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[GRE填空] 新GRE经典填空例题详细分析

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金币

大家网小学一年级

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发表于 2012-3-12 16:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
绿皮书例题解答
填空:
1.1
At first, I found her gravity rather intimidating; but, as I saw more of her, I found that _______ was very near the surface.
(Seriousness /confidence / laughter/ poise泰然自若的/ determination)

所填之词应与gravity反义,所以应选laughter,gravity在此意思是“严肃,庄重”。Intimidating令人害怕的,吓人的
1.2
The new human infant is not a passive figure, nor an active one, but what might be called an actively ______ one, eagerly attentive as it is to sights and sounds.
(adaptive /selective精心选择的,选择的 /inquisitive好问的,好奇的/receptive/ intuitive有直觉的)

既不消极,又不积极,选receptive表接收,而不是adaptive。
Attentive留心的,注意的;infant婴儿;passive消极的
7.6
The new biological psychiatry(精神病学) does not deny the contributing role of psychological(心理的,精神的) in mental illnesses, but posits(假定,设想) that these factors may act as a catalyst on existing physiological(生理学的) conditions and ______  such illnesses.
(disguise假扮/impede阻碍,阻止/constrain/precipitate猛抛,促成/ consummate使结束,使完美)

因为有but,所以but前后应反义,前为contributing,而且前面也有catalyst 表示正向的促进,后面只能正向词语, precipitate促成。

Psyche起源于古希腊传说,有一个美丽的姑娘叫Psyche,美神Venus嫉妒她,让儿子爱神Eros去杀了Psyche,但是Eros被psyche的美貌迷住,爱上了psyche,后来Eros发现Psyche不但外貌美,而且心灵美,所以推荐Psyche做了天神。所以Psyche有精神,心灵之意。Erotic有色情之意,
11.8
It is to the novelist’s credit that all of the episodes(片段) in her novel are presented realistically, without any ______ or playful supernatural tricks.
(Elucidation /discrimination歧视辨别/artlessness天真的,自然的/authenticity真实性,确实性/ whimsy奇思妙想)

因为without表示否定,所以前后的应该对应反义或者反向,所以都应该是realistically的反义,所以填whimsy。
Elucidation起源于light-lucid明白易懂的-elucidation阐明,解释;whimsy奇思妙想,怪念头
16.1
What is most important to the monkeys in the sanctuary (庇护所)is that they are a group; This is so because primates(灵长类动物) are inveterately(根深蒂固地) ______ and build their lives around each other.
(Independent /stable /curious/social/ proprietary私有的,独占的/gregarious)

因为because,所以前后方向一致,group和social/gregarious同义。
21.4
A perennial(长期的,永远的) goal in zoology is to infer function from ______, relating the_______ of an organism to its physical form and cellular organization.
(Size/ structure/ location)
(Ancestry/ appearance/ behavior)
句子中,infer…to…和relating…to…对应,第一空应与function反义,第二空应与physical form and cellular organization反义。
Per-有永远之意,perfect,perennial长期的,永远的
21.6
In many science fiction films, the opposition of good and evil is portrayed as a ______ between technology, which is_______, and the errant(迷途的,错误的) will of a depraved(腐败堕落的) intellectual(理智的).
(Fusion融合,结合/ struggle/ parallel平行的,类似的)
(Dehumanizing使非人化/ unfettered/ beneficent)
此句子which从句,是修饰technology,所以其and前后应为反义,第二空填beneficent仁慈的,行善的;第一空根据意思,为struggle。
Unfettered的由来:
Feet——fetter脚镣,束缚——unfettered无拘无束的,自由的
22.8
Without the psychiatrists promise of confidentiality, trust is _______ and the patients communication limited; even though confidentially can thus(以此方式) be seen to be precious in therapy, moral responsibility sometimes requires a willingness to _______it.
(Implicit暗示的,含蓄的/ assumed/ impaired/)
(Sacrifice/ examine/ uphold支持维护)
根据前半句的意思可知,应填反向词,所以impaired 被损害的;后半句是让步,所以第二空应与precious反向,填反向词,所以sacrifice牺牲,献出。
46.5
The poet W.H. Auden believed that the greatest poets of his age were almost necessarilyirresponsible, that the possession of great gifts _______ the propensity (倾向) to abuse (滥用) them.
(Negates取消/ controls/ tempers倾向,调和/ obviates避免,消除)
因为逗号前有irresponsible,为负向,后面to abuse them, 也为负向,所以,应填一个正向词,engender产生,造成,正好符合。
23.6
As the first streamlined(流线型) car, the airflow represented a _______ in automotive development, and although its sales were _______, it had an immense(极大的) influence on automobile design.
(Milestone/ regression衰退/ misjudgment估计错误)
(Tolerable/ significant重要的,重大的/ disappointing)
第一空根据意思,development前最好为milestone。第二空前,although表示让步,那么其前后应为反义,milestone为正向词,那么这里应为反向,disappointing令人失望的。
23.10
No one is _______ about Stephens; he inspires either uncritical adulation(谄媚的) or profound(深切的,深度的) _______ in those who work for him.
(Neutral/ infuriated激怒/ worried)
(Consternation惊恐/ anxiety担心/ antipathy)
第二空应为uncritical adulation的反义,所以为antipathy反感,厌恶;第一空既不是uncritical adulation也不是antipathy,所以应为neutral中立的。
26.3
The hierarchy(等级制度) of medical occupations(职业) is in many ways a _______system; Its strata(层) remain _______ and the practitioners(从业者) in them have very little vertical(垂直的) mobility(移动性).
(Caste / training/ health)
(Flexible灵活的/ intact / inferior低等的)
第一空没有转折,所以应填与hierarchy同义词,caste等级;第二空后面的very little vertical mobility是对第二个空的解释,所以应填intact完整的,未受触动的。
Arch拱门象征权力,triumph arch凯旋门。
20.6
Although he attempted repeatedly(再三地) to _______ her of her conviction of his insincerity, he was not successful; She remained _______ in her judgment.
(Remain/ convince/ disabuse)
(Unfeigned真实的/ indulgent放纵的/ adamant)
Although让步所以反向,与not successful 反向,所以应是主动的,disabuse去除…错误想法。因为分号前没有成功,所以后面应是继续确信自己的判断,应是adamant坚定不移的。
Adamant= Adam + ant ;亚当和蚂蚁都坚定不移的。
51.2
The First World War began in a context(背景,环境) of jargon and verbal delicacy(精巧,微妙) and continued in a cloud of _______ as _______ as language and literature, skillfully used, could make it.
(Cliché陈腐的/ euphemism/ subjectivity主观,主观性)
(Literal/ deliberate故意的,蓄意的/ impenetrable)
第一空,几个and连接的意思应该相似,jargon行话,术语,隐语,verbal delicacy,所以应选euphemism委婉语,委婉说法;
第二空应与第一个同向,impenetrable不能通过的,顽固的
Impenetrable源于penetrate穿透,穿过——pin针——punish惩罚
60.6
The techniques now available to livestock(家畜) breeders(饲养者) will continue to be_______, but will probably be _______ by new ones under development.
(Refined精炼的,精确的,举止优雅的/ inconvenient/ used)
(Preserved保藏的/ supplemented增补,补遗/ uprooted根除)
第二空by new ones,只有supplemented符合,又因为But,所以一二空应该反向,所以,填used
55.4
One of archaeology’s central dilemmas(进退维谷) is how reconstruct the _______ of complex ancient societies from meager and often _______ physical evidence.
(Configurations构造,配置/ patterns样式/ intricacies)
(Irrefutable无可辩驳的/ equivocal/ flawless无暇的)
由于第一个空被of complex ancient societies修饰,所以应填complex的同义词,intricacies错综复杂。
第二空因为由and连接,所以meager 应与后面同为反向,equivocal 模糊的。= equi(平等)+-vocal(说话)七嘴八舌,模糊的
Intricate复杂,intrinsic 内在的,本质的,intro-在里面的
27.3
A human being is quite _______ creature, for the gloss(光泽,假象) of rationality(合理性) that covers his or her fears and _______ is thin and often easily breached(破坏).
(A logical/ a frail/ a valiant勇敢的)
(Problems/ insecurity/ morality道德)

