/upon阐明某事,使人了解某事=to make clear;explain:
Their findings throw some light on what has happened.
Iin line成一直线,排成一行in line for the job ;
The students stood in line to welcome us .
Ain line with与...一致,...符合That isn't in line with my ideas at all.
Iline up使排队, 使排成一行1.He lined up behind the others to wait his turn. 2.I've lined up a famous singer for the school concert.
Elittle by little一点点地, 逐渐地If you keep studying hard, you are certain to make progress little by little.
Ilive on/by靠...生活,...为食
They live on meat,fish, milk and vegetables.
Ilive through度过The old man lived through two world wars.
Ilive up to1遵守,实践(诺言,原则);2.符合,不辜负The teacher hopes that his students will live up to his expectations.
2.Did the film live up to your expectations?
Ias long as只要,如果,既然=if;on condition that:We can finish the task ahead of time as long as we work hard
 for long Were you there for long?
Elook after照料,照管,关心,注意Who will look after the baby?
Elook at看,..,看待He looks at work in a different way now he is in charge.
Ilook back回顾,回头看After he won the first game,he never looked back.
Alook down on/ upon蔑视,看不起=to have a low opinion of
Elook for寻找=try to find
Elook forward to盼望,期待;预料=to expect to enjoy
Ilook in顺便看望,顺便访问 
Ilook into窥视,调查,过问There is a fault in the machine, and we're just looking into it.
Ilook on旁观,观看, A看待,视作=to watch while others take part
Ilook out注意Look out! You'll crash the car.
Ilook over检查,查看=examine quickly
Ilook through浏览,温习=examine,esp. for points to be noted
Elook up查阅1.Things are looking up! 2.Look up the word in the dictionary.
Ilook up to尊敬,敬仰=respect
Iat a loss困惑,不知所措=confused; uncertain what to do or say
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大学英语短语大全(中英文释义+例句)

Imake for1.走向,..前进;
2
导致,促成
1. It started raining, so she made for shelter. 2. The large print makes for easy reading.
Imake out1.理解,了解;
2.
开列,写出;
3.
看出,辩认出
1. Can you make out what he's trying to say? 2. Make the cheque out to me. 3.How did he make out after he finished school? 4. He makes out he's younger than me. 5.He makes himself out to be very important.
Imake up1组成,捏造,编造故事/谎言;
2.
化妆;
3.
整理;
4.5
补充,补足;
1.=invent, esp to deceive 2.She makes herself up /makes up her face in the morning. 3.Bring the sheets and make up the bed. 4. You must make up the money. 5.Let's kiss and make up.
Imake up for补偿,弥补1. The beautiful autumn makes up for the wet summer.
Iin memory of纪念Chairman Mao wrote a famous article in memory of doctor Bethune.
Aat the mercy of任凭..摆布,完全受..支配They were lost at sea, at the mercy of waves.
Ibear/keep in mind记住I'll bear your suggestion in mind.
Ahave in mind记得,意欲,打算,想到Keep what your mother said in mind.
Emake up one's mind下定决心,打定注意He has made up his mind to go to the seaside.
Imix up混合,混淆,搞混1.It's easy to mix him up with his brother; they're so alike. 2.If you mix up those papers we shan't find the one we need quickly.
Iat the moment此刻=at the present time;now: I don't have that much money at the moment.
Iin a moment立刻,马上I'll be back with you in a moment.
Afor the moment暂时,日前 
Ithe moment(that)一...I recognized him the moment (that) I saw him.
Iat (the) most最多,至多She's at most 25 years old.
Imake the most of充分利用, 尽量利用We've only got one day in London, so let's make the most of it and see everything.
Ain nature性质上,实际上,究竟It's (in) her nature to be generous. / She is generous by nature.
Enothing but只有,只不过He's nothing but a criminal.
I(every)
now and then
有时,偶尔,时时=sometimes : I go to see my aunt now and then.
Inow that既然,由于Now that John has arrived; we can start our work.
Ion occasion(s)偶然,不时=from time to time; occasionaly:
On occasions we go to the movies together.
