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翻译工作者宝贝词汇

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发表于 2009-7-20 12:59 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
kimono
和服
**
downsizing
减员
**
streamline
精简
**
on the job/in-service
在职
**
disposable
一次性
**
think tank
智囊团
**
round the clock service
全天候服务
**
(free) convertibility
(自由)兑换
**
find a sugar daddy
傍大款
**
Nordic
北欧
**
non-renewable
不可再生
**
out and out
彻头彻尾
**
deadlock
僵局
**
tertiary industry
第三产业
**
fair (market) value
市值
**
refund
退款
**
axis-of-evil
邪恶轴心
**
(nuclear) nonproliferation
核不扩散
**
holistic
整体的
**
one-off
一次性(解决)的;一揽子的
**
turnkey
总承包的;现成可使用的
**
in-house
自有的;(in-house finance company)
**
round-up
汇总?
**
overseas returnee
海归
**
framework accord
框架协议
**
WTO accession
加入WTO
**
non-exclusive license
非专用特许
**
royalty free
无版权费的
**
sublicense
转授权;转发许可证
**
creature comforts
衣食
**
recapitalization
资产重组
**
RPI
(Retail Price Index) 零售物价指数
**
overriding concern
高于一切的考虑
**
Lanyard
系索
**
copyright
著作权
**
royalty
版权
**
compliance
合规性
**
extension
展期
**
co-lead underwriter
副主承销商
**
Advisory Board
咨询委员会
**
Board of Councillors
理事会
**
entrepreneur
创业者
**
upmarket
高端的
**
attorney general
首席检察官
**
upscale
高端的
**
clientele
客户群
**
self starter
白手起家人
**
down round
筹资首轮
**
mass market vs. submarket
总的市场/次级市场(比如根据某个标准分的客户群)
**
letter/power of attorney
委任书
**
market clout
市场影响(?)
**
rehaul (a business)
重组;
**
sell-back (
与buy-out相对)
**
monograph
专题(论述)
**
verbatim
逐字逐句的说法(比如销售“定式”用语)
**
Liquidity Trap
流动性陷阱(宁愿把资金存放于银行拿取零利息的回报,也不愿再投资赔了)
**
many a little makes a mickle
集腋成裘
**
reservist
后备兵
**
at eleventh hours
关键时刻
**
misnomer
用词不当
**
payoff
收益
**
outperform
超过
**
bailout
解决;救援(for instance, the bailout from IMF for South Korea and other SE Asian countries after financial crisis)
**
honor of N/R (notes receivable)/dishonor
到期兑现
**
political cronies
政府人员办的关联企业
**
value-based pricing
价值导向定价法(区别于cost-based pricing,指能为客户带来多少价值来确定价格,而不是消耗了多少成本,比如飞机票)
**
clearinghouse like exchange
(交换场所)
**
value of synergy
企业兼并之后带来的利益
**
post-investment values
(注意post的用法)
**
techie
做技术的人(与salesman相对)
**
on-target
专注于最终目标的
**
optimum
最适宜的
**
overhead
还有一个意思是“投影”,类似powerpoint
**
in line
与预期相符的
**
YTD (year-to-date)
从Jan 1到目前的时间
**
scorched earth
焦土政策
**
economies of scope
范围经济(与economies of scale相比)
**
toehold
小支点,起点
**
industry observer
行业观察家
**
networking
商业构建私人关系网
**
conference backdrop
会议背景幕
**
trade-up
升级
**
ease of maintenance/repair
维修的容易度
**
cap
(金额)最高限度;upper limit
**
lifetime
(债券等的)存期
**
double dip recession
二次萧条(特指本次美国经济泡沫破灭后,还将面临的进一步衰退)
**
fringe benefits
附加福利(除国家规定外的)
**
annual leave
年假
**
call to order
宣布开会;要求遵守秩序
**
second the motion
附议
**
motion carried
动议通过
**
window dressing
粉饰
**
end-state
最终状态
**
scrap
废品(与rework相对)
**
disagrregate
分解
**
solidity
可*性
**
MIS (management information system)
管理信息系统
**
in due course
稍后
**
7-11
便利店
**
numerator/denominator
分子/分母
**
winding-up
结算;停业
**
subsidiary/member companies
下属公司
**
coach
大客车
**
OEM/aftermarket parts
汽车业的前/后配件
**
assembly plant
汽车整车厂
**
elevated rail
轻轨
**
honorary
名誉
**
deputy magistrate
副区长(虹口)
**
size up
估计
**
offer .. Advancement over
比。。。更高的优势
**
litmus test
试金石
**
money order
汇票
**
Actuary
精算师
**
vignette /vi'njet/
装饰图;花边文字
**
China Resources
香港华润集团
**
stagflation
通胀
**
downplay
不予重视
**
supranational (institution)
跨国组织,如World Bank
**
private banking
私人银行(为其理财,通常针对大额储户)
**
captive finance company
为大公司自有的金融公司
**
forward contract
远期合约(与期货的不同在于:1。标准化;2.在OTC上交易,而不是交易所;3.保证金;4.期货需每日结算,以控制头寸;
**
spot price
(期货中)现价
**
treasury secretary
财长
**
rundown
纲要
**
passbook
银行存折
**
property & Casualty company
对应于life company(人寿保险公司而言)
**
floor
最低值,保底值
**
investment grade
;noninvestment grade (junk bond) 中等到高等credit rating的stock或bond(BBB以上)
**
crowding out effect
指政府增加expenditure之后造成利率上升、private investment反而减少的情况。
**
bank run
挤兑
**
velocity (of money)
货币周转率(=GDP/money supply)
**
quantity theory of money
货币数量理论(指Velocity和output保持不变,因此money supply与price成反比)
**
escalator clauses
自动调整条款(根据物价水平对wages等进行调整)
**
ceilings/floors
上限/下限
**
tax incidence
租税归宿(指由consumer还是supplier承担,有actural和statutory之分)
**
deadweight loss
无谓损失
**
elastic
伸缩度,(指demand和supply对price的敏感程度,越elastic,说明price的微小变动就能引起suppply/demand的巨大变动 The general formula for elasticity is: E = percent change in x / percent change in y
**
marginal utility
边际效用
**
economic profit
超额利润(accounting profit超出opportunity cost的那部分,在pure competitive market中,长期超额利润为零,即zero economic profit)
**
cold call
陌生电访(向推销员,找工作的人的撞大运式地乱打电话)
**
brown field investment
即外资购买或租赁现有厂房进行生产
**
shelf registration
总括申报; 暫擱註冊制度
**
fourth market
指投资者直接交换股票
**
third market
在OTC交易交易所上市股票
**
basis point
(bips) 基本点,相对于0.01%
**
style box
(基金)中指某类基金,如成长型大市值基金
**
indenture/deed of trust
债券契约
**
fast moving consumer goods
快速消费品
**
Heavy Vehicle Technologies and Systems Group (HVTSG) Dana
的一个新部门
**
Roadranger Dana
和Eaton的供应商(技术?)
**
powertrain
动力传动系列(驱动轴、离合器、变速箱、差速器)
**
victor reinz division Dana
的一个部门
**
actuator
作动器
**
torque converter
变矩器
**
aftermarket
(汽车用)零配件零售市场;在证券市场中相当于secondary market
**
named/unnamed sources
有/无来源的消息
**
China National Investment & Guaranty Corp. (I&G)
中国经济技术投资担保公司(简称中投保)
**
grass bag
草袋
**
wiring harness
固化在(汽车)上的电线
**
muffler
消音器
**
sub assembly
次组合件(注:assembly在配件中的含义为组合件的意思)
**
gear case
齿轮箱
**
exhaust tube
排气管
**
sprocket
链齿轮
**
lifter
升降机
**
brake lever
手闸;刹车杆
**
ATV
(all terrain vehicle) 全地形车
**
idler pulley
空转轮;惰轮
**
worm gear
涡轮
**
rear drive
后轮驱动
**
Dinli
杭州鼎力机械有限公司
**
FF
式 Front engine front drive(前置引擎,前轮驱动)
**
FR
式 Front engine rear drive (前置引擎,后轮驱动)
**
mesh
啮合
**
universal joint
万向接头
**
four-wheel drive
四轮驱动
**
radiator
散热器
**
wheel rim
钢圈
**
halogen
卤素
**
wheel base
轮距
**
memorandum of association
公司组织大纲
**
certificate of good standing
公司状况良好证明书;资信状;信任状
**
rent seeking
寻租
**
unencumbered assets
无负担资产
**
fixture
固定装置
**
trade name
商号;厂商名称
**
promissory note
本票;期票
**
line of credit; credit line; bank line
信用额度
**
franchise
特许
**
replication
大批量生产
**
credit division
信贷部
**
OEM financial arm OEM
的金融机构
**
model
车型(用于汽车业)
**
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer
(在商业中指与分销机构相对的厂商;从别处获得零件进行组合生产最终产品的厂商)
**
trade up
(怂恿)买更贵的东西
**
holdback rebate
(回扣)
**
indemnification
补偿
**
non-exclusive
非独家的;一般的(exclusive为独家)
**
standing
常务
**
letter of engagement
工作关系证明
**
earn out
收益外購法 (一種取決于公司既得收益的資產購置法,它允許個人目前只支付所購股票一半的成本,其余部分5年內付清。)
**
Elopak
一家挪威的食品公司,与Wayne Smith有来往
**
deal sweetener
改善交易的措施
**
downstream product
下游产品
**
psi Pounds per square inch
(每平方英寸磅)
**
delivery firm (courier service)
快递公司
**
print (of a product, e.g., rider)
图纸
**
SKU stock keeping unit (
库存单位);即指单一货品,比如超市中摆在货架上的某个特定产品
**
drivetrain
动力传动系列(驱动轴、离合器、变速箱、差速器)
**
nomenclature
命名法


