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[词汇资料] 诊断学词汇

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大家网研究生二年级

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发表于 2009-5-27 11:42 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
abdomenal wall reflex腹壁反射
abdominal pain腹痛
abdominal retraction腹部凹陷
abdominal wall varicosis腹壁静脉曲张
absolute refractory period绝对不应期
absorption fever吸收热
accommodation reflex调节反射
achilles jerk跟腱反射
aching pain酸痛
acrocephalosyndactyly尖颅并指(趾)畸形
acromegaly肢端肥大症
acromegaly facies肢端肥大症面容
acropachy杵状指
active position自主体位
acute abdomen急腹症
acute appendicitis急性阑尾炎
acute peritonitis急性腹膜炎
Adams-Stokes syndrome亚-斯二氏综合征
Addison's disease阿狄森氏病
adolescent spurt青春急激成长
adventitious sound附加音
age年龄
albinism白化症
alternate motion轮替动作
alternative position辗转体位
alveolar ventilation, VA肺泡通气量
alveolar ventilation, VA肺泡通气量
amphorophony空瓮音
analgia痛觉,缺失
ankle clonus踝阵挛
anterior axillary line腋前线
anterior midline前正中线
aortic insufficiency主动脉瓣关闭不全
aortic stenosis全动脉瓣狭窄
Apert's syndrome阿佩尔氏综合征
apical belly尖腹
apical impulse心尖搏动
arcus senilis老年环
areola乳晕
arrhythmia心律失常
arthresthesia关节觉
articulatio关节
articulus关节
ascites腹水
asthenic type无力型(瘦长型)
ataxia共济失调
ataxic gait共济失调步态
athetosis手足徐动
atrial fibrillation心房颤动
atrial fibrillation房颤
atrial flutter心房扑动
atrial gallop房性奔马律
audition听力
auricle耳廓
auriculo-ventricular block, AVB房室传导阻滞
auscultation听诊
Austin Flint murmur奥斯汀.弗林特氏杂音
axillary fossa腋窝
Babinski sign巴宾斯基征
bacteria pyrogen细菌性致热原
ballottement冲击触诊法
barrel chest桶状胸
basal lung capacity基础肺容量
basal lung volume基础肺容积
beefy tongue牛肉舌
belching反酸、嗳气
biceps reflex肱二头肌反射
bicycle ergometer test踏车运动试验
bimanual palpation双手触诊法
Biot's respiration比奥氏呼吸
blood pressure, BP血压
board-like rigidity板状腹
borborygmus肠鸣音
bounding pulse跳脉
breast乳房
Broadbent's sign布罗德本特氏征
bronchial asthma支气管哮喘
bronchial breath sound支气管呼吸音
bronchophony支气管语音
bronchovesicular breath sound支气管肺泡呼吸音
Brudzinski's sign布鲁金斯基氏征
Budd-Chiari syndrome巴-希二氏综合征
buffalo bump水牛背
burning pain烧灼痛
bursting pain烧灼痛、胀痛
bypass bilirubin旁路胆红素
cachexia恶病质
cachexia恶病质
cannon sound大泡音
capillary pulsation毛细血管搏动
caput medusae海蛇神头,梅杜沙氏头
cardiac asthma心原性哮喘
cardiac murmurs心脏杂音
carotene胡萝卜素
carphology摸空症
centric fever中枢性发热
Chaddock's sign查多克氏征
chemoreceptor trigger zone化学感受器触发带
chest pain胸痛
chest wall胸壁
Cheyne-Stokes respiration呼吸节律异常
chief complaints主诉
childbearing history生育史
chorea舞蹈样运动
chronic bronchitis慢性支气管炎
chronic obstructive emphysema慢性阻塞性肺气肿
clasp knife折刀
claw hand爪形手
clinical diagnosis临床诊断
clonus阵挛
closing volume, CV闭合气量
coarse rales粗湿罗音
cogwheel breath sound齿轮呼吸音
cogwheel rigidity齿轮强直
coin sign叩击征
colicky pain绞痛
color sensation色觉