Ioccur to想起,想到Just as I was leaving the house, it occured to me that I had forgotten my keys.
Ioff and on断断续续地,不时地=from time to time;occasionally:
It snowed off
and on for three days.
Iall at once突然,同时,一起=suddenly:
All at once we heard a knock at the door.
Aonce(and) for all一劳永逸地,永远地Once and for all, I won't go.
Eonce more再一次,又一次You should take medicine once more at ten.
Eby oneself单独地;独自地=alone; without help
Acome/go into operation实行,施行,生效When does the new law come into operation?
Aput/bring into operation实施,使生效,运行The new machines will be put into operation next week.
Iout of order发生故障,失调=not in accordance with the rules of a formal meeting
Aput in order使...整齐,秩序井然 
Eevery other每隔一个的We go to visit our friend every other week.
Eover and over (again )再一次,重新The teacher has pointed the mistake out to you over and over again.
Aon one's own独立,靠自己的力量I can't carry it on my own; it's too heavy.
Akeep/hold pace with与..齐步前进/并驾齐驱She works very fast: I can't keep pace with her.
Atake pains尽力,煞费苦心The hostess took great pains to make her guests at home.
Aplay a part
(in)
扮演角色,参与,起作用Luck played a part in her success.
Iin particular特别,尤其I noticed his eyes in particular,because they're very large.
Ipass away去世,逝世When the police arrived, he had passed away.
Apass off中止,停止1. The rain passed off. 2.The meeting passed off well. 3.She passed herself off as a doctor.
Ipass out失去知觉,昏倒1.faint 2.=hand out
Iin the past在过去,从前
Ipay back偿还,回报,...报复1.Have I paid (you) back the $10 you lent me? 2.I'll pay you back for what you did to me.
Ipay off1还清债;2给清工资后遣散
3
得到好结果,取得成功
1.=pay the whole of (a debt) 2.=pay and dismiss from job 3.Our plan certainly paid off; it was a great idea.
Ipay up全部付清=pay a debt in full, often unwillingly.
Iin person亲自,本人I can't come in person, but I'm sending my secretary.
Ipick out选出,挑出;
辨认出,分辨出;
1.=choose 2.He picked out his sister in the crowd.
Ipick up1.2拿起,捡起;3好转,改进,增加;4.获得,学会;5车等中途搭人or中途带货;6.(借着仪器)看到,听到侦得1.Pick up the box by the handlers. 2.Please pick up all your toys when you've finished playing. 3.Trade is picking up again. 4.Where did you pick up that book? 5.Pick me up at the hotel. 6.Can you pick up Radio Beijing with your portable radio?
Iin/out of place适当的/不适当的=in/not in the proper position
Ein place of代替=instead of:
We use gas as fuel in place of coal.
Iin the first/last place起初,首先In the first place I didn't want to go,and in the second place I can't afford to.
Etake the place of代替Electric trains have taken the place of steam trains in Britain.
Eplay with以...为消遣,玩弄 
Icome to the point说到要点,扼要地说I've come to the point where I can't listen to her any longer.
Aon the point of即将...的时候We were on the point of leaving when you telephoned us.
Ipoint out指出,指明He pointed her out to me.
Ato the point切中要害,切题What my father said was much to the point.
Abring/carry into practice实施,实行We must put the plans into practice.
Iin practice在实践上,实际上It sounded a good idea, but in practice it didn't work.
Iout of practice久不练习,荒巯She has been out of practice on the piano for a long time.
Iat present目前,现在She is in Beijing at present.
Ifor the present日前,暂时=now but not necessarily in the future
:
That will do for the present.
Iin proportion (to)均衡,对称,..杨比例1.This drawing isn't in proportion;the car is larger than the house. 2.Are you paid in proportion to the number of hours you work?
Ein public公开地,当众=in the presence of other people
: She does not seem to mind speaking in public.
Ipull down拆毁,拉倒;拉下,降低They are pulling down the houses in the street.
Apull in(车)停下,进站,()靠岸=arrive at a station :
The train from Shanghai will pull in at 10 a.m.