第二空and,所以应与fears 同义,所以选insecurity不安全。
由句子意思,可知第一问应用a frail 脆弱的。
25.6
The results of experiments performed by Elizabeth Hazen and Rachel brown were_______ not only because these results challenged old assumptions but also because they called the _______ methodology(方法论) into question.
(Provocative刺激的,引起争论的/ predictable/ intriguing有趣的,迷人的)
(Original原始的,原创的/ projected投影的/ prevailing流行的,占优势的)

因为这个句子中not only…but also,并列同向,所以意思一致,old与第二个空对应,所以 original。由后半句可知,第一空应填provocative。
1.5
Even those who disagreed with Carmen’s views rarely faulted(挑剔,责难) her for expressing them, for the positions she took were as _______ as they were controversial.
(Complicated/ political/ subjective/ commonplace普通的)
29.6
He was regarded by his followers, as something of _______, not only because of his insistence on strict discipline, but also because of his _______ adherence(坚持) to formal details.
(An acolyte/ a martinet/ a tyrant暴君)
(Reluctant勉强的/ sporadic零星的,分散的/ rigid)
Not only… but also 是修饰第一个空的,所以应填martinet严格执行纪律的人,而不是tyrant暴君。
Not only… but also 是并列结构,所以第二个空应该与strict discipline 近义,所以rigid严肃的,严格的
Tyrant = tyre + ant 用轮胎碾碎蚂蚁,暴君
Sporadic源于spore孢子,源于spring春天,春天植物产生很多孢子,分散的,零星的
4.2
Sponsors(提案人) of the bill were _______ because there was no opposition to it within the legislature(立法机关) until after the measure had been signed into law.
(Unreliable/ well-intentioned好意的/ persistent持续的/relieved/ detained拘留,扣留)

没有反对,所以应是正向词,relieved放心的,舒口气的

4.8
Queen Elizabeth I has quite correctly been called a _____ of the arts, because many young artists received her patronage(赞助).
(Connoisseur行家,鉴赏家/ critic评论家/ friend/ scourge祸端)
因为是接收赞助,所以connoisseur,critic, scourge 都不行,所以选一个最简单的词——friend,friend其实还有赞助者的意思。Patronage = patr-(父亲) + on + age 赞助
5.4
Dramatic literature often _____ the history of a culture in that it takes as its subject matter the important events that have shaped and guided the culture.
(confound使惊慌,混淆/ repudiates否认/ recapitulates概述/ anticipates预期/ polarizes极化)
此句为宾语后置,the important events that have shaped and guided the culture为takes的宾语,因为in that 是因为的意思,所以前后应同向,所以只有recapitulate符合。
7.9
Linguists have now confirmed what experienced users of ASL-American Sign Language –have always implicitly(暗示的,含蓄的) known: ASL is a grammatically ____ language in that it is capable(有能力的) of expressing every possible syntactic(句法) relation.
(Limited / economical / complete/ shifting改变,移位/abstract)
此题后面的in that 说明前后方向应该是一样的,因为expressing every possible syntactic relation, 所以应该是填方向相同的complete。
Syntactic-sentence句法的;
economic经济的——economical节俭的,少的,惜墨如金的
11.2
Hydrogen(氢) is the ____ element of the universe in that it provides the building blocks from which the other elements are produced.
(Steadiest最稳定的/ expendable可消费的,值得消费的/ lightest/ final/ fundamental基本的,重要的/ essential必不可少的)

In that表示因果,所以后面的句子是修饰前面的空,所以可知是填fundamental/essential。
15.2
The well-trained engineer must understand fields as diverse as physics, economics, geology(地质学), and sociology; thus, an overly ____ engineering curriculum should be avoided.
(Narrow/ innovative革新创新的/ competitive/ rigorous/ academic/ limited)
因为有avoid,所以用负向的词语,所以narrow,limited。
15.9
The English novelist William Thackeray considered the cult(狂热,热爱) of the criminal so dangerous that he criticized Dickens’ Oliver Twist for making the characters in thethieves’ kitchen so _____ .
(Threating/riveting吸引人的/engrossing使人全神贯注的/conniving默许的/fearsome/Irritating气人的,刺激的)

