大家论坛

 找回密码
 注册
查看: 4065|回复: 3

[专业科目] 对外经贸 MTI (stylistic problem 文体错误)

[复制链接]

1

主题

9

帖子

188

金币

大家网小学三年级

Rank: 4Rank: 4

积分
133
发表于 2013-1-11 17:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
都是自己搜集整理总结,一个字一个字打的,如有错误请留言。

首先注意一点,这种类型的句子订正很容易,难就难在发现错误。

1: run on sentence
两个独立完整的单句之间没有用连词或正确的标点进行连接。这种句子至少有两部分,每部分可独立成句。
1)两个独立的句子连在一起,中间并没有任何标点符号;
2)两个独立的句子中间仅用逗号分开---comma splice;
3)把连接副词误用为连词。
例1:she continued teaching,however her heart was not in it.
正:把逗号改分号或句号,因为however是连接副词。
例2:he disliked discipline, that is,he really was lazy.
正:把逗号改分号或句号。

2, comma splice
两个独立句子中间仅用逗号分开。
若要用逗号连接独立句子,逗号需要和连词(and,but,for,not,yet,ot,so)一起用。
例1: getting married is easy, staying married is a different matter.
正1:逗号改句号或分号
正2:加连接词,逗号后加but
正3:加关系词,逗号改成although

3,sentence fragment
残缺句,句子残缺不完整,未完成或只是完整句子的一部分。
注意:完整的句子1:contain at least one main or dependent clause,and/or2:contain at least one main subject and one main verb.
1)把从句当成完整的句子
2)句子缺主语或动词
例1:for example,the increase in the cost of renting an apartment.
问题:没主语
正: for example,the cost of renting an apartment has increased.
例2:having no money and being lonely in the big city.
问题: 这是一个分词短语,没有主语或动词
正1:she had no money and was lonely in the big city.
正2:having no money and being lonely in the city,the woman committed suicides.
例3:many people who get married before they are mature enough.
问题:这是一个从句
正:many people get married before they are mature enough.

4,choppy sentence
过度使用简单句,无条理。订正方法:加逗号或连词,or改成并列句或复杂句。
正1:money can buy a bed,but it cannot buy a good night's sleep.改成并列复合句
正2:money can buy a bed but not a good night's sleep.删去代词

5,stringy sentences
多介绍一种,以防万一。this is a sentence,forming one very long sentence. The result is a sentence that seem endless.
例:Many students attend classes all morning and they work all afternoon and then they have to study at night so they are usually exhausted by the weekend.
正1:many students attend classes all morning and work all afternoon.Then,they have to study at night.As a result,they are usually exhausted by the weekend.
正2:many students after they attend classes all morning,also work in the afternoon.Because they also have to study at night,they are usually exhausted by the weekend.

最后:
不同词性后面所接的结构是很不同的
1)副词只能表达语气,不能改变句子原有结构
2)连词可以连接句子,起到连贯的效果
3)介词后接名词性短语

并列句用连词连接(并列关系):and,or,but,so,yet,nor,for,moreover,otherwise,however,therefore
复杂句用关系连词连接(从属关系):who,which,when,although,because,since,if,as
回复

使用道具 举报

4

主题

71

帖子

2071

金币

大家网大学二年级

Rank: 15Rank: 15Rank: 15

积分
1687

BEC H专业英语四级专业英语八级

发表于 2013-1-12 12:20 | 显示全部楼层
这是前两年基英的题目 今年此题型没考 还是很简单的 可要是没复习过可就惨了
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

0

主题

2

帖子

25

金币

大家网小学一年级

Rank: 2Rank: 2

积分
44
发表于 2015-3-2 19:11 | 显示全部楼层
好好学习了一番,希望有帮助啊
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

0

主题

2

帖子

8

金币

大家网小学一年级

Rank: 2Rank: 2

积分
30
发表于 2018-7-8 17:03 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主
回复 支持 反对

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册

本版积分规则



诚聘英才|移动端|Archiver|版权声明|大家论坛 ( 京ICP备06071611号,京公网安备11010802018363号 )

GMT+8, 2018-9-24 03:50 , Processed in 0.226606 second(s), 26 queries .

Powered by Discuz!

© Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表