Apull off脱(,衣等)The trick looked impossible,but she pulled it off.
Ipull on穿上,戴上It is very cold outside. Pull on more clothes before you go out.
Ipull out(车,)驶出=leave a station
Ipull up(使)停下The car pulled up outside the station.
Afor (the) purpose of目的,意图, 打算,企图Did you come to London for the purpose of seeing your family,or for business purposes?
Ion purpose故意,有意It wasn't an accident; you did it on purpose.
Awith the purpose of目的,意图, 打算,企图 
Aput across / over解释清楚,说明I'm not putting my meaning across very well.
Iput aside储存,保留He has a little money put aside for a holiday.
Iput away把...收起来,放好Put the books away neatly in the cupboard.
Iput down记下,写下1.put down the opposition 2.=make feel humble
Iput forward提出May I put your name forward as a possible chairman of the committee?
Aput in1.2花费,付出(时间,精力等
3.
正式提出,申请
1.The ship puts in at Bombay. 2.put in an hour's work;3.If the goods were damaged in the post, you can put in a claim to the post office.
Aput in for They've put in for more money.
E.Iput off推迟,拖延;
劝阻,阻止
1.I'll have to put off my visit till tomorrow. 2.I put him off with a promise to pay him next week. 3.The people kept putting the speaker off by shouting. 4.His bad manners put her off. 5.Don't talk,it puts him off his game.
Iput on1.穿上,戴上 ;2.上演;
3.
增加(体重等),
1.She put her hat and coat on. 2.She's not really ill;she put it on to gain attention. 3.to put on speed 4.=perform on a stage 5.So many people wanted to go to the match that another train had to be put on. 6.=turn on 7.=add
Iput out1.2熄灭,关灯3.发布,公布;4伸出;5生产1.She put the light out. 2.She was so put out by the man's rudeness that she didn't know what to say. 3.The government will put out a new statement next week. 4.She never puts herself out to help people.
Iput up1搭起,建起,支起 2.张贴
3.
堤价 4....提供食宿,投宿;5.提供
1.to put up a tent 2.put up a notice 3.=increase( a price) 4.I'm afraid I can't put you up;you'll have to go to hotel. 5.What a coward;he didn't put up much of a fight. 6.She's putting her house up (for sale).
Iput up with容忍,忍受I can't put up with your rudeness any more; leave the room.
Ain question正在谈论的=under consideration;being talked about
Iat any rate无论如何,至少in any case;whatever happens
Eby
the reason of
由于 
A as regards关于,至于As regards (doing) that, we haven't decided yet.
Awith/in regard to关于,至于=regarding; as regards
Ain/with relation to有关,关于,涉及,..相比I have a lot to say in relation to that affair.
Awith respect to关于,至于I am writing with respect to your recent letter.
Eas a result of由于,因此He was late as a result of the snow.
Aring off挂断电话,
ring up
打电话
I'd better ring off now;the baby's crying.
Agive rise to引起,造成Unhealthy conditions give rise to disease.
Ion the road在旅途中(to)..过程中I must stop and rest; I've been on the road for 12 hours.
Eall round周围,处处He works all (the) year round.
Irub out擦掉,拭去,磨去to rub out a word
Ias a rule通常,照例=usually;generally
I.Arun down1I.撞倒,撞沉;2A.追捕,追获,追查出;3..坏话,贬低;4.减少,缩减1.=knock down and hurt with a vehicle 2.to run down a criminal 3.She is jealous of your success;that's why she's always running you down. 4.an industry that is running down
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大学英语短语大全(中英文释义+例句)

Arun for竞选,追查,探究 
Irun into1.碰撞上;2共计,达到..之多;
3.
偶然遇见,撞见
1. to run one's car into a tree 2. a debt running into thousands of pounds 3.=meet (someone) by chance
Irun off复印,打印 
Irun away with1.(感情等)战胜,不受..约束;
2
1. Don't let your temper run away with you. 2.He ran away with his teacher's wife. 3.He's run away with all my jewels.
Irun out of用光,耗尽We are running out of time.