因为cult of the criminal 是负向的,后面应与其对应,所以criticized 后面应是一个正向的词语,所以riveting和engrossing。
20.5     (变态题)
Broadway audiences have become inured(使习惯) to ____ and so ____ to be pleased as to make their ready ovations(热烈欢呼) meaningless as an indicator(指示) of the quality of the production before them.
(Cleverness聪明机灵/histrionics表演/mediocrity平庸)
(Desperate令人绝望的/unlikely/disinclined不愿的,勉强的)
Be desperate to do… 特别想做…,meaningless与第一空对应,所以选mediocrity
21.1
Although Johnson _____ great enthusiasm for his employees project, in reality his interest in the project was so ____ as to be almost non-existent.
(Generated/ demanded/ feigned)
(Preemptive优先购买的/ redundant多余的/ perfunctory敷衍的)
In reality表示前后相反,所以可知第一空与in reality 对应,填feigned,后面应该是负向的,与almost non-existent对应,填perfunctory 敷衍的
48.6
Documenting science’s _____ philosophy would be _____, since it is almost axiomatic(不证自明的) that many philosophers use scientific concepts as the foundations for their speculations(推测,思索,投机).
(Influence on/ reliance on/ difference from)
(Element/ superfluous过剩的,过多的/ difficult)
由后面的可知,科学是哲学的基础,所以只能influence on,后面一空与axiomatic 对应,所以正向词superfluous。
51.3
During period of social and cultural stability, many art academies are so firmly controlled by ______ that all real creative work must be done by the ______.
(Dogmatists教条主义者/ reformers改革者/ Impostors伪君子,骗子)
(Elite/ disenfranchised被剥夺权利的/ academicians)
因为稳定,所以第一空应为dogmatist,第二空应与第一空相反,所以应为没有权利的,所以为disenfranchised
Disenfranchised来源于dis-en-franchise, franch-french,其词源是free,所以不让自由的,即被剥夺权利的
7.8
Scholars’ (学者)sense of the uniqueness of the central concept of “the state” at the time when political science became an academic field quite naturally led to striving(斗争努力) for a correspondingly(一致的) _____ mode of study.
(Thorough彻底的/ distinctive与众不同的,有特色的/ dependable可靠的/ scientific科学的/ dynamic有活力的)
因为lead to 所以前后同向,所以空应与uniqueness 对应,所以选distinctive
8.4  
The disjunction(分离) between educational objectives that stress independence and individuality(个性,特质) and those that emphasize obedience(顺服,顺从) to rules and cooperation with others reflects a ____ that arises from the values on which these objectives are based.
(Conflict/ redundancy/ gain/ predictability/ wisdom)
因为disjunction是反向的,而且reflect表示前后一致,所以空应该填一个与disjunction反向的词语,所以应该填conflict。

12.3
The sheer(完全的) diversity of tropical(热带的) plants represents a seemingly _____ source of raw materials, of which only a few have been utilized(使用).
(Exploited开发的,开采的/ quantifiable/ controversial/ inexhaustible/ remarkable不寻常的,引人注目的/ infinite无限的,无穷的)
因为有represent,表示前后一致,所以应与sheer diversity 词义一致,所以应是quantified相当数量的/ inexhaustible用之不尽的/。
Diversity/ various 均表示数量和种类都多。
14.7
A misconception frequently held by novice(新手) writes is that sentence structure mirrors(反映) thoughts: the more convoluted(复杂) the structure, the more _____ the ideas.
(Complicated/ inconsequential不重要的/ elementary/ fanciful新颖独特的/ blatant喧哗的,炫耀的/ complex)
The more… the more… 表示的是前后一致,所以应是convoluted的近义词,所以应该是complicated和complex。
Convoluted来源,con-vol-uted, vol词源是roll,所以表示复杂,所以evolve 表示发展(滚着发展),volume表示卷,册。
14.10
Aptly enough, this work so imbued(充满) with the notion(观念,概念) of changing times and styles has been constantly _____ over the years, thereby reflecting its own mutability(易变性).
(Appreciated可感知的,可观的/ emulated模仿的,仿真的/ altered/ criticized/ revised改进的/ reprinted重印的,再版的)
由reflect可知前后一致。
Mutability来源,mut-mot表示可变的,mutant变异变种
Adapt使适合,源于appreciable
Adept专家,能手,源于expert
Adopt收养采用,源于option
1.3
The breathing spell provided by the _____ arms shipments should give all the combatants a chance to reevaluate(重新评估) their positions.
(Plethora of/ moratorium on延缓,暂停/ reciprocation of交换,往复/ concentration on/ development of)
2.4
Roman historians who study the period 30 B.C. to A.D. 180 can _____ the “August peace”only by failing to recognize that this peace in many respects resembled that of death.
(Decry谴责/ applaud/ ridicule嘲笑,奚落/ demand/ disprove错误,反驳)
Failing to 和后面的句子共同构成双重否定,only by 表前后一致,所以应该空应该填正向。
3.5
For centuries, animals have been used as _____ for people in experiments to assess the effects of therapeutic and other agents that might later be used in humans.
(Benefactors施善者,恩人/ companions/ examples/ precedents前例,先例/ surrogates代替品)
拓展:
Considerable 相当多的,值得考虑的;Considerate 体贴的,关心的
Compete 竞争;competent 有能力的,有竞争力的;competitive 竞争的,比赛的
Reason 理由;reasonable 合理的;reasoned 推理的,理性的
6.10
Without seeming unworldly(不谙世道的), William James appeared wholly(完全地) removed from the _____ of society, the conventionality(惯例,习俗) of academe.
(Ethos气质,精神特质/ idealism理想主义/ romance/ paradoxes似非而是,矛盾的/commonplace)
此处的without表虽然的意思,不表否定,所以从后面的the conventionality of academe 分析,为修饰removed from ______ ,所以应填commonplace,脱离寻常社会。
9.6
During the opera’s most famous aria the tempo(拍子) chosen by the orchestra’s conductor seemed _____,without necessary relation to what had gone before.
(Tedious/ melodious有旋律的,悦耳的/ capricious多变的/ compelling吸引人的/ cautious小心的,谨慎的)
因为后面的without necessary relation to what had gone before,可知,空应填负向词语,又因为修饰拍子,所以应该是capricious。
9.9
Some scientists argue that carbon compounds(复合物) play such a central role in life on earth because of the possibility of _____ resulting from the carbon atom’s ability to form an unending series of different molecules(分子).
(Diversity/ deviation偏离,背离/ variety/ reproduction繁殖,复制/ stability/ invigoration使生机勃勃,使充沛)
由resulting from 可知,后面的原因推出空的内容,后面两个关键词,series,different可知,数量和种类都多,所以空只能填表这两个意思的,所以diversity 和 variety多种多样。
Deviation来源,vi和way同源,所以deviation 表偏离,背离。
11.3
Psychology has slowly evolved into an _____ scientific discipline that now functions autonomously(自治的) with the same privileges and responsibilities as other sciences.
(Independent/unusual/outmoded/uncontrolled/inactive不活动的,懒散的)
因为that 后面的是修饰要填的词,所以注意一个关键词autonomously 填它的同义词即可,所以填independent
11.4
The sociologist responded to the charge that her new theory was ____ by pointing out that it did not in fact contradict accepted sociological principles.
(banal陈旧的 /heretical异端的 /unproven /complex /unorthodox非正统的 / superficial 肤浅的)
要填的空是修饰charge,by是修饰responded,所以by与空是反向的关系,因为by是not和contradict双重否定,所以空应该是反向的,所以heretical和unorthodox。
???  11.10
The self-important cant of musicologist on record jackets often suggests that true appreciation(欣赏,评定) of the music is an _____ process closed to the uninitiated(外行的,缺少经验的) listener, however enthusiastic.
(Unreliable/ arcane神秘的,秘密的/ arrogant傲慢的,自大的/ elementary基本的,初级的/ intuitive有直觉的)
Ark 诺亚方舟,anchor 船锚,arcane 神秘的
Arrogant 傲慢的,因为rog有权利的意思。
12.7
Edith Wharton sought in her memoir(回忆录) to present herself as having achieved a harmonious(和谐的) wholeness(全体,完全) by having _____ the conflicting elements of her life.
(Affirmed断言,证实/ reconciled调解,和解/ highlighted(强调,突出)/ resolved(使…分解,断然)/ identified(认出,识别)/ confined )
因为句子中出现by,前后的方向一致,后面应该正向,空应填反向词语,所以应选reconciled, resolved
13.2
By divesting(剥夺,使脱去) himself of all regalities(王国,王位), the former king ______ the consideration that customarily(通常,习惯上) protects monarch(君王,帝王).
(Merited值得,应受报答/ forfeited/ debased降低,贬低/ concealed隐藏,隐瞒/ relinquished放弃,放手/ extend/)