parking brake
停车闸
**
downshift; upshift
调高/低档
**
shift lever
变速杆
**
tridem
六轮的(与tandem对比)
**
assembly
总成??
**
undisclosed sum
未披露的金额
**
Eurobond
欧元债券
**
turnaround
回转
**
rocker arm
摇臂
**
clearance
间距
**
cross country vehicle (CCV)
越野车
**
fuel efficiency/economy
燃油效率(每加仑汽油英里数)gas mile standard
**
hybrid car
汽油、电动混合型车
**
fuel cell
电池型车
**
extraordinary items
非常项目
**
unusual expense (income)
非常规费用(收入)
**
minority interest
少数股权
**
equity in affiliates
附属公司权益
**
discontinued operations
停止经营部分补偿费用(与continuing operations比较)
**
diluted EPS
调整后/摊薄每股收益(指净利润除以年末普通股数,而(加权)每股收益则是指净利润除以年内的加权股数);摊薄一般比加权收益低,但在回购情况下反而高。
**
amortization
摊销
**
Mkt Cap
总市值
**
52-wk range 52
周价格波动范围
**
capital lease obligations
资本性租赁下长期债务
**
debt vs liabilities
债务/负债
**
intermodal
联运的(各种交通方式混合的)
**
Pacific rim
太平洋周边地区
**
non-core assets
非核心资产
**
BOT build-operate-transfer (
项目融资;国内成为特许权融资方式)
**
Concession Agreement
特许权协议
**
freight forwarder
货运公司
**
legal proceedings
法律事项
**
wire fence
丝网栏杆
**
Stern Stewart
思腾思特公司
**
MVA
市场增加值(比较EVA)
**
TQM
全面质量管理total quality management
**
contra account
抵消科目
**
uncollectible account (bad debt, bad loan)
坏帐
**
allowance for doubtful accounts, provision for bad debts
坏帐准备
**
salvage (residual) value
残值
**
accumulated depreciation
累计折旧
**
accrued expenses
应付费用(注意与accounts payable的不同)
**
retained earnings (also called earned surplus or accumulated earnings or unappropriated profit)
保留盈余(又称未分配盈余、盈余公积、累计盈余或保留净利)Earnings not paid out as dividends but instead reinvested in the core business or used to pay off debt.
**
deferred tax
递延税项(指因为采取不同会计原则而造成实际应税所得和会计利润不等的情况,最常见的情况就是根据税法采取加速折旧法,而为了报表好看又采用直线折旧法,这样造成的税差就作为负债出现。也可以出现在净利润增加、所有制权益项目下。
**
Accrual Basis
权责发生制
**
General Ledger
总分类帐
**
Subsidiary Ledger
明细分类帐
**
full disclosure
全面披露
**
Allowance method
备抵法
**
write-off/-up/-down
对资产的记账方法,off是指将assets value记为expense,up和down是指增加或减少资产价值
**
Consignment
寄销
**
Inventory overages
存货盈余(与shortage对比)
**
Premium on bonds
债券溢价(discount折价)
**
Construction-in-process
在建工程
**
Units-of-production method (UOP)
工作量法(计算折旧的一种方法)
**
Contingency
或有事项
**
loss/profit contingency
或有损失(或有利得)
**
additional paid-in capital
;Capital surplus;Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par; Premium on Common stock 资本公积(是相对于capital stock,即按面值计算的股价与实际发行额之间的差值)
**
Unrealized holding gains or losses
未实现的资产持有损益(即手中的股票的购买价与市价的差额)
**
consolidated financial statements
合并财务报表
**
deferred income tax liabilities
递延所得税负债(指某些所得税需要在日后支付)
**
contingent liabilities
或有负债(like potential legal claims, debt guarantees)
**
refund
退款
**
operating income
营业收入(相当于EBIT: earnings before interest payments and income tax; also called operating profit)
**
sales revenue
主营收入
**
advance
预付款
**
write down
(资产账面价值)降低
**
net of tax
扣除税的
**
hedging
套期保值
**
common size statement
共同比分析(以百分比来显示报表)
**
treasury share
是涉及到diluted common stock的一种算法
**
credit line
信用额度
**
working capital
营运资金(等于现有资产减去现有负债); working capital cycle管理,等于是对working capital的各个方面,即存货、A/R,A/P等加以管理。Working capital ratio = (Inventory+A/P-A/R)/sales.
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金币