Irun over(车)碾过,撞倒
1. The water/cup ran over. 2.He was run over by a bus.
Irun through1.浏览;2贯穿,普遍存在Let's run through the exercises orally before writing them down.
Ain the long run最终,从长远观点看来It'll be cheaper in the long run to build it in stone.
Afor the sake of为了,看在...的份上He's just talking for the sake of hearing his own voice.
Eall the same仍然,照样地They want to thank you all the same.
Ion sale出售,廉价出售 
Aon a large/small scale大/小规模地 
Aon schedule按预定时间,ahead of/on/behind schedule
The train arrived on schedule.
Ascrape through勉强通过She just scraped through the examination by one mark.
Astart from scratch从头做起,从零开始=start from the beginning or with nothing
Iin secret秘密地,私下地The meeting was held in secret.
They arrange for me to meet her in secret.
Esee off给...送行He saw his friend off at the bus station.
Isee through看穿,识破enough money to see him through ( a year abroad)
Isee to照料,负责,注意,留心Will you see to the children?
Esend for派人去请,召唤,索取Send for a doctor!
Asend off邮寄,发送 
Isend in呈报,提交,送来 
Iin a sense从某种意义上说You are right in a sense,but you don't know all the facts.
Imake sense讲得通,有意义,言之有理1.No matter how you read it,this sentence doesn't make (any) sense. 2.I can't make sense of it.
Ain sequence顺序地Please keep the cards in sequence;don't mix them up.
Aserve right活该,给应得的待遇After all you've eaten it'll serve you right if you feel ill.
Eset about +doing开始,着手She set about complaining as soon as she arrived.
Aset aside1.挑出,留出,拨出;2....置于一旁,不理会1.She set aside a little money each week. 2.Setting aside what I think, what would you like to do?
Iset back1.2推迟,延缓,阻碍; 3 使花费1. a house set 15 meter's back from the road 2. The bad weather will set back our building plans (by three weeks). 3.That new car set me back quite a lot.
Iset down1.记下,写下;2下车1.I have set down everything that happened,as I remember it. 2.The bus sets the children down just outside the school.
Aset forth1.启程,动身;2.提出,(正式用语)宣布,发表1.=set out : begin a journey(set out is more use)
2.make known; declare: set forth one's political views.发表政见.He set forth a new theory about natural evolution.
Iset off1.动身,出发;2. 使爆炸,3使爆发,引起;41.She set off on a trip across Europe. 2.The bomb could be set off at any time. 3.The discovery of gold in California set off a rush to get there. 4.a white belt to set off her blue dress
E.Aset out1.动身,启程;2.开始;3陈述,阐明;4.摆出1.=set off(1) 2He set out to paint the whole house but finished only the front.3.The reasons for my decision are set out in my report.4The meal was set out on a long table
Iset out to开始see set out (2)
E.Iset upE.建立,设立,树立
I.
资助,使自立,扶持
1.Roadblocks were set up by the police to catch the escaped prisoner. 2.The council set up a committee to inquire into local unemployment.
Esettle down定居,过安定生活1.She settled (herself) down in chair with a book. 2.I want to get married and settle down. 3.He soon settled down in his new school.
Ain the shape of 呈...形状,...的形式a cake in the shape of a heart
Ibe short of 缺乏I'm short of money this week.
Icut short中断,打断Her nap was cut short by a loud noise from outside.
Arun short用完,耗尽,不足,不够 
Afor short简称,缩写My name is Alexander, "Al" for short.
Iin short简而言之,总之You can't make me! I won't do it. In short-no!
Eshow in领入 
Ishow off炫耀,卖弄Don't look at him! He's just showing off!
Ishow up使显现,使醒目;
来到,露面
1.This bright sunlight really shows up the cracks in the wall. 2.=make known the esp. unpleasant truth about 3.Did everyone show up for the party? 4.My husband always shows me up at parties;he always gets drunk.
Eshut out关出,..关在外面 
Eshut off关掉(煤气等);切断,脱离Shut off the radio please.