此处的by 表示通过…样的手段,所以前后应该同义词,所以后半句应为forfeited,relinquished。
别克轿车“君威”——regal
13.10
Any language is a conspiracy(阴谋) against experience in the sense that it is a collective(集体的,共同的) attempt to ______ experience by reducing it into discrete(分离的) parcels(包裹).
(Extrapolate推断/ transcribe抄写,誊写/ complicate/ amplify/ manage)

By前后一致,所以空出应该填reducing it into discrete parcels 的同向,所以应该填一个反向词,所以manage操控。

19.3
Yellow fever, the disease that killed 4000 Philadelphians in 1973,and so ______ Memphis, Tennessee, that the city lost its charter(执照,宪章), has reappeared after nearly two decades in ______ in the western Hemisphere.
(Decimated杀死或毁灭/ terrorized使恐怖,胁迫/ corrupted堕落,腐败/)
(Abeyance/ secret/ quarantine检疫期)

因为and 前后应为同向,所以and so _____ ,此处应该是kill的同向或者同义词,所以选decimated, 第二个空,有句意可知,应为abeyance 暂停,停止。
23.5
The _____ questions that consistently structure(组织,安排) the study of history must be distinguished from merely _____ questions, which have their day and then pass into oblivion(遗忘,忘却).
(Instinctive天生的,直觉的/ philosophical哲学的/ perennial持久的,长期的)
(Discriminating有识别能力的/ random任意的/ ephemeral短暂的)

因为which修饰的是第二个空,所以很快被忘却的是ephemeral 短暂的,因为前面有一个distinguished from 所以又要相反,所以第一个空与第二个空反义,所以应是perennial 持久的,长期的。
29.9
The valedictory(告别的,离开的) address, as it developed in American colleges and universities over the years, has become a very strict form, a literary ______ that permits very little _____.
(Genre文学体裁,风格/ feature特征,特色/ achievement)
(Deviation偏离,背离/ rigidity/ grandiloquence夸张的)

告别演说形成一个固定的形式,所以填literary genre ,第二个空在little后面,所以应该是反向的,所以应该是反向的,deviation。
Valedictory 告别,vale-再见,farewell——vale ;dic-doc-dog都是说的意思。
58.2
By idiosyncratically refusing to dismiss an insubordinate(不服从的,违抗的) member of his staff, the manager not only ______ established policy, but he also ______ his heretofore(在此之前) good chances for promotion.
(Instituted建立,制定/ contravened取消,违反/ delimited限制/)
(Bettered/ protected/ jeopardized危及,损害)

By 前后的句子应该同向,因为refusing to dismiss an insubordinate member ,所以第一个空应该是contravened, 后面是but also,并列是同向,所以第二个空也应该是负向的,所以填jeopardized
60.4
Unlike the easily studied neutral(中性的) and ionized(使电离,使成离子) _____ that compose the primary disk of the Milky Way(银河) itself, the components of the _____ surrounding our galaxy(银河系) have proved more resistant(有抵抗力的) to study.
(Material/ calculations/ figments臆造、虚构的事)
(Fluctuations起伏,波动/ region区域,地区/ problems)

因为unlike,所以逗号前后表示的是反义,第一个空被后面的that从句修饰,所以应该填一个compose的主语,所以应该是material,所以第二个空应该是region。
1.4
The proponents of recombinant DNA research have decided to _____ federal regulation of their work; they hope that by making this compromise they can forestall proposed state and local controls that might be even stiffer.
(Protest/ institute/ deny/ encourage/ disregard)

因为后面的making this compromise they can forestall proposed state and local controls 可知,前面应该是制定一个federal regulation ,所以应填institute。
1.10
The eradication of pollution is not merely a matter of _____, though the majestic beauty of nature is indeed an important consideration.
(Economics/ legislation法律法规/ cleanliness清洁/ aesthetics/ restoration)

因为though 让步,前后反向,因为后面是自然的美化是一个很重要的事,前面应该是不仅仅是一个____ ,可知应该填美化额近义词,所以应该是aesthetics。
3.8
Rumors, embroidered(绣花,刺绣) with detail, live on for years, neither denied nor confirmed, until they become accepted as fact even among people notknown for their ______.
(Insight/ obstinacy固执,顽固/ introspection反省,内省/ tolerance/ credulity轻信,易受骗)

2.8
Word order in a sentence was much freer in old French than it is in French today, this _____ disappeared as the French gradually lost its case distinctions.
(Restriction/ license/ similarity/ rigidity/ imperative必要的,紧急的)