coma昏迷
compulsive position强迫体位
compulsive squatting强迫蹲位
confusion意识模糊
conjugated bilirubin胆红素葡萄糖醛酸酯或称结全胆红素
conjunctive结膜
consciousness意识状态
consistency硬度
consistency and elasticity硬度和弹性
constipation便秘
continuous连续型
continuous fever稽留热
continuous murmur连续性杂音
contour外形
convergence reflex辐辏反射
convulsion惊厥
cornea角膜
corneal reflex角膜反射
costispinal angle肋脊角
cough咳嗽
Courvoisier's sign库尔瓦泽尔兹氏征
Courvoisier-Terrier syndrome库-特二氏组合征,无痛性黄疸
crackles rale爆裂音
cremasteric reflex提睾反射
crepitus捻发音
crescendo递增型
crescendo-decrescendo递增递减型
cretinism克汀病,白痴病,呆小病
Crigler-Najiar's syndrome柯-加二氏综合征
crisis骤降,危象
critical facies病危面容
Crohn's disease克隆氏病
crossed paralysis交叉瘫
Cushing's disease肾上腺皮质功能亢进
Cushing's syndrome库辛氏综合征
cyanosis紫绀
Damoiseau's curve曲线
decrescendo递减型
deep palpation深部触诊法
deep press palpation深压触诊法
deep slipping palpation深部滑行触诊法
deforming skull变形颅
delirium谵妄
dermographism皮肤划纹征
development发育
diagnosis诊断
diarrhea腹泻
diastolic murmur舒张期杂音
dicrotic pulse重搏脉
diffusion, DL弥散
diplopia复视
direct percussion直接叩诊法
disturbance of consciousness意识障碍
disturbance of consciousness意识障碍
dough kneading sensation揉面感
Down syndrome道氏综合征,先天愚型
dropped pulse脱落脉
drunken man gait醉酒步态
Dubin-Johnson's syndrome杜-约二氏综合征
dull pain钝痛
dullness浊音
Duroziez's murmur双重杂音
dydrops积水
dyspnea呼吸困难
dysuria尿痛
ear drum鼓膜
early systolic ejection sounds收缩早期喷射音
ecchymosis瘀斑
ECG exercise test心电图运动负荷试验
edema水肿
effective refractory有效不应期
egophony羊鸣音
elasticity弹性
electrocardiogram, ECG心电图
elephantedema象皮肿
elephantiasic crus象皮腿
emaciation消瘦
embryocardia胎心律
endogenous pyrogen内源性致热原
enophthalmos=enophthalmus眼球下陷
enophthalmus= enophthalmos眼球下陷
entropion睑内翻
epistaxis鼻衄
exogenous pyrogen外源性致热原
expectoration咯痰
expiratory capacity, ERV补呼气量
expression表情
external auditory canal外耳道
eyeball眼球
eyebrow眼眉
eyelids眼睑
face颜面
facial features面容
fairly中等
family history家族史
festination gait慌张步态
fever type热型
fine rales细湿罗音
finger nose test指鼻试验
fixed splitting固定分裂
flat chest扁平胸
flatfoot平跖足
flatness实音
floating patella phenomenon浮髌现象
fluctuation波动感
fluid thrill液波震颤
forced standing position强迫停立位
forced vital capacity, FVC用力肺活量
four limbs四肢
frequent micturition尿频
frog belly蛙腹
Frohlich's syndrome肥胖性生殖无能,弗勒利希氏综合征
function residual capacity, FRC功能残气量
funnel chest漏斗胸
gallop rhythm奔马律
Garland's triangle加兰德氏三角
gas distribution气体分布
gastral or intestinal pattern胃型或肠型
general data一般项目
genua valgus “O”形腿畸形
genua varus膝内翻
geographic tongue地图舌
gigantism巨人症
Gilbert's syndrome吉尔伯氏综合征
Gordon's sign戈登氏征
Graham Steell murmur杂音
Grocco's triangle格罗科氏三角
gums牙龈
habitus体型
hair毛发,头发
hairy tongue毛舌
Harrison's groove肋膈沟
headache头痛
heel-knee-tibia test跟-膝-胫试验
hematemesis呕血
hematochezia便血