Isick of厌烦I'm sick of listening to your complaints;be quiet!
Aon the side作为兼职,正事以外He's a teacher, but he makes a little money on the side by repairing cars in his free time.
Iside by side肩并肩,一个挨一个The lined up side by side for the photograph.
Iside walk人行道=pavement
Aat first sight乍一看,初看起来=at the first time of seeing or meeting
Ain/out of sight看见/看不见,在视野以外He never lets his children out of his sight.
Icatch sight of发现,突然看见I caught sight of her hurrying away.
Isit up迟睡,熬夜1.The loud noise made her sit up in bed. 2.Don't sit up for me if I'm late.
Asit for参加to sit (for) one's A levels
Asit in列席,旁听The president is ill so the secretary is sitting in for her at meeting.
Aon the sly偷偷地,冷不防地=secretly
Iever so非常,极其It's ever so cold.
Aor so大约,左右five dollars or so
Ion the spot当场,立即,马上,在现场Wherever she's needed she's quickly on the spot.
A(go) on the stage上舞台,做演员When she was five years old, she decided that she wanted to go on the stage.
Aat stake在危险中,利害攸关=at risk
Istand by站在旁边,袖手旁观; 作好准备;站在一起,支持,帮助1.How can you stand by and watch the country go to ruin? 2.Stand by to receive a message.
Istand for1是..的缩写,代表,意味着;
2.
主张,支持;
3.
容忍,接受
1.What does "PTO" stand for? 2.Before we elect her to Parliament, we want to know what she stands for. 3.I won't stand for such treatment!
Istand out1.清晰地显出,引人注目;
2.
杰出,出色
1.The road sign is easy to read; the word stand out well. 2.She stood out as the best in the class.
I.Astand up (to)勇敢地面对,抵抗,经得起 
Istand up for维护,支持,保卫You must stand up for your rights.
Ain step / out of step齐步,合拍(with)..一致,
协调 /~
=stepping with the left and right leg at the same time as
a different time than the others
Istep up加快,加速; 增加,逐步提高to step up the work
Astep in插入,介入Mother stepped in and forbade me to go camping.
Istick out突出,伸出,坚持到底,继续1.Her ears stick out. 2.It sticks out a mile that we aren't welcome here.
Istick to坚持,忠于,信守to stick to one's plans
Ain stock现有,备有Have you any blue shirts in stock?
Eall of a sudden突然=unexpectedly : He left home all of a sudden.
Ain sum简言之.一言以蔽之 
Isum up总结,概括I can't sum up his whole philosophy in one sentence.
Atake ... as把...认为是I took his smile as meaning yes.
Itake after在外貌,性格上与..相像Mary takes after her mother; she's always cheerful.
Atake away减去 
Itake down1.拆,拆卸;2.记下,写下1.to take down a dangerous bridge 2.She took down my phone number.
Itake for认为,以为Do you take me for a fool?
Itake in1.2.3接受,容纳,吸收;
4.
领会,理解;5.诈骗,欺骗
1.He had nowhere to live, so we took him in.2.This is the total cost of the holiday, taking in everything.3.The dress was too big, so I took it in.4.I didn't take in what you were saying.5Iam aftaid that you have been taken in, This bank note is a forgery
Itake off1.脱下;2.起飞;3.1.Take your coat off. 2.=rise into the air 3.to take off members of the royal family
Itake on1.2呈现,具有,装出;3.承担,从事;4.开始雇用;5..较量,接受..挑战1.The firm took on a new clerk. 2.His face took on a new expression. 3.Why don't take on someone your own size?
Itake over接管,接收Our chairman has left, so Peter will take over (his job).
Itake up1.开始从事;2.占去,占据,
3.
着手处理,论及;
1.John took up writing poetry while at school. 2.The work took up the whole of Sunday. 3.I'll take up the story where I finished yesterday. 4.Can I take up on your offer of a meal? 5.I will take this matter up with a lawyer.
Atake to1,对...产生好感,开始喜欢;
2.