License 这里是指不拘一格的行文方法。
19.6
Though extremely ______ about his own plans, the man allowed his associates no such privacy(独处,隐居) and was constantly _____ information about what they intended to do next.
(Candid耿直的,直率的/ idiosyncratic特殊的,异质的/ reticent有保留的)
(Soliciting恳求,乞求/ altering/ eschewing避开,回避)

Though表示让步,所以前后应该反向,后面是不让同时独居,所以前面应该是reticent有保留的,and表承接,所以应该是索求,恳求,所以应该是solicit
19.8
No longer ______ by the belief that the world around us was expressly(清楚的,明显的)designed for humanity, many people try to find intellectual ______ for that lost certainty in astrology(占星术) and in mysticism.
(Sustained/ restricted/ hampered妨碍,束缚)
(Reasons/ substitutes代替,替换/ justifications理由,辩护)

因为后面是belief,所以第一空应该是正向的词语sustained,no longer表示顺承的关系,所以应该是substitutes。
19.10
Many of the earliest colonial houses that are still standing have been so modified(改良的,修改的) and enlarged that the ______ design is no longer ______.
(Embellished美化的,装饰的/ initial/ appropriate适当的,恰当的)
(Discernible可辨别的,可识别的/ applicable/ attractive)

因为前面有so modified and enlarged that, 所以后面应该是原始的设计不再能识别。所以应填initial和discernible
20.1
Social tensions among adults factions can be _____ by politics, but adolescents and children have no such _____ for resolving their conflict with the exclusive world of adults.
(Intensified加强,使加剧/ frustrated/ adjusted调整,使适应)
(Attitude/ mechanism构造,办法,技巧,途径/ justification理由,辩护)

由for 后面的句子,可知第一空应该是正向词,所以应该是adjusted调整,第二空被后面的修饰,所以填的应该是一个途径,方法。所以应该是mechanism构造,方法。
9.2
Heavily perfumed(香味,芳香) white flowers, such as gardenias, were favorites with collectors in the eighteenth century, when______ was valued much more highly than it is today.
(Scent香气,香味/ fragrance芳香,香味/ beauty/ elegance/ color/ variety)

一看可知,空应填perfumed的同义词,所以选scent 和 fragrance。
知识拓展:
Illusion 错觉,幻想 → illustrate阐明,说明——signification意义,表示
Doubt/ suspect均表示怀疑
Doubt 通常表示的是don’t think,而suspect表示的是think
行星与西方神话
Mercury 水星,源于罗马神话Mercury众神的信使(希腊神话里的Hermes),跑得快。水星也是公转周期最短,同时mercury还表示“水银,汞”的意思,merc- 表示金属,商业,例如:merchant 商人,commerce 商业;cury表示流动性的意思,比如current水流,气流,趋势。
Venus 金星,希腊神话里的Venus,罗马神话里的Aphrodite, 是性爱之神,爱神,她的儿子是希腊神话里的Cupid,罗马神话里的Eros, 也是性爱之神,爱上了凡间女子Psyche。所以erotic色情的,性欲的
Earth 地球,罗马神话里的Gaea, 由此可以推出很多前缀,例如geography 地理,geometry——geo-metry(metre)几何学
Mar 火星,罗马神话里的战神Ares
Jupiter 木星,罗马神话里的Jupiter,希腊神话里的Zeus宙斯
Saturn 土星,罗马神话里的Cronus 农业之神
Neptune 海王星,罗马神话里的Poseidon 海神
Pluto 冥王星,罗马神话里的Hades

Chaos 希腊神话里的最古老的神,他造了Gaea,然后Gaea生下来了儿子Uranus,Gaea和Uranus结婚生下了12个神,但是Gaea和Uranus 不合,Gaea问12个子女谁愿意杀了Uranus做主神,11个神往后退了一步,最小的儿子太阳神Titan去杀Uranus,结果挥剑砍掉了Uranus的生殖器,生殖器成了Venus,所以是性爱之神,Uranus痛的分开了天地(类似盘古开天),后来Titan娶了自己的姐姐Rhea,生下来五个孩子,其中有宙斯Zeus,农业之神Demeter,他们姐弟俩结婚生下了Persephone,后来被宙斯的兄弟,冥王Hades抢走,做了冥后,Zeus 问Hades索要爱女,Hades答应让Persephone半年回家一次,因为Demeter不舍,让女儿多在家三个月,在这九个月中种植世间万物,另外三个月毫无生机,便有了四季。
43.6
The development of containers, possibly made from bark(吠叫) or the skins of animals, although this is a matter of ______, allowed the extensive(大量的) sharing of forage(搜寻食物) foods in prehistoric(史前的) human societies.
(Record/ fact/ degree/ importance/ conjecture推测,猜想)

此处因为有possibly,所以后面的都是推测的内容,所以不能填record/ fact/ degree/importance,只能是conjecture。
49.4
Longdale and Stern discovered that mitochondria(线粒体) and chloroplasts(叶绿体)_____ a long, identifiable sequence of DNA; such a coincidence could be ______ only by the transfer of DNA between the two systems.
(Manufacture制造,捏造/ reveal泄露,透漏/ share)
(Accomplished/ explained/ repeated)

由后面的between the two systems 可知,第一空应该是share,后面一空可以根据coincide来推断,巧合不能是完成,也不能重现,最适合的就是解释explain。
51.1
People should not be praised for their virtue if they lack the energy to be _____; in such cases, goodness is merely the effects of _____.
(Cruel残酷的/ wicked邪恶的,恶劣的/ magnanimous宽宏大量的)
(Effortlessness不费力的/ indolence懒惰的/ impiety不敬的)

前面是should not be praised for their virtue, 后面应该是正向的,所以lack后面应该是负向的词语,所以应该是wicked。第二空对应的是第一空,所以根据意思要填indolence。
1.9
Their _____ of loyalties is first to oneself, next to kin, then to fellow tribe members, and finally to compatriots.
(Merging吞没,合并/ hierarchy等级制度/ definition/ judgment/ cognizance)

这道题,很显然的等级关系,所以选hierarchy。
2.2
Thomas Paine, whose political writing was often flamboyant(浮夸的,炫耀的), was in private life a surprisingly _____ man: He lived in rented room, ate little, and wore drab(单调的) clothes.
(Simple/controversial/sordid肮脏的,污秽的/ comfortable安逸的,舒服的/discourteous粗鲁的,无礼的)

因为political和private是对立的,所以后面应该是flamboyant 的反义词,所以应该是simple
43.7
Contrary to the popular conception that it is powered by conscious objectivity, science often operates through error, happy accidents, ______ and persistence in spite of mistakes.
(Facts/ controls/ hunches预感,直觉/ deductions推演,推理/ calculations)

