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[在线听力] [60s]_Whither the Honey Bee? ——110529

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发表于 2011-5-30 11:50 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


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Whither the Honey Bee?
For the fourth consecutive year, roughly one-third of managed honey bees died last winter. David Biello reports

This past winter, about 30 percent of all the managed honeybees in the US died. That's according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Such a die-off is no longer unusual. About a third of honeybees have perished every winter since 2006.
Given that recent history, USDA entomologist Jeff Pettis characterized this as quote "marginally encouraging" given that quote "the problem does not appear to be getting worse."
Of course, the problem has been getting worse since at least the 1980s, when parasitic mites first invaded the U.S. Our friend Apis mellifera has never recovered. Now so-called "Colony Collapse Disorder" or CCD continues to kill bees--who provide some $15 billion worth of economic good via pollination and other efforts.
To really solve the problem would require much more than solving the mystery of CCD. It would require a shift away from the widespread use of pesticides that unintentionally impact bees and the large-scale agriculture that forces them to subsist on a single type of flower rather than their usual diverse diet. Plus, there's the globalization that allows bee-killing disorders to spread rapidly and easily. What a buzz kill.
—David Biello

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发表于 2011-6-29 22:37 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2011-7-8 17:02 | 显示全部楼层
文章的意思是:
蜜蜂将走向何方?
For the fourth consecutive year, roughly one-third of managed honey bees died last winter. David Biello reports
连续第四年,有大约三分之一的处于管理中的蜜蜂在冬天死亡。David Biello报道。
This past winter, about 30 percent of all the managed honeybees in the US died. That's according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Such a die-off is no longer unusual. About a third of honeybees have perished every winter since 2006.
在刚过去的冬天,美国大约有百分之三十的精心照顾的蜜蜂死亡了。根据美国农业部数据,蜜蜂如此大量死亡不再是一个稀罕事。从2006年起,每个冬天都有大约三分之一的蜜蜂死亡。
Given that recent history, USDA entomologist Jeff Pettis characterized this as quote "marginally encouraging" given that quote "the problem does not appear to be getting worse."
Of course, the problem has been getting worse since at least the 1980s, when parasitic mites first invaded the U.S. Our friend Apis mellifera has never recovered. Now so-called "Colony Collapse Disorder" or CCD continues to kill bees--who provide some $15 billion worth of economic good via pollination and other efforts.
美国农业部的鳞翅昆虫学家Jeff Pettis引述“这个问题似乎没有愈演愈烈之势”,并引用“稍微鼓舞人心的”来描述最近的历史阶段特征。当然,这一问题至少是从1980年代开始变得越来越严重。当寄生虫第一次入侵美国,我们的益友意大利蜜蜂就一蹶不振。如今,所谓的“群体崩溃紊乱”或CCD现象不断的杀死蜜蜂——其通过授粉和其他方式制造了大约150个亿的良性经济价值。

To really solve the problem would require much more than solving the mystery of CCD. It would require a shift away from the widespread use of pesticides that unintentionally impact bees and the large-scale agriculture that forces them to subsist on a single type of flower rather than their usual diverse diet. Plus, there's the globalization that allows bee-killing disorders to spread rapidly and easily. What a buzz kill.

真正要解决这个问题需要远远不止揭示群体崩溃紊乱的神秘。也许要远离那些大范围的使用且能不经意间影响蜜蜂的杀虫剂和那些迫使蜜蜂不得不以一种花粉而非惯常多样化的花粉为生的大规模种植的农业。此外,全球化效应也让杀死蜜蜂的紊乱现象传播得更快速、更容易。这真是一个嘈杂的谋杀!
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发表于 2011-7-8 17:02 | 显示全部楼层
还缺个词汇介绍!
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发表于 2011-7-9 09:28 | 显示全部楼层

Whither: 1 to what place <whither will they go> 何地
2 to what situation, position, degree, or end <whither will this abuse drive him> 如何,什么目的,怎样的趋势
此处是选择 to what situation the Honey bee?蜜蜂走向何方?

consecutive连续的,持续的  文中:the fourth consecutive year 连续的第四年,也可以这样用Three consecutive strike 连续三次打击
the managed honeybees  managed 本意指管理的,特殊,专业处理的,这指人工管理的蜜蜂。
还可指设法活下来的,如He managed to live on. 他设法活下来了。
die-off大量相继死去 a sudden sharp decline of a population of animals or plants that is not caused directly by human activity 非人类行为直接造成的一种动物或植物的数量突然大量下降
perished消逝的
entomologist鳞翅昆虫学家,指那些专门从事蝴蝶和飞蛾研究工作的昆虫学家
marginally 略微的,稍微的
encouraging鼓励人的
the problem does not appear to be getting worse.问题看似并未会变得更糟。这个问题似乎没有愈演愈烈之势。
parasitic寄生的,如parasitic life 寄生的生活 parasite 就可以指寄生虫
mites小虫子 parasitic mites 寄生螨虫
Apis mellifera 意大利蜜蜂,文中指作为一种新的物种,意大利蜜蜂受到了寄生螨虫的侵入,而一直未恢复元气。
Colony Collapse Disorder 群体崩溃紊乱  Colony  殖民地;聚居区(地);(动植物的)群体
pollination授粉 artificial pollination 人工授粉
pesticides杀虫剂 农药
subsist to have or acquire the necessities of life (as food and clothing); especially : to nourish oneself <subsisting on roots, berries and grubs>
拥有或获得生活必需品,如食物和衣物,特别是,滋养某人,如:以草根,浆果和幼虫而过活
buzz发出嗡嗡声;忙乱 n.嗡嗡声(嘈杂) 这指的是蜂蜜
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