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VOA常速讲解:奥巴马:不要抵抗金融改革

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发表于 2010-4-25 16:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Obama to Wall Street:Do not Fight Financial Reform
Aiming his appeal directly at the financial industry and skeptics within it, and at Republican critics in Congress, the president warned of the danger of a repeat of economic collapse.

Calling the financial crisis the outcome of a failure of responsibility from Wall Street to Washington, he said the time has come to seize the moment to make fundamental changes in the rules of the financial road.

"It is essential that we learn the lessons of this crisis, so we do not doom ourselves to repeat it," said the president. "And make no mistake, that is exactly what will happen if we allow this moment to pass. That is an outcome that is unacceptable to me and it is unacceptable to you, the American people."

With many, but not all, of the most prominent executives of Wall Street firms present, the president outlined key aspects of legislation the Senate will debate in coming days.

These include steps to impose new oversight and controls on hedge funds and complex financial instruments known as derivatives, and protections for consumers of financial products.

Of particular importance would be a system to ensure that troubled financial companies could be dismantled in an orderly way without posing the kind of systemic risk they did in 2008.

Calling the Senate bill and one the House of Representatives approved last year a significant improvement over flawed rules now in place, he said changes would be advantageous for the industry and the country.

The president took aim at the tens of millions of dollars and hundreds of financial industry lobbyists who have descended on Capitol Hill in recent weeks attempting to urge lawmakers to oppose the legislation.

"I am sure that some of these lobbyists work for you and they are doing what they are being paid to do. But I am here today, specifically when I speak to the titans of industry here, because I want to urge you to join us, instead of fighting us in this effort," he said.

President Obama also directed attention to an ongoing and enormously sensitive issue for Americans - multi-million dollar salaries, bonuses and other compensation paid to industry executives.

"Some of the salaries and bonuses we have seen created perverse incentives to take reckless risks that contributed to the crisis. It is what helped lead to a relentless focus on a company's next quarter, to the detriment of its next year or decade," he said.

Critics say the Senate measure would amount to an authorization for continuing government bailouts of the financial industry.

On Capitol Hill, minority Republicans have softened opposition to Senate legislation, but negotiations continue on provisions. Democrats hope for a vote by next week.
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 楼主| 发表于 2010-4-25 16:38 | 显示全部楼层
奥巴马总统呼吁金融行业和怀疑论者,以及国会共和党批评者,要警惕再次发生经济崩溃的危险。

奥巴马称上次金融危机是华尔街到华盛顿未履行责任的结果。他说,现在我们应该抓住机会,对金融规则进行根本性的变革。

“我们应该从这场危机中吸取教训,这是非常必要的,这样我们就不会重复上次危机的悲剧。不要弄错,如果我们让这个时刻就这样过过去,这场危机一定会重演。对我来说,对美国民众来说,这个结果是不能接受的。”

在到场的许多,但不是全部华尔街公司最卓越的高管面前,总统简单概述了未来几天参议院将要进行辩论的立法的主要方面。

包括采取措施,对套利基金和复杂金融工具——衍生产品施加新的监管和控制,对消费者的金融产品进行更多保护。

其中尤为重要的是,建立一个体系,取保有问题的金融公司有序解体,而不造成像2008年那样的系统性危害。

奥巴马称参议院的法案和去年众议院通过的法案是对有缺陷的条例作出的重大改进。他说,这些改变将对行业有利,对国家有利。

奥巴马瞄准了数千万美元和最近几周突然降临国会山,试图游说立法者反对该立法的数百名金融行业说客。

“我确信其中一些说客是为你们工作的,他们收了你们的钱才这样做。但是今天我来到了这里,尤其是我向金融行业成员讲话的时候,因为我希望敦促你们加入我们的行列,而不是抵抗这种努力。”

奥巴马总统还使人们注意到对美国人来说非常敏感的持续的问题——行业高管获得的数百万美元薪资,奖金和其他奖励。

“我们看到,一些薪资和奖金造成了误入歧途的激励措施,使他们进行了可能会导致危机的冒险行为。这是这一点导致对一个公司下一季度下一年或未来十年的损害。”

批评家称,参议院的措施相当于认可政府继续对金融行业进行救助。

在国会山,共和党少数派对参议院立法的对抗态度出现软化,但是针对具体条款的协商仍在继续。民主党希望在下周进行投票。
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 楼主| 发表于 2010-4-25 16:40 | 显示全部楼层
1.fundamental adj.基本的; 重要的, 必要的
例句:Fresh air is fundamental to good health.
      新鲜空气对健康是不可缺少的。
2.prominent adj.杰出的, 著名的, 卓越的
例句:He is a prominent physician.
      他是位著名的医生。
      He is prominent in science.
      他是科学界杰出的人物。
3.outline v.概述, 列提纲,略述
例句:He outlined his responsibilities.
      他概述了自己的职责。
4.advantageous adj.有利的
例句:You’re in a very advantageous position.
      你处于非常有利的地位。
5.ongoing adj.继续进行的;不断前进〔发展〕中的
例句:The problem is ongoing.
      这个问题尚未解决。
6.detriment n.损害, 伤害
例句:He sits up very late, to the detriment of his health.
      他经常熬夜, 损害健康。
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 楼主| 发表于 2010-4-25 16:40 | 显示全部楼层
1.Aiming his appeal directly at the financial industry and skeptics within it, and at Republican critics in Congress, the president warned of the danger of a repeat of economic collapse.
这句话的主干是后面半句:the president warned of...Aiming at是状语,只不过成分比较长,基本的成分是:Aiming at the financial industry and skeptics and at Republican critics。
2.It is essential that we learn the lessons of this crisis, so we do not doom ourselves to repeat it.
doom to注定; 判定
例句:The court doomed the accused to a long term of imprisonment.
      法庭判处被告长期监禁。
      The criminal was doomed to death.
      罪犯被判死刑。
3.Of particular importance would be a system to ensure that troubled financial companies could be dismantled in an orderly way without posing the kind of systemic risk they did in 2008.
Of particular importance是be of+名词相当于be+形容词的结构。without posing是典型的with/without+现在分词作状语结构。
that troubled financial companies could be dismantled是宾语从句,ensure的宾语。
4.The president took aim at the tens of millions of dollars and hundreds of financial industry lobbyists who have descended on Capitol Hill in recent weeks attempting to urge lawmakers to oppose the legislation.
descend on突然袭击;突然访问
例句:He descended on me like a thunderbolt.
       他对我大发雷霆。
      The robbers descended on the lonely house.
      强盗袭击那间孤零零的房子。
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发表于 2010-7-27 20:14 | 显示全部楼层
沙发!
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发表于 2010-7-27 20:15 | 显示全部楼层
恩,好好看看!
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