因为前面有contrary to 所以,后面空里的词语应该与conscious objectivity 相反,或者与空前后的词语的方向一致,所以应该填hunches 直觉,预感,都是一种不确定的因素。
25.4
Famous among job seekers for its _____, the company, quite apart from generous salaries, bestowed on its executives(主管,行政人员) annual bonuses and such _____ as low-interested home mortgages(抵押借款) and company cars.
(Magnanimity精神物质均宽宏大量的/ largesse慷慨给予财物/ altruism)
(Reparations赔款,补偿/ appropriation拨款,挪用/ perquisites额外收入,津贴)

因为第一空后面的句子中提到的都是物质的慷慨付出,没有提到精神,所以第一空只能填largesse 慷慨的给予财物。第二空后面的均是福利或者津贴,所以只能填perquisites。
1.8
Though feminist in its implications(牵连,暗示), Yvonne Rainer’s 1974 film _____ the filmmaker’s active involvement in feminist politics.
(Preserved保护,维持/ portrayed/ encouraged/ renewed/ antedated先于,早于)

因为开头有though,所以前后反向或者反义,后main应该是没有暗示或牵连,所以只能填antedated 表示先于,早于。
6.7
Winsor McCay, the cartoonist, could draw with incredible _____: his comic strip about Little Nemo was characterized by marvelous(奇异,奇迹的) draftsmanship and sequencing(按顺序排列的).
(Sincerity/ efficiency/ virtuosity精湛技巧/ rapidity迅速,急速/ energy)

由后面的marvelous可知,空应填一个正向的词语,所以virtuosity技巧精湛
17.6
The fortresslike(要塞的,城堡的) facade(正面,假象,外观) of the Museum of Cartoon Art seems calculated to remind visitors that the comic strip is an art from that has often been _____ by critics.
(Charmed喜悦的,着迷的/ assailed攻击,猛击/ unnoticed未察觉的/ railed责备,辱骂/ exhilarated使高兴,使兴奋/ overwhelmed压倒,制服,打败)

后面的by critics 说明填空是critics的宾语,所以可以断定是assailed或者railed,前面的fortresslike 也可以提示。
19.7
Ironically(嘲讽的,讽刺的), the party leaders encountered no greater ______ their efforts to build a progressive(有进展的,不断前进的) party than the ______ of the progressives already elected to the legislature(立法机关,立法机构).
(Benefit from/ obstacle to/ praise for)
(Success/ reputation/ resistance抵抗,反抗)

因为前面有ironically,并且有 no greater… than后面应该是负向词语,所以应该是负向的词语,所以第二个空应该是resistance,所以第一个空也应该是负向的,两者进行比较,所以应该是obstacle to
24.5
In a most impressive demonstration, Pavarotti sailed through Verdi’s “Celeste Aida,”normally a tenor’s _____, with the casual enthusiasm of a folk singer performing one of his favorite _____.
(Nightmare/ delight使人高兴/ routine例行的,常规的)
(Ballads民谣,歌谣/ chorales唱诗班,赞美诗/ recitals独唱会,独奏会)

此处的sail though 意思是轻松突破,后面是normally a tenor’s 应该是负向词语,所以应该是nightmare,后面的根据意思只能是ballads民谣,歌谣。
25.1
Although skeptics say financial problems will probably ______ our establishing a base on the Moon, supporters of the project remain ______, saying that human curiosity should overcome such pragmatic constraints.
(Disabuse打消错误念头,更正/ hasten加速,催促/ prevent预防,阻止)
(Pessimistic悲观主义的/ enthusiastic热心的,极大热情的/ unconvinced不信服的)

Skeptics对应第一空,所以应该是一个负向的词语,所以应该是prevent,supporters对应第二空,所以应该是正向词语enthusiastic。
52.4
Clearly refuting skeptic, researchers have _____ not only that gravitational radiation exists but that it also does exactly theory _____ it should do.
(Assumed猜想,臆断/ demonstrated/ estimated)
(Accepted/ repudiated否认,否定/ predicted预知,预报)

因为开头refuting skeptic 所以后面应该是正向的词语,又因为后面是exist,所以应该是demonstrated,后面是一层递进的关系,所以应该是predicted。
58.3
It is _____ for a government to fail to do whatever it can to eliminate a totally ______ disease.
(Irresponsible/ crucial决定性的/ instinctive天生直觉的)
(Innocuous无害的/ preventable/ insignificant无关紧要的)

Totally后面一般跟的都是正向的词语,所以填preventable可预防的,可阻止的。因为fail to 所以前面应该是正向的词语,所以应该是irresponsible。
2.1
The corporation expects only _____ increases in sales next year despite a yearlong effort to retrieve(恢复,挽回) its retailing(零售业) business.
(Unquestionable/ sequential按次序的,相继的/ modest谦虚的,适度的/ exaggerated/groundless无理由的,无根据的)

通常only后面都是跟程度较浅的词语,而且后面还有despite尽管,所以空应该填一个程度轻的词语,所以填modest谦虚的,适度的
15.1
Because they had expected the spacecraft Voyager2 to be able to gather data only about the planets Jupiter and Saturn, scientists were ______ the wealth of information it sent back from Neptune years after leaving Earth.
(Anxious for/ confident in/ thrilled about高兴,欣喜/ keen on渴望/ elated by高兴,得意/ eager for)

前面是希望能够采集到Jupiter和Saturn的数据,但是后面说从Neptune回来,所以应该是超出预期的,所以应该是thrilling about 和elated by。
22.7
In failing to see that justices pronouncement merely ______ previous decisions rather than actually establishing a precedent, the novice(新手,初学者) law clerk _______ the scope of the justices judgment.
(Neglected/ overturned/ qualified)
(Overemphasized过分强调的/ nullified使抵消,使无效/ underplay淡化重要性)

因为merely后面应该跟程度轻的词语,所以应该是qualified,第二空应该对应的是逗号前面的那句话,actually establishing 对应应该是overemphasized过分强调的。
2.5
Under ethical(伦理的,道德的) guideline(准则) recently adopted(收养,采用) by the national institutes of health, human genes are to be manipulated only to correct disease for which _____ treatments are unsatisfactory.
(Similar/ most/ dangerous/ uncommon/ alternative)