hematuria血尿
hemiparalysis偏瘫
hemoptysis咯血
hepatic facies肝病面容
Hippocrates希波克拉底(被称为医学之父)
history of present illness现病史
Hodgkin霍奇金
Hoffmann's sign霍夫曼氏征
holosystolic murmur全收缩期杂音
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-5-27 11:43 | 显示全部楼层
Horner's syndrome霍纳氏综合征
hyperresonance过清音
hyperventilation syndrome过度换气综合征
hypogastric region下腹部
idioventricular rhythm室性异搏心律,自发室性心律
immediate percussion直接叩诊
incontinence of urine尿失禁
indirect percussion间接叩诊法
infective fever感染性发热
inferior diaphragmatic infarction下壁心肌梗塞
infrascapular region肩胛下区
infrasternal angle胸骨下角
inquiry问诊
inspection视诊
inspiratory capacity, IC深吸气量
intercostal space肋间隙
interleukin I白细胞介素
intermittent claudication间歇性跛行
intermittent fever间歇热
interscapular region肩胛间区
intestinal obstruction肠梗阻
inward impulse负性心尖搏动
iris虹膜
irregular fever不规则热
irritable bowel syndrome, IBS肠易激综合征
jaundice黄疸
junctional premature beat交界性早搏
Kayser-Fleischer ring凯-弗二氏环
Kent's bundle肯特氏束,房室肌束
Kernig's sign克尼格氏征
Klebsiellar pneumonia克雷白杆菌肺炎
knee jerk膝反射
knife-like pain刀割样痛
koilonychia匙状甲
Kussmaul's respiration库斯毛尔氏呼吸
kyphosis脊柱后凸
laryngeal pharynx喉咽
larynx喉
Lasegue's sign拉塞格氏征
late diastolic gallop舒张晚期奔马律
latent jaundice隐性黄疸
left anterior fascicular block, left anterior bemiblock, LAH前支传导阻滞
left bundle branch block, LBBB左束支传导阻滞
left lower quadrant左下腹
left posterior fascicular block或left posterior hemiblock, LPH后支传导阻滞
left upper quadrant左上腹
leukocytic pyrogen白细胞致热原
leukoplakia白斑
light palpation浅部触诊法
liver cirrhosis肝硬化
liver palms肝掌
liver thrill震颤
lobar pneumonia大叶性肺炎
location部位
lordosis脊柱前凸
luminar flow层流
lung volume肺容积
lymphedema淋巴性水肿
maculae斑疹
maculopapulae斑丘疹
manubrium sterni胸骨柄
Marfan's syndrome马方氏综合征
marrital history婚姻史
masked facies面具面容
masses包块
Master 2-step exercise二级梯运动
mastoid乳突
maximal midexpiratary flow curve MMEF、MMF最大呼气中段流量
maximal voluntary ventilation, MVV最大通气量
McBurney's incision麦克伯尼氏切口
mediate percussion间接叩诊
medium rales中湿罗音
melanin黑色素
melena黑便
menstrual history月经史
microcephaly小颅,小头畸形
midaxillary line腋中线
midclavicular line锁骨中线
middle and late systolic clicks收缩中、晚期喀音
migratory glossitis移行性舌炎
minute ventilation VE每分钟静息通气量
mitral facies二尖瓣面容
mitral insufficiency二尖瓣关闭不全
mitral stenosis二尖瓣狭窄
mobility活动度
moist rale湿罗音
moisture湿度
mono-phasic curve单相曲线
monoplegia单瘫
moon facies满月面容
mouth口
mucocutaneous hemorrhage皮肤粘膜出血
Murphy button墨菲氏钮(肠吻合钮)
muscle atrophy肌肉萎缩
muscular tone肌张力
Musset's sign缪塞氏征(头节律性跳动)
myocardial infarction心肌梗塞
myocardial injury “损伤性”改变
myocardial ischemia心肌缺血
myodynamia肌力
myxedema粘液性水肿
nasal ala flap鼻翼扇动
nasal sinus鼻窦
nasopharynx鼻咽
nausea恶心
nephrotic facies肾病面容
neurogenic bladder神经原性膀胱
nipple乳头
non-infective fever非感染性发热