大家网研究生三年级

Rank: 20Rank: 20Rank: 20Rank: 20

积分
8938
 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-20 13:00 | 显示全部楼层

翻译工作者宝贝词汇

upfront
预付的,先期的
**
tax deductibility
避税
**
factoring
应收账款管理服务(有点类似L/C,保证销售方收到货款)factor即代理人。
**
credit insurance
信用保险(与factoring对比)
**
"securitization
证券化(有financing securitization和assets两种,前者即指直接发行债券等;后者相当于利用资产作抵押,置换成证券)对于assets securitization来说,If the asset only plays as a pledge and the payment source is still the whole business, then the cr
**
private label
借助于其他(商铺)现成的服务/部件,打出自己的品牌;也可以采用co-branding的形式,即放弃自己的品牌,与合作方共用一个品牌;比如软件业中借助某个公用的东西,再自己定制一下,贴个牌就成了自己的产品,类似于OEM
**
off-balance sheet
表外处理
**
revolver (revolving credit facilities)
滚动借贷
**
term loan; term credit facility
见上
**
floor plan financing
为某种特定产品而融资
**
in-house counsel internal counsel,
公司自有律师
**
reorganization
重组(POR,重组计划)
**
fluid seal
流体密封
**
steering shafts
转向轴
**
mixer
混凝土搅拌车(heavy-duty vehicle的一种)
**
pinion
小齿轮
**
housing
外壳;壳体
**
leading time
订货到交货的时间;加工准备时间
**
inbound/outbound
向内/外出的
**
module
比chassis低一级的总成,比product高一级
**
speed to market
推想市场速度
**
suspension
悬架
**
LIBOR London InterBank Offered Rate(
伦敦同业拆放利率),作为基本的利率,通常再加上一定百分比
**
ESOP (Employee Stock Ownership Plan)
员工持股计划(类似于MBO,不同之处在于是员工收购)
**
equity carve-out
切股 Sometimes known as a partial spinoff, a carve out occurs when a parent company sells a minority (usually 20% or less) stake in a subsidiary for an IPO or rights offering.
**
asset-backed securities (ABS)
资产抵押证券
**
loan originator
(sponsor?)
**
recourse
追索权
**
floating rate
浮动利率
**
marketability
流动性(变现性?)
**
zero-coupon bond
零息债券
**
junk bond; high-yield bond
夹层债券(在LBO中的含义);高收益/垃圾债券
**
reserve ratios
(银行的)准备金率
**
underwriting income
保险收入
**
bridge financing
短期融资(temporary funds loaned until permanent debt financing is completed
**
Money Market
货币市场(系指包括金融拆放市场以及一年期以下短期有价证券进行交易的公开市场)。
**
Commercial Paper
短期及無抵押借據,一般由具信譽企業所發行
**
Red Chip
在香港註冊和上市,但是控股權屬中國的公司。
**
Support/resistance Level
支持價位/阻力价位。買家的數目總多於賣家的數目,使價格不能繼續下降時的價格。
**
SEHK
香港聯合交易所有限公司
**
Trust Deed
信託契約(信託成立的法律文件,清楚訂出信託的條款,信託人及受益人姓名。 )
**
bulge bracket
最大的投资银行集团
**
red herring preliminary prospectus
(非正式招股说明书)
**
preemptive rights offering
优先配股(股票以比市价更低的价格出售给现有持股人)
**
Shenzhen Development Bank
深发展
**
carrier
运输商
**
forwarder
运输商
**
overseas foray
海外拓展
**
axle gear
桥齿轮
**
vehicular manufacturer
车辆制造商
**
ground clearance
最小离地间距
**
transfer case
分动箱(后备的,用来转移多余的Torque?)
**
Differential(Auto)
差速器
**
propeller shaft
传动轴
**
4WD (four wheel drive)
四轮驱动
**
Gasket
衬板;衬垫
**
ABS (Anti-Lock Brake System)
防 鎖 死 煞 車 系 統
**
Mechatronic Systems
机电系统
**
fluid power
流体
**
continuous variable transmission
无级变速器
**
planetary gear
行星齿轮
**
coil spring
螺旋弹簧
**
rear/side tipper
后/侧翻斗车
**
tanker
罐式汽车;油罐车
**
special purpose vehicle
特种车
**
power takeoff (PTO)
取力器
**
bevel gear
锥齿轮
**
long-haul transport
长途运输
**
Cardan Joint
万向接头
**
steering knuckle
转向节
**
Buyout Fund
收购型基金
**
MBI
管理层换购,指由一支新的管理队伍替换现任管理层,并由其收购、控制公司
**
niche market
小而专的市场;小规模特定市场
**
PIPE Private Investment in Public Equity;
已上市公司再向投資者募集資金
**
benchmarking
基准管理;标杆管理
**
PCB printed circuit board (
印刷电路板)
**
Buyout
出让?
**
return
资本利得
**
SPC (special purpose corporation)
特设的机构, 即金融资产的买方(主要是投资银行),再出售ABS
**
"QFII(Qualified Foreign Institutional Investors)
合格的外国投资者制度。中国台湾、韩国、印度、巴西等国家和地区在20世纪90年代初就设立和实施了这种制度。QFII制度是许多国家和地区,特别是新兴市场经济体普遍实施的在货币没有完全可自由兑换、资本项目尚未开放的情况下g
**
water utilities
水务
**
consolidated statement
合并报表
**
displacement
(摩托车)排气量
**
Bore Stroke
内径×行程
**
Starting mode
启动方式
**
sparking mode
点火方式
**
compression ratio
压缩比(指气缸总容量与压缩室的容量比。)
**
sports utility vehicle SUV (