Only to correct disease 后面应该是一个窄范围的疾病,又因为有unsatisfactory 所以,可以确定是alternative非传统的,可供选择的。
55.6
The trick for Michael was to _____ his son an illusory(虚幻的) orderliness(秩序井然,整洁); only alone at night, when the boy was asleep, could Michael _____ the chaos he kept hidden from his son.
(Explore with/ conjure for变魔术般,使出现/ demystify for使非神秘化)
(Acknowledge/ dissipate驱散,消失/ escape)

由only alone at night 可知前后是对比反差,因为后面是chaos he kept hidden from his son,所以前面应该是故作镇定,所以应该是正向的,所以应该是conjure for,后面也是正向词语,应是acknowledge。
20.8
The old man could not have been accused of _____ his affection(爱,喜爱); His conduct toward the child betrayed his _____ her.
(Promising/ stinting节省,限制,吝惜/ lavishing过分浪费的,太多的)
(Adoration of爱慕,崇拜/ sympathy for同情/ tolerance of)

这句话里的betray是指表明的意思,前面一句是指不应该被控诉,应该是填stinting,
后面应该是sympathy of。
51.5
In eight-century Japan, people who _____ wasteland were rewarded with official ranks as part of an effort to overcome the shortage of _____ fields.
(Conserved保护,保存的/ reclaimed收回,开垦/ irrigated灌溉,冲洗)
(Arable适合耕种的/ domestic本国的,国内的/ forested森林的)

读懂意思即可选出第二空,可耕地的短缺,所以arable,第一空注意区分reclaimed和irrigated 的区别,一个是开垦,一个是灌溉,所以应填reclaim。
54.2
The ______ with which the French aristocracy greeted the middle-class Rousseau was all the more ______ because he showed so little respect for them.
(Suspicion怀疑,嫌疑/ deference听从,顺从/ reserve保留,保持,拘谨)
(Remarkable异常的,引人注目的/ uncanny超人的,不寻常的,超越自然的/ deserved)

由后面的because 可知,前面应该是一个uncanny,超乎寻常的;all the more=very

54.5
Unfortunately, since courses in nutrition are often ______ medical school curriculums, a family physician(内科医生,医生) is ______ to be an enlightening source of general information about diet(日常饮食).
(Encountered among/ squeezed into挤进/ neglected in疏忽,遗漏)
(Expected/ unlikely/ intended)

因为开头是unfortunately所以,后面应该不好的方面,所以应填负向词语,所以填neglected in 所以,后面顺接,所以填否定词,所以是unlikely。
2.6
In contrast(对比,对照) to the substantial muscular activity required for inhalation(吸入), exhalation(呼出) is usually a ______ process.
(Slow/ passive/ precise精确的,精细的/ complex/ conscious知道的,注意到的)

因为开头是in contrast to, 所以前后应该反向,全面是需要吸入,是主动的过程,所以后面就应该是被动的过程,所以只能是passive。
6.5
Unlike many recent interpretations of Beethoven’s piano sonatas, the recitalist’s(独唱者,独奏者) performance was a delightfully(令人喜欢的) free and introspective(内省,反省) one; Nevertheless, it was also, seemingly paradoxically, quite ______.
(Appealing有魅力的,上诉的/ exuberant兴高采烈的/ idiosyncratic独特的,异质的/ unskilled不熟练的/ controlled)
这道题的重点在于前后的反向,因为有nevertheless,所以转折,delightfully free and introspective 和paradoxically, quite _______ 相反,所以后面应该是free的反义,所以应该是controlled。
10.8
Far from viewing Jefferson as a skeptical but enlightened intellectual, historians of the 1960’s portrayed him as ______ thinker, eager to fill the young with his political orthodoxy while censoring(检查,审查) ideas he did not like.
(An adventurous爱冒险的/ a doctrinaire教条主义的/ an eclectic折中的/ a dictatorial独裁的/ a judicious明智的,明断的/ a cynical怀疑的,愤世嫉俗的)

由far from可知,后面应该与前面的相反,因为前面是skeptical,而且从eager to 后面也可以看出来,填空的地方应该是负向的词语,所以应该是填a doctrinaire 和 a dictatorial 。
10.9
Rather than enhancing a country’s security, the successful development of nuclear weapons could serve at first to increase that country’s _______.
(Boldness显著,冒失,大胆/ influence/ fragility脆,易碎/ responsibility责任/ moderation自我节制,缓和减轻/ vulnerability弱点,易损性)

因为rather than 所以应该是两个比较相对的概念,因为前面是enhancing a country’s security 后面应该是相反的概念,所以最好填fragile 和vulnerability。
11.6
The paradoxical aspect of the myths about Demeter, when we consider the predominant(占主导地位的,显著的) image of her as a tranquil(安静的,平静的) and serene goddess, is her _____ search for her daughter.
(Extended/ agitated焦虑不安的/ frantic发狂的,匆忙的/ comprehensive/ motiveless/ heartless无情的,狠心的)

前面因为有paradoxical aspect,注定是一个对比的考察,所以predominant是主要的,显著的,应该和后面的特殊情况发生对比,所以应该是与serene反向,所以应该是
Agitated和frantic。
12.2
Many artists believe that successful imitation(模仿), far from being symptomatic(征兆的,有症状的) of a lack of ______, is the first step in learning to be creative.
(Elegance/ resolution决定,决心,解决/ goodness良好,善良/ originality/ sympathy/ imagination)

两个逗号之间的部分,是修饰的第一句话,所以应该对应imitation,所以应是lack of originality或者是imagination。
13.8
Paradoxically, Robinson’s excessive(过度的,过分的) denials(否认,拒绝) of the worth of early works of science fiction suggest that she has become quite ______ them.
(Enchanted by使欣喜,心醉/ enamored of迷恋的,热爱的/ skeptical of/ encourage by/ offended by冒犯,使反感/ reflective about)

也是因为,开头有paradoxically,所以后面肯定是一个自相矛盾的观点,所以因为是excessive denials 所以后面肯定是反义的,所以应该是enchanted by 或者enamored of 。
18.2
Contrary to the antiquated(过时的,陈旧的) idea that the eighteenth century was a ______ island of elegant assurance, evidence reveals that life for most people was filled with uncertainty and insecurity.
(Clannish自成一派的,排外的/ serene/ declining下滑的,倾斜的/ tranquil安静的,平静的/ recognized/sprawling蔓生的,不规则的伸展的)

因为that后面修饰的是过时的想法,应该与逗号后面的相反,所以应该是serene和tranquil。
18.10
Because the report contained much more information than the reviewers needed to see, the author was asked to submit a(n)______ instead.
(Abstract/ compendium摘要,纲要/ soliloquy戏剧中的独白/ treatise专题论文,专著/ prerequisite先决条件,前提/critique评论文章,评论)