形成..习惯,开始从事
1.Jean took to Paul as soon as they met. 2.John's taken to drinking a lot. 3.Father's ill, so he has taken to his bed.
Italk back顶嘴,反驳 
Atalk into说服She talked me into buying her car.
Iin tears流着泪,含泪,Mary was in tears because her doll was brown.
Ilose one's temper发怒,发脾气=become angry:
He often loses his temper for no arrant reasons.
Iin terms of在..方面,..方面而言In terms of property, we're quite rich.
Athanks to由于,因为,多亏=because of
: Thanks to your help ,I passed the exam.
Ifor one thing首先, 一则For one thing it costs too much, and for another it's the wrong color.
Ethink of1.考虑,关心;2...有特定看法/想法;3.4.想到,想起1.We're thinking of going to France for our holidays. 2.What do you think of this plan? 3.I thought of the idea first. 4.I can't think of his name.
Ithink of ... as把..看作是,以为...The general thinks of himself as a common soldier.
Ethink over仔细考虑It's a good offer, but I must think it over.
Ithink better of经考虑对..改变主意/想法I was going to go, but I thought better of it.
Aon second thoughts经重新考虑,一转念I said I wouldn't go, but on second thoughts I think I will.
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大学英语短语大全(中英文释义+例句)

Ethrow away扔掉,抛弃He threw away the chance of a good job.
Iahead of time提前They arrived ahead of time.
Iat a time每次,一次The people came in two at a time.
Iat no time从不,决不 
Iat one time曾经,一度; 同时At one time I used to like her, but not any more.
Iat the same time同时; 然而,不过He can be very rude, but at the same time I can't help liking her.
Iat times有时=sometimes
Ifor the time being目前,暂时I'll let you keep the book for the time being.
Efrom time to time时常He comes here from time to time.
Ein no time立即,马上I'll be back in no time.
Itake one's time不急不忙,从容进行 
Ion top of在...之上He lost his job and on top of that his wife left him.
Ikeep in touch保持联系Please write, it would be nice to keep in touch.
Aout of touch失去联系I'd like to go back to teaching, but I'm out of touch with my subject now.
Itouch on关系到.涉及In his talk he touched on the state of affairs in Africa.
Atouch up润色,改进=improve by making small changes or additions
Akeep/lose track通晓事态,注意动向
失去联系
=keep/not keep oneself informed about a person, state of affairs,etc
Ain (all)
truth
事实上,的确=in fact; really
: In all truth ,he is a excellent teacher.
Etry out试用,试验It seems a good idea; I'll try it out.
Itry on试穿You'd better try it on first.
Atune in(to)收听We always tune in at 10 o'clock to hear the news.
Iby turns轮流,轮班 
Iin turn依次,轮流We visited the old lady in turn.
Iturn down1.关小, 调低 ;2拒绝,摒斥1. Turn down the radio at once! 2.to turn down an offer
Iturn in1.上床睡觉; 上交,交还1. =go to bed 2.=deliver to the police
Iturn into(使)变成 
E.Aturn off1关,关上;2叉开;3拐弯,避开1. Turn off the television. 2. We turned off at Birmingham. 3.He really turns me off.
Eturn on打开,拧开1.He turned on the light. 2.=attack suddenly 3.=excite or interest esp. sexually
Iturn out1.关掉;2.驱逐,使离开;3生产,制造;4.证明是,结果是1.=turn off(1) 2.Crowds turned out for the procession. 3.This factory can turn out a hundred cars a day. 4.His statement turned out to be false.
I.Aturn over1.孰思,再三考虑;2.翻过来,翻倒 3A.移交,转交1.to turn an idea over in one's mind 2.The car (was) turned right over,comletely upset. 3.=turn in: I've turned over the management of my affairs to my brother.
Aturn to1.求助于借助于 2.1.go to for help 2.look at (the stated page) in a book
Eturn up1.2.3.出现,发生,来到;
4.