多用途车)
**
MPV (multi-purpose vehicle)
商用车(能坐多人,比如别克的GL 7 seater)
**
RV (Recreational vehicle)
休闲车(SUV是RV的一个分支)
**
paint
喷漆
**
press workshop
冲压车间
**
body workshop
车身车间
**
Daimler Chrysler
(DCX) 戴克
**
Aeolus Automobile
风神汽车
**
centralized competitive pricing
(auction bidding) (开盘)集合竞价
**
ADR (American Depository Receipt)
美国存托凭证(外国投资者委托美国机构设立存托凭证,从而在美国的市场上进行交易,分为三级,级别越高,SEC的登记要求就越高)
**
tombstone
墓碑广告(承销结束后在报纸上刊登的反映承销商地位的广告)
**
broker/dealer/market maker (function is to maintain liquidity)
经纪商/自营商/作市商
**
specialist
特许作市商(在一个市场上专门负责某个股票交易的作市商,比较多元作市商(一个股票有若干个作市商))
**
asset-light strategy
轻资产战略
**
sub-compact
微型车
**
stamping
冲压(件)
**
Newbridge Capital
新桥投资(新近接手了深发展)
**
Bain Capital
贝恩投资
**
COGS (cost of goods sold)
商品销售成本
**
distributor
分销商(bigger than dealer)
**
in house
指将诸如分销商、供应商等并入自己的公司
**
hurdle rate
预设回报率;分割收益率
**
carried interest
附带收益(按照获利的一定百分比拨给经理人(普通合伙人),从10%到30%不等,一般是年度获利的20%;而在20%扣除后,剩下的则按照出资在有限合伙人之间分配)
**
performance fee
(基金中)的绩效费(在扣除了preferred return之后,与management fee相对)
**
preferred return
优先收益(基金中投资人应得的部分,6%)
**
superannuation
超年金(政府年金之外建立的养老保险)
**
soft landing
软着陆
**
Bloomberg
彭博资讯
**
premises
办公场所
**
net profit margin
净边际利润率
**
ROA/ROE/ROI
资产回报率/净资产回报率(股本回报率)/投资收益
**
Valuation Modelling
估值模型
**
private equity investment
私募股权投资
**
withholding tax
预扣税;预提税(一个主权国家对外国资金的一种管理方式,可分为红利预提税(Dividend Withholding)和利息预提税(Interest Withholding Tax)
**
money-laundering
洗钱
**
custodian
;custodian fee (基金)托管人;托管费
**
stamp duties
印花税
**
capital gains tax
资本收益税 (unrealized capital gains,为了逃避capital gains tax,很多assets没有变卖,所以也就成了未实现资本收益,同时也造成了locked-up capital );比如买股票之后卖掉就相对于实现了资本收益。比较:capital loss
**
Federal Reserve Bank
联邦储备银行
**
tax-exempt
免税的
**
capital formation
资本结构;集资
**
(investment) vehicle
(在融资中)指用于融资的载体或工具
**
IRR
内部收益率(internal rate of return)=使投资的净现值等于零的贴现率
**
business line
主营业务
**
pro rata
按比例的,a "pro rata" share
**
trust indenture
(基金)的信托契约(规定基金的条款)
**
financial holding company
金融控股公司(类似于混业经营的金融公司)
**
promissary note
;P/N (是notes receivable的一种) 本票,期票
**
maturity date
到期日
**
letter of Guarantee (L/G)
(银行)保证书(函)
**
NPV (net present value)
现净值(PV为现值)
**
prospectus
(在fund中相当于基金条款说明);公开说明书
**
redemption
(基金单位unit)的赎回
**
price/book value
市净率(市值/实际值),(上市公司指数:越高表示公司成长性越好)
**
best practice
最佳的(比如best practive evaluation)
**
limited/general partner (in funds)
有限/普通合伙人(基金)(有限合伙人即出资人,按所出的金额程度责任;普通合伙人为基金管理人,出资一般为1%,需要为资金负全部责任)
**
screening
筛选
**
deal structuring
交易构造(创业企业(即被投资企业)与投资基金之间的一系列协议,规定金融工具选择、交易价格、协议条款)
**
Executive Summary
要点概述
**
marketability
可操作性
**
break-even business valuation studies
公司评估
**
mezzanine financing
夹层融资(Venture capital term used to describe a company which is somewhere between startup and IPO. )
**
"ETF (Exchange Traded Funds)
交易所交易基金,是一种在交易所买卖的有价证券,代表一揽子股票的所有权,通常基于某一指数进行完全被动式管理,兼具股票和指数基金的特色,所以也被称为指数股票或指数参与单位。它被分割为一定规模的投资单位,可以连续发售和用一揽子股票赎e
**
merger/acquisition/consolidation
兼并/收购/合并(兼并涉及企业重组,而收购一般只是业务重组;兼并善意,收购恶意;合并则是A+B=C)
**
spin-off/divestiture
分拆/剥离(分立为按照比例将资产和负债独立出去形成一个新公司;剥离则是出卖部分资产)spin-off: split-off(子股换母股;母公司仍然存在);split-up(完全拆分;母公司不复存在,分为几个子公司)
**
poison pill
毒药防御(收购)计划
**
DCF (discounted cash-flow)
折现现金流量法(计算某一种投资标的,在未来一段时间内(通常10年),预期可以得到的现金流量及残余价值,利用折现法折现成目前的价值。)
**
tender offer
(takeover bid) 公开股权收购(收购某公司的一种做法,也称hostile takeover)
**
Bank of China International
中银国际控股有限公司
**
fairness opinion
公正意见书
**
job rotation
轮岗
**
mandate
委任书(相当于将融资的选择权完全交给投行;mandated transaction, mandated bank)
**
State Asset Regulatory Commission
国资委
**
bookrunner
簿记管理人(指银团中的leading bank,负责单据的收发存放)
**
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大家网研究生三年级