nonparoxysmal tachycardia非阵发性心动过速
nuclear icterus核黄疸
nuclear jaundice核黄疸
nystagmus眼球震颤
obesity肥胖
obstetrician hand助产士手
olfactory examination嗅诊
Oliver's sign奥利弗氏征
opening snap开瓣音
opisthotonos position角弓反张位
Oppenheim's sign奥本海姆氏征
oral pharynx口咽
organic scoliosis /脊柱器质性侧凸
orthopnea强迫坐位、端坐呼吸
ortho-sthenic type正力型(均称型)
oxycephaly尖颅
pacemaker起搏点
pain /pein/疼痛
pallor苍白
palpation触诊
palpitation心悸
papule丘疹
paradoxical pulse奇脉
paradoxical splitting反常分裂
paralytic squint麻痹性斜视
paraplegia截瘫
parasternal line胸骨旁线
parasystole并行心律
parietal pleura壁层胸膜
Parkinson's disease震颤麻痹
parotid gland腮腺
paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, PSVT阵发性心动过速;阵发性室上性心动过速;阵发性室上性心动过速
paroxysmal tachycardia阵发性心动过速
paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia阵发性室性心动过速
past history既往史
patella clonus髌阵挛
pectoriloquy胸语音
pellagra糙皮病
pendular rhythm钟摆律
peptic ulcer消化性溃疡
percussion叩诊
percussion sound叩诊音
pericardial effusion心包积液
pericardial friction sound心包摩擦音
pericardial knock心包叩击音
peristalsis蠕动波
personal history个人史
petechia瘀点
physical examination体格检查
physiologic splitting生理分裂
pigeon chest鸡胸
pigmentation色素沉着
pitting edema压陷性水肿
pituitary dwarfism垂体性侏儒症
plantar reflex跖反射
pleural effusion胸腔积液
pleural friction fremitus胸膜摩擦感
pleural friction rub胸膜摩擦音
pneumoperitoneum气腹
pneumothorax气胸
pooly不良
position体位
positive position被动体位
posterior axillary line腋后线
posterior midline后正中线
posture姿势
posture scoliosis姿势性侧凸
premature beat过早搏动
premature beat心房
presystolic gallop收缩期前奔马律
protodiastolic gallop舒张早期奔马律
ptosis上睑下垂
pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, PCWP肺毛细血管楔嵌
pulse deficit脉搏短绌
pulse pressure脉压
pulseless无脉病
pulsus alternans交替脉
pulsus magnus洪脉
pulsus tardus迟脉
pupil瞳孔
purpura紫癜
pyrogen致热原
quadruple rhythm四音律
R on T phenomenon R波落在T波上现象
rachitic chest佝偻病胸
rachitic rosary佝偻病串珠
radiating pain放射痛
radioperiosteal reflex桡骨骨膜反射
rebound tenderness反跳痛
recurrent fever回归热
redness发红
referred pain牵涉痛
reflex反射
refractory period不应期
regional lung function区域性肺功能
regular一贯型
relative refractory period相对不应期
remittent fever弛张热
residual volume, RV残气容积
resonance清音
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-5-27 11:43 | 显示全部楼层
retention of urine尿潴留
reversed splitting逆分裂
rhonchi干罗音
rib肋骨
right bundle branch block, RBBB右束支传导阻滞
right lower quadrant右下腹
right upper quadrant右上腹
rigidity强直性
rigor寒战
ringer finger test指指试验
Romberg's sign罗姆伯格氏征
rosacea酒渣鼻
roseola玫瑰疹
Rotor's syndrome罗特尔氏综合征
ruler pressing test尺压试验
saddle nose鞍鼻
sardonic feature苦笑面容
scalp头皮
scaphoid舟状腹
scapula肩胛骨
scapular line肩胛线
scar瘢痕
scissors gait前刀式步态
sclera巩膜
scratcb sound搔弹音
senile plaque老年斑
setting sun phenomenon日落现象
sex性别