开大,调大
1.to turn up new information 2.The missing bag turned up,completely empty, in the river. 3.She turns up late for everything. 4.=increase the force,strength,loudness,... by using controls
Atake turns轮流We took turns at driving the car.
 turn away把...打发走,
拒绝(欢迎,帮助)
 
Iup to1.从事于,忙于.2A胜任,适于,3该由...轮到.4直到1.What are the children up to? 2.Michael's not really up to that job. 3.It's up to him to do it.
Emake use of利用Make full use of every chance you have to speak English.
Eput to use使用,利用 
Iuse up用光,花完=finish completely
Eas usual象往常一样,照例She came late as usual.
Iin vain徒劳,白费,无效We tried in vain to make him change his mind.
Ia variety of一种,种种Everyone arrived late at the party for a variety of reasons.
Iby virtue of借助于,由于She became a British citizen by virtue of her marriage to an Englishman.
Ewarm up(便)暖起来,(使)加热1.Come and warm yourself up by the fire. 2.The singers are warming up before the concert.
Eby the way顺便提一下,另外in addition:
By the way ,give me a cup of tea.
Iby way of经过,经由,通过...方式You can get to Harlow by way of London.
Igive way让路,让步We refused to give way to their demands.
Ain a way在某点,在某种程度上In a way you are right .
Ain no way决不 
Ain the way of Nothing must stand in the way of our plans.
Ain one's way/ in the way妨碍,阻碍 
Alead the way带路,引路 
Imake one's way前进,行进The car broke down and I had to make my way on foot.
Imake way让路, 腾出地方(位置) 
Iwear off渐渐减少;逐渐消失The pain is wearing off.
Iwear out1.用破,用坏,磨损;
2.
使疲乏,使耗尽
1. Her shoes wore out quickly. 2.If you don't stop working you'll wear yourself out.
E.Aas well同样,
A.
倒不如,不妨
Do you think that we ought to go as well?
Eas well as 即......,..之外()Mary can speak Chinese as well as German.
Ewhat about(对于)...怎么样What about a cup of coffee ?
Awhat if如果...将会怎样What if we move the picture over here? What if they don't agree with you?
Iwhether...or...是...还是,不管...还是Maroa has to do the work whether she likes or not.
Efor a while一会儿Just wait for a while and then I'll help you.
Eonce in a while偶尔,有时We go to the theater once in a while.
Awhile away消磨(时间)The girl whiled away the afternoon reading a exciting story.
Aafter a while过了一会,不久 
Aon the whole总的来说,大体上On the whole, I like it.
On the whole the experiment was very successful.
Iwipe out消灭,毁灭The enemy wiped out the whole nation.
Eno wonder难怪It's no wonder you recognized him.
Ein a word总而言之In a word , he is an outstanding leader.
Ein other words换句话说,也就是说=expressing the same thing in different words;which is the same thing as saying
Eword for word逐字地He told me what happened, word for word.
Ekeep one's word守信用He always keeps his word.
Iat work从事于,致力于There are men at work mending the road.
Iwork out1.2.算出3.解决;
4
设计出,制订出
1.to work out a sum 2.The sum doesn't work out. 3.Things will work themselves out. 4.to work out in the gymnasium
Iwork up引起,激起
逐渐上升,向上爬
1.The politician worked the crowd up. 2.She's working up to what she wants to say.
Eout of work失业My husband is out of work.
Ain the world究竟,到底What in the world are you doing?
Iat (the) worst在最坏的情况下She remains cheerful even when things are at their worst.
Awrite off报废,勾销,注销We'll just have to write our plans off if we can't find the money for them.
Ego wrong出错,范错误,出故障/毛病The sum isn't right, but I can't see where I went wrong.
Aand yet虽然...但是 
Aas yet迄今It has worked well as yet.
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金币

大家网小学四年级

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发表于 2009-9-4 11:57 | 显示全部楼层
好东西
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发表于 2009-9-7 09:56 | 显示全部楼层
真好
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金币

大家网小学二年级

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发表于 2010-1-19 21:57 | 显示全部楼层
It must cost too much of your spare time and energy, very good job.
Thanks for your effort. I appreciate your hard work.
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