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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-20 13:02 | 显示全部楼层

翻译工作者宝贝词汇

三资企业 foreign-invested enterprises: Sino-foreign joint ventures(中外合资企业), cooperative businesses (中外合作企业) and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China(外商独资企业)

三字经 three-character scripture

散户 retail / private investor

桑那浴 sauna

扫黄、打非eliminate pornography and illegal publications

扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work

杀手锏 sudden thrust of the mace--one's trump or master card

沙尘暴sand storm; dust storm

山不在高,有仙则名;No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy;

商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureau

商品房空置的现象 the vacancy problem in commercial housing

商品条码 bar code

上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas

上市 to be listed

上网 to get on the Internet

上有天堂,下有苏杭 Just as there is paradise in heaven, there are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth.

少数服从多数、下级服从上级、局部服从全体、全党服从中央 the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee

社会热点问题 hot spots of society

社会治安情况 public security situation, law-and-order situation

涉外经济 foreign-related business

申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games

身体素质 physique; physical constitution

神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card

审时度势 size up the situation

渗透、颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities

生态农业 environmental-friendly agriculture

失恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted

失学儿童 dropout

师兄弟 (senior and junior) fellow apprentice

时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man.

实话实说 speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade

实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.

实体经济 the real economy

实现零的突破 fulfill the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough

实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relatively comfortable life, attain the goal of building a well-off society

实现中华民伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation

实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to

实行计划生育、控制人口数量、提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people

食品卫生法 Food Hygiene Law of People's Republic of China

史记 Shi Ji/ Historical Records

世界观、人生观、价值观 world outlook; outlook on life; values

市场疲软 sluggish market

市场准入 market access

市盈率p/e (price/earning) ratio

市值 market capitalization

事业单位 public institution

试用期 probationary period

适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight financial policy

适销对路的产品  readily marketable products

适者生存survival of the fittest

收购兼并M&A (merger and acquisition)

收入 invisible income; off-payroll income; side money

收视率 audience ratings; television viewing

手机入网费 mobile access fee

首创精神 pioneering spirit

首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship)

首期按揭 down-payment

受灾地区 disaster-affected are

售后服务 after-sale services

授信额度 line of credit

树立企业良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image

刷卡, 划卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card

甩卖 clearance sale; be on sale

涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton

双刃剑 double-edged sword

双向选择 two-way selection, referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market

水货 smuggled goods

水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting

硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study

司仪 MC (master of ceremonies)

思乡曲 Nostalgia

思想僵铁 fossilized concept

死机 system halted

四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas

四个如何认识 (总书记提出并阐述的如何认识社会主义发展的历史进程、如何认识资本主义发展的历史进程、如何认识我国社会主义改革实践过程对人们思想的影响、如何认识当今的国际环境和国际政治斗争带来的影响等当前直接影响干部群众思想活动的重大问题.) In his important address to the Central Ideological and Political Work Conference, Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin expounds on how to understand the historical process of socialist development; how to understand the historical process of capitalist development; how to understand the impact of China's socialist reform over the people's thinking; how to understand the impact of the current international environment and political struggle.

四十不惑 Life begins at forty.

四项基本原则 the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought

素质教育 education for all-around development, quality-oriented education

随行就市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions

台独 'independence of Taiwan'

台湾当局 Taiwan authorities

台湾是中国领土不可分割的一部分。Taiwan is an inalienable part of the Chinese territory.