因为是more than information,而且后面是submit,所以后面应该是概括或者总结的东西,所以应该是abstract或者compendium。
20.7
It is ironic(冷嘲热讽的) that a critic of such overwhelming vanity(虚荣,自大) now suffers from a measure the oblivion(遗忘,忘却) to which he was forever _______ others, in the end, all his ______ has only worked against him.
(Consigning交付,委托/ relegating使降级,归入,提交 condemning谴责,责备,判罪)
(Self-adulation自我欣赏/ self-sacrifice自我牺牲/ self-analysis自我分析)

开头的it is ironic that 可知,后面也是对比,critic now suffer a measure the oblivion to which he was forever ______ others,可知,也应该是一直给别人的,所以应该是consigning。后面一空,应该是一个负面的词语,所以应该是self-adulation。
21.8
Having fully embraced the belief that government by persuasion is preferable togovernment by ______, the leaders of the movement have recently ______ most of their previous statements supporting totalitarianism(极权主义).
(Coercion强迫,强制/ participation分享,参与/ demonstration证明)
(Issued出版,发表,分配/ deliberated研讨,商讨/ repudiated否认,否定)

因为有preferable to 所以有前后比较,所以第一个空应该是与persuasion比较,所以应该是相对概念的coercion。第二空因为有recently和previous,所以有现在和过去的对比,所以应该填负向词语,所以应该是repudiated。
22.9
Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations (1776) is still worth reading, more to appreciate the current _______ of Smiths valid(正当的,有充分依据的) contributions to economics than see those contributions as the _______ of present-day economics.
(Disregard/ presumptuousness专横的,自以为是的/ relevance适当,关联,中肯)
(Outgrowth自然结果/ precursors先驱,先行者/ vestiges残余部分,遗迹,痕迹)

因为有more…than…,所以亚当斯密的国富论比现在的好,多以前面的应该是正向的词语,所以只能填relevance,后一空应该填与present-day economics有关的,同向的,都表示向前的方向,所以填precursors。
26.2
Although scientists claim that the seemingly ______ language of their reports is more precise(精确的,精准的) than the figurative(形象的,比喻的) language of fiction, the language of science, like all language, is inherently(固有的,内在的) ______.
(Ornamental装饰的,装饰用的/ subjective/ literal字面上的)
(Allusive暗指,简介提到/ unintelligible难懂的,不能理解的/ complex)

Although表让步,前后应是反向,所以第一空和后面的inherently 反义,所以应该填literal,因为前面说的是比小说的比喻准确,后面反义应该也有比喻的东西,所以allusive。
27.4
The popularity of pseudoscience(伪科学) and quack(庸医) medicines in the nineteenth century suggests that people were very ______, but the gullibility(易受骗,轻信) of the public today makes citizens of yesterday look like hard-nosed(顽强的,嗅觉不灵敏的) _____.
(Sophisticated老练的,老于世故的/ rational理性的,理智的/ credulous轻信的易受骗的)
(Pragmatists实用主义/ idealists理想主义,唯心主义/ skeptics怀疑)

前一空很容易被确定,the popularity of pseudoscience and quack medicine,说明后面的that People were very credulous。因为后面有but,所以后一空应该是前面的反向,所以应该是credulous的反义,所以应该是skeptics。
28.2
The success of science is due in great part to its emphasis on ______: the reliance on evidence rather than ______ and the willingness to draw conclusions even when they conflict with traditional beliefs.
(Conservatism保守主义/ creativity/ objectivity客观性,客观)
(Facts/ preconceptions事先形成的观点或者思想/ empiricism经验主义,经验论)

Rather than 后面应该是否定的含义,所以与 reliance on evidence相对的是empiricism经验主义。前一空因为依赖证据很重要,所以应该是objectivity主观性。
46.7
Before the Second World War, academics still questioned whether the body of literatureproduced in the United State truly constituted a ______ literature, or whether such literature was only a provincial branch of English literature.
(Local/ national/ historical/ good/ meaningful)

Whether…or…前后应该是对比的,因为or后面的是provincial branch of English literature 所以前面的应该是national literature。
46.8
The sea was not an ______ the diffusion(散布,弥漫) of the windmill(风车); on the contrary, while the concept of the new invention passed quickly from seaport(海港) to seaport, it made little headway(进展,进步) inland(内地的,内陆的).
(Element in/ issue in/ aid to/ obstacle to/ promotion of)

因为后面说的是风车在海港发展迅速,内地发展缓慢,所以前面应该是障碍,所以应该是obstacle to。
56.1
Literature is inevitably(必然地,不可避免地) a _____ rather than _____ medium for the simple reason that writers interpose their own vision between the reader and reality.
(Colorful/ distorting/ transparent)
(A neural/ an opaque晦涩的,不透明的,难懂的/ a drab土褐色,单调,乏味)

因为for 后面的句子修饰的是第一个空,所以第一个空应该是一个反向的词语distorting,后面应该是一个与distorting反义或者反向的词语,所以应该是a neural 中立的。
1.6
Until the current warming trend exceeds(超过,超越) the range of normal climatic fluctuations, there will be, among scientists, considerable ______ the possibility that increasing levels of atmospheric CO2 can cause long-term warming effects.
(Interest in/ uncertainty about/ enthusiasm for/ worry about/ experimentation on)

因为是possibility所以前面应该对应,所以应该是一种不确定的情况,所以应该是uncertainty about。
1.7
Current data suggest that, although _____ states between fear and aggression(侵略,挑衅) exist, fear and aggression are as distinct(不同的,明显的) physiologically(生理地) as they are psychologically.
(Simultaneous同时发生的,同时存在的/ serious/ exceptional优秀的,卓越的/ partial/ transitional变迁的,过渡的)

因为逗号后面的是fear 和aggression不同,所以前面应该是反向的西域,所以应该是simultaneous。
2.7
The labor union and the company's management, despite their long history of unfailingly acerbic disagreement on nearly every issue, have nevertheless reached an unexpectedly _____, albeit still tentative(暂定的,尝试性的), agreement on next year’s contract.
(Swift/ onerous/ hesitant/ reluctant/ conclusive)

此处的空修饰的是后面的agreement,所以找对应关系,despite后面和nevertheless后面的有对应关系,tentative和long history 对应,所以unfailingly 对应的应该是
Swift。


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