shifting dullness移动性浊音
sibilant rhonchi高调干罗音
sick sinus syndrome, SSS病态窦房结综合征
sino-auricular block, SAB窦房传导阻滞
sinus arrest窦性静止
sinus arrhythmia窦性心律不齐
sinus bradycardia窦性心动过缓
sinus phrenicocostalis肋膈窦
sinus tachycardia窦性心动过速
size大小
skin eruption皮疹
skin retraction皮肤回缩
skull头颅
small airway function小气道功能
small pulse细脉
smooth tongue光滑舌
somnolence嗜睡
sonorous rhonchi低调干罗音
sore tongue舌痛
spider angioma蜘蛛痣
spinous process脊柱棘突
splitting of heart sounds心音分裂
squared skull巨颅
stabbing pain刺痛
stained yellow黄染
steppage gait跨阈步态
sternal angle, Louis's angel胸骨角
sternal line胸骨线
stethoscope听诊器
sthenic type超力型(矮胖型)
stool with occult blood隐血便
strawberry tongue草莓舌
stupor昏睡
subcutaneous emphysema皮下气肿
subcutaneous nodule皮下结节
succussion splash振水音
summation gallop重叠奔马律
superficial appearance表观情况
supraclavicular fossa锁骨下窝
suprascapular region肩胛上区
suprasternal fossa胸骨上窝
suprasternal notch胸骨上切迹
symmetry对称性
symptom症状
symptomatology症状学
synaesthesia复合感觉
systems review系统回顾
systolic ejection sounds收缩期喷射音
systolic murmur收缩性杂音
tachypnea呼吸过速
tactile fremitus触地震颤
tarry stool柏油便
temperature体温
tenderness压痛
tenesmus里急后重
tetany手足搐搦
thalposis温觉
thermotaxic center体温调节中枢
thigmesthesia触觉
thirst渴感
thoracic expansion胸廓扩张度
thready pulse丝脉
three depressions sign三凹征
thrill震颤
throbbing pain绞痛与搏动性痛
thrombasthenia血小板无力症
sinus bradycardia窦性心动过缓
sinus phrenicocostalis肋膈窦
sinus tachycardia窦性心动过速
size大小
skin eruption皮疹
skin retraction皮肤回缩
skull头颅
small airway function小气道功能
small pulse细脉
smooth tongue光滑舌
somnolence嗜睡
sonorous rhonchi低调干罗音
sore tongue舌痛
spider angioma蜘蛛痣
spinous process脊柱棘突
splitting of heart sounds心音分裂
squared skull巨颅
stabbing pain刺痛
stained yellow黄染
steppage gait跨阈步态
sternal angle, Louis's angel胸骨角
sternal line胸骨线
stethoscope听诊器
sthenic type超力型(矮胖型)
stool with occult blood隐血便
strawberry tongue草莓舌
stupor昏睡
subcutaneous emphysema皮下气肿
subcutaneous nodule皮下结节
succussion splash振水音
summation gallop /s QmeiF ([) n gAl [p/重叠奔马律
superficial appearance表观情况
supraclavicular fossa锁骨下窝
suprascapular region肩胛上区
suprasternal fossa胸骨上窝
suprasternal notch胸骨上切迹
symmetry对称性
symptom症状
symptomatology症状学
synaesthesia复合感觉
systems review系统回顾
systolic ejection sounds收缩期喷射音
systolic murmur收缩性杂音
tachypnea呼吸过速
tactile fremitus触地震颤
tarry stool柏油便
temperature体温
tenderness压痛
tenesmus里急后重
tetany手足搐搦
thalposis温觉
thermotaxic center体温调节中枢
thigmesthesia触觉
thirst渴感
thoracic expansion胸廓扩张度
thready pulse丝脉
three depressions sign三凹征
thrill震颤
throbbing pain绞痛与搏动性痛
thrombasthenia血小板无力症
thyroid甲状腺
tidal capacity TC潮气量
tone语调
tongue舌
torsive ventricular tachycardia扭转型室性心动过速
torticolis斜颈
tower skull塔颅
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