台湾同胞 Taiwan compatriots

抬杠 argue for the sake of arguing; bicker

太空步 moonwalk

摊牌put/lay one’s card on the table

谈判的筹码 bargain chip

逃票 to sneak through without a ticket

逃票者 ticket evader

陶冶情操 cultivate one's taste (temperament)

套利 arbitrage

特别提款权 special drawing rights (SDR; SDRs) ; paper gold

特技演员stunt man; stand-in

特色电话机 feature phone

特许税franchise tax

提高农产品收购价格 the government's increase in its procurement prices (for farm products)

替身演员 stunt man/woman; stand-in

跳槽 job-hopping

跳槽者job-hopper

跳进黄河洗不清eve if one jumped into the Yellow River, one can not wash oneself clean--there's nothing one can do to clear one's name

跳蚤市场 flea market

铁饭碗 iron rice bowl

铁哥们 faithful pal;buddies;sworn friend

铁血宰相 iron-and-blood prime minister

厅长 head of a department (under a provincial government)

通存通兑 the banking procedure where deposits and withdrawals are processed at any branch bank

通货紧缩 deflation (of currency)

同等学力 have the same educational level (as the regular graduate or student of certain academic qualification)

同等学力申请硕士学位统考 general examination for applicants with education background equivalent to college graduates for master's degree

同乡会 an association of fellow provincials or townsmen

统筹安排 comprehensive arrangement

统一市场 single market

统一税 flat tax, consolidated tax

筒子楼 tube-shaped apartment

偷渡者stowaway

偷税、骗税、逃税、抗税 tax evasion, tax fraud, and refusal to pay taxes

偷税漏税 tax evasion

头号种子选手 No.1 seed (player); top seed

投手 pitcher

透过现象看本质 see through the appearance to perceive the essence

土地沙化 desertification of land; desert encroachment

团身 bunch up the body

推广科研成果 turning laboratory achievements into commercial/mass production; commercialization of laboratory achievements

退耕还林还草 grain for green

脱口秀 talk show

脱贫致富 cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity

脱手 release grip

挖墙脚 undermine the foundation of sth.; cut the ground from under sb's feet

外汇管理局 Administration of Exchange Control

外汇管制 foreign exchange control

外卖 take-out

外卖店 take-out restaurant

外商独资企业exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China

外资企业 overseas-funded enterprises

汪辜会谈 Wang Daohan-Koo Chen-fu Talks (Wang-Koo talks)

王储,王太子 Crown Prince

网吧 Internet bar

网关 gateway

网恋 online love affairs

网络出版 online publishing

网络管理员 network administrator

网络经济 cybereconomy

网络空间 cyberspace

网民 netizen; net citizen; cyber citizen

网上冲浪surf the Internet

网上购物 shopping online

网上交易平台 online trading platform

网友 net friend

往事如风 The past has vanished (from memory) like wind.; What in past, is past.

微软移动构想 Microsoft Vision for Mobility; Microsoft Mobility Initiatives

唯利是图 draw water to one's mill

维护人权和不断改善人权状况 safeguard human rights and steadily improve the human rights situation

伪君子hypocrite; a wolf in sheep's clothing

伪劣商品赔还法 lemon law

卫冕世界冠军 reigning world champion

温饱工程 bring-warmth fill-bellies project

文科 liberal arts

文明街道 model community

文韬武略 military expertise; military strategy

稳定压倒一切 Maintaining stability is of top priority

问讯处 information office; inquiry desk

屋顶花园 roof garden

无氟冰箱  freon-free refrigerator 

无人售票 self-service ticketing

无绳来电显示电话 cordless telephone with caller ID

无为而治 govern by doing nothing that is against nature; govern by non-interference

无线应用协议 WAP- wireless application protocol

无形资产intangible assets

无中生有 make/create something out of nothing

武俠小说 tales of roving knights; martial arts novel; kung fu novel

物价局 Price Bureau

物业管理 estate management, property management

西部大开发 Development of the West Regions of China

西气东输 transport the natural gas from the West to the East

吸收游资 absorb idle fund

希望工程 Project Hope

息事宁人 pour oil on troubled waters

洗钱 money laundering

喜忧参半 mingled hope and fear

下放权力给 delegating the management of ... (to ...)

下岗职工 laid-off workers

下海 plunge into the commercial sea

下网 off line

下游行业 downstream industry

险胜 cliff-hanging win, narrow victory, nose out

县改市county upgraded to city

县级市county-level city

现代企业制度 modern enterprise system; modern corporate system

线下商贸运作 offline business operation

香格里拉 Shangri-la

向钱看 mammonism, put money above all

项目立项 approve and initiate a project

项目申报 project application

项目预算 project budget

项目支持 project support

削减战略核武器会谈 strategic arms reduction talks (START)

消费信贷 consumer credit services

消费者权益日/International Day for Consumers' Rights and Interests

消费者协会 consumers' association

小康 a comfortable level of living; a better-off life; moderate prosperity

小康之家 well-off family

小农经济 small-scale peasant economy; autarkical small-scale farming

效益工资achievements-related wages; wages based on benefits

效益农业 profitable agriculture

写真集 special album of photos for kids, women or weddings

心理素质 psychological quality

新宠 new favorite

新干线 the Shinkansen, bullet train

新官上任三把火 a new broom sweeps clean

新新人类 New Human Being;X Generation

新秀 up-and-coming star, rising star

信、达、雅(严复:翻译标准) faithfulness, expressiveness and elegance

信贷支持 credit aid

信息港 infoport; cyber port

信息化 information-based; informationization

信用紧缩 credit crunch

信用危机credit crisis

星期日泰晤士报 the Sunday Times

形式主义 formalism

形象小姐/先生 image representative of a product or a brand

虚拟网 virtual net

虚拟现实 virtual reality

选举权和被选举权 the right to vote and the right to be elected

选举人票 electoral vote

选举人制 electoral system

学而优则仕 (a Confucian slogan for education) a good scholar can become an official; he who excels in study can follow an official career

学生处 students’ affairs division

学生减负 to reduce study load, alleviate the burden on students

寻呼小姐 operators who work with paging centers

巡回招聘 milk round

徇私枉法 bend the law for the benefit of relatives or friends

压水花技术 rip entry

压线(口令) Line!

压轴戏 grand finale; last and best item on a theatrical program

亚健康 subhealthy

严打斗争Strike-Hard Operation, campaign to crack down relentlessly on criminal activities

言情小说 romantic fiction; sentimental novel

研究成果 research results

研究生毕业证/学位证 graduate diploma/graduate degree's diploma

羊肉串小摊 barbecue stall

阳春(最经济方式) no-frills

养老金 pension

养路费 road toll

摇钱树 cash cow

摇头丸 dancing outreach

药物检查 dope control, drug testing

野生动物园 wildlife park; safari park

业内人士 insider

液晶显示屏 liquid crystal display (LCD)

一次性解决问题 solve the problem once and for all

一次性筷子 throwaway chopsticks

一大二公 (concerning the people's commune) large in size and collective in nature

一刀切 cut it even at one stroke--make it rigidly uniform; impose uniformity in all cases; allow no flexibility

一国两制,One country, two systems

一级市场 primary market

一揽子(计划) one-package (plan)

一式两联 (receipt or invoice) in duplicate

一手抓物质文明,一手抓精神文明;一手抓经济建设,一手抓民主法制;一手抓改革开放,一手抓打击犯罪惩治腐败 We must always work for material progress and at the same time for cultural and ethical progress; We should develop the economy and at the same time strengthen democracy and the legal system; We should promote reform and opening to the outside world and at the same time fight crime and punish corruption.

一线员工 worker at the production line

一言既出,驷马难追 A real man never goes back on his words.

医疗保险 medical insurance

移动电话双(单)向收费 two/one-way charges for mobile/ cellular phones

以公有制为主体,多种经济成分共同发展 the pattern with the public sector remaining dominant and diverse sectors of the economy developing side by side

以经济建设为中心 focusing on the central task of economic construction

以谋略制胜 outmaneuver

以权谋私 abuse of power for personal gains

以人为本 people oriented; people foremost

以市场为导向 market-oriented

以质量求发展 strategy of development through quality; win the market with quality products

以质量求生存、求发展、求效益 strive for survival, development and efficiency on the basis of equality

义和团运动 Boxer Uprising

义务兵役制 compulsory military service, conscription

义务教育 compulsory education

义演收入 proceeds from benefit performance

易拉罐 pop can

溢价premium

因材施教 teach students according to their aptitude

银行网点 bank outlets

隐性就业 unregistered employment

应届毕业生 this year's graduates

应试教育 exam-oriented education, examination-oriented education system

营业税 turnover tax; business tax

硬道理 absolute principle, top priority

永久正常贸易关系 permanent normal trading relations (PNTR)

优化结构 optimize structure

优化组合 optimization grouping; optional regrouping

优胜劣汰 survival of the fittest

优势互补 (of two countries or companies) have complementary advantages

邮递协议 Post Office Protocol (POP)

有法可依,有法必依,执法必严,违法必究 There must be laws to go by, the laws must be observed and strictly enforced, and law-breakers must be prosecuted.

有理想、有道德、有文化、有纪律 with lofty ideals, integrity, knowledge and a strong sense of discipline

有情人终成眷属 Jack shall have Jill, all shall be well.

有望夺金者 a gold medal hopeful

有勇无谋 use brawn rather than brain

舆论导向 direction of public opinion

舆论监督 supervision by public opinion

与国际市场接轨 integrate with the world market; become integrated into the global market

与民众的直接对话 town hall conference/meeting

欲穷千里目,更上一层楼 to ascend another story to see a thousand miles further; Ascend further, were you to look farther; Would eye embrace a thousand miles? Go up, one flight.

欲速则不达 Haste does not bring success.

冤假错案 cases in which people were unjustly, falsely or wrongly charged or sentenced; unjust, false or wrong cases

元宵节 Lantern Festival

缘分 (as if by) predestination, be preordained to come together

远程教育 distance learning

远景计划 long-term development targets

运球 dribble

宰(客) to swindle money out of our customers

再贷款 re-lending; subloan

再就业服务中心 re-employment service center

在孵(孵化器)企业 incubated enterprises (incubator)

在职博士生 on-job Ph.D candidate

糟粕 dross

早恋 pupp
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翻译工作者宝贝词汇

度假外交holiday-making diplomacy

短期债务 floating debt

断交信 Dear John letter (from woman to man)

队长袖标(足球) skipper's armband

对...毫无顾忌 make no bones about ...

对冲基金 hedge fund

对外招商 attract foreign investment

多党合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power

多任务小卫星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS)

夺冠 take the crown

厄尔尼诺现象 El Nino phenomenon

恶性通货膨胀 hyperinflation

恶性循环 vicious circle

二板市场; 创业板市场 growth enterprise board; second board; hi-tech board

二次创业 start a new undertaking

二级市场secondary market

二进宫 to enter the palace a second time (people with a past criminal record again commits a crime, and is convicted and put into a correctional institution)

二流选手 scrub, second-rater

二手房 second-hand house

二元经济 dual economy

发案率 incidence (of criminal cases)

发烧友 fancier; zealot; enthusiastic fan

发展不平衡 disparate development

发展是硬道理 Development is of overriding importance. / Development is the absolute need.

法制国家 a state with an adequate legal system

法治国家 a country under the rule of law

翻两番 quadruple

反败为胜 bring about a complete turnabout, pull out of the fire

反不正当竞争法 Law of the People's Republic of China Against Competition by Inappropriate Means

反腐倡廉 combat corruption and build a clean government

防抱死系统 ABS (anti-lock braking system)

防洪工程 flood-prevention project

房管 real estate management

访谈式竞选 (候选人在电视访谈节目中亮相进行的竞选)talk-show campaign

放下架子 to relinquish haughty airs; to get off one's high horse; throw off one's airs

放行单 release permit

飞毛腿(导弹)Scud missile

飞行药检 spot check

非对称数字用户环路 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Loop (ADSL)

费改税 transform administrative fees into taxes

分拆上市 A subsidiary company of a corporation is listed on the stock market.

分流 reposition of redundant personnel

分期付款 installment payment

分税制 system of tax distribution

分销 sub-underwriting, distribution

粉领族 pink-collar tribe (Women who play major role in certain professions such as office workers, secretaries, models, airline hostesses, etc)

风险投资 venture capital; risk investment

封闭式基金 close-ended fund

封杀出局 force out

疯牛病 mad cow disease; bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)

锋利扣杀 razor-sharp smash

扶贫 poverty alleviation

浮动工资 floating wages; fluctuating wages

福利彩票 welfare lotteries

福利分房 welfare-oriented public housing distribution system

复式住宅duplex apartment; compound apartment (a type of residential housing that maximizes usable space by increasing the number of the story building)

覆盖率 coverage rate

改制上市:An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market.

干部队伍革命化、年轻化、知识化、专业化 make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent

尴尬,困境,糟糕 pretty pass

感谢款待的信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone's guest)

港人治港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong

高层次、全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue

高产优质 high yield and high quality

高度自治 high degree of autonomy

高杠杆交易机构 highly-leveraged institutions(HLI)

高官会 Senior Officials Meeting (SOM)

高级商务师 Certified Business Executive

高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road

高科技板块 high-tech sector

高难度动作 stunner, stunt

高清晰度 high definition

高新技术产业开发区 high and new technology industrial development zone

个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment

个人自扫门前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one’s own potatoes

各大菜系 major styles of cooking

各尽所能let each person do his best; from each according to his ability

各就各位On your marks!"

根本政治制度 fundamental political system

跟踪审计 follow-up auditing

工程公司 engineering company

工商局 industrial and commercial bureau

工薪阶层 salariat; state employee; salaried person

工业控制一体化integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration

工业园区 industrial park

公费医疗 medical services at state expense

公告板服务 Bulletin Board Service (BBS)

公积金public accumulation funds, public reserve funds

公检法 public security organs, procuratorial organs and people's courts

公开喊价市场 open outcry markets

公款吃喝 recreational activities using public funds

公路隔离带 median

公司分立与解散 separation and dissolution of a company

公益林 public welfare forest

公正、公平、公开 just, fair and open

公证财产 notarize the properties

功夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits.

恭喜发财 May you be prosperous!; Wish you all the best!

GCD领导下的多党合作与政治协商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party

股本share capital

股本金 equity capital

骨干企业 key enterprise

挂靠 be attached or affiliated to; be subordinate to

挂职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one's position in the previous unit

关税壁垒 customs barrier; tariff wall

光谷 optical valley

光机电一体化 optical, mechanical and electronic integration

光盘杂志 CD-ROM magazine

光通讯 photo-communication; optical communication

广告电话直销direct response advertising

广域网 wide area network (WAN)

归口管理 put under centralized management by specialized departments

国产化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components

国防动员体制 the mobilization for national defense

国际惯例 international common practice

国际化战略 internationalization strategy

国际日期变更线 International Date Line (IDL)

国际商业机器公司 International Business Machine Corporation (IBM)

国家经济体制改革委员会 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems

国家控股公司 state-controlling company

国家普通话水平考试 National Proficiency Test of Putonghua

国家一级保护 first-grade State protection

国家质量技术监督局 the State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision

国脚 player of the national football team; footballer of the national team

国库券 treasury bonds

国民党 Kuomintang

国民经济支柱产业 pillar industries in national economy

国民生产总值 gross national product (GNP)

国内生产总值 gross domestic product (GDP)

国土局 Land and Resources Bureau

国债专项资金 special fund for treasury bond

过度开垦 excess reclamation

过犹不及 going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as wrong as falling short; too much is as bad as too little

海市蜃楼, 镜花水月, 无稽之谈 a mare’s nest

海湾战争综合征 the Gulf War syndrome

函授大学 correspondence university

汉字处理软件 Chinese character processing software

旱地滑雪场 mock skiing park

航母 aircraft carrier

航向错误, 奉行错误方向 on the wrong tack

豪赌 unrestrained gambling

好出风头的运动员 exhibitionist, grandstander

好莱坞大片 Hollywood blockbuster

好球 "Strike"

好事不出门,恶事传千里 Good news never goes beyond the gate, while bad news spread far and wide.

合理引导消费 guide rational consumption

合议庭 collegiate bench

和服 Kimono

核销 cancel after verification

黑店 gangster inn

黑客 hacker

黑社会 Mafia-style organizations; gangland

红包 (中)red paper containing money as a gift, (贬) bribe, kickback

红筹股red chips

红股 bonus share

红帽子企业 red cap enterprise (refers to the reputation a private enterprise enjoys by becoming attached to a government department and doing business in the name of a state-run or collective-run enterprise)

红细胞生成素 Erythropoietin (EPO)

宏观调控 macro-control

后防空虚 leave the defense exposed

后台管理 back-stage management

呼啦圈 hula hoop

胡子工程 long-drawn-out project (a project which takes so long that young workers become bearded)

虎父无犬子 A wise goose never lays a tame egg.

互动广告 interactive advertisement

户口簿 residence booklet

户口管理制度 domicile system, residence registration system

户主 head of a household

护身法宝 amulet

华表 ornamental column/cloud pillar/stele

华盖 canopy

滑板车 scooter

坏球 "Ball"

还俗 resume secular life, unfrock

环太平洋地区 Pacific Rim

换手率 turnover rate

黄、赌、毒 pornography, gambling and drug abuse and trafficking

黄金时段 prime time

灰色收入 income from moonlighting

挥棒 swing

挥棒不中 fan

汇丰银行 Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC)

婚介所 matrimonial agency

婚外恋 extramarital love

活到老,学到老 One is never too old to learn.

火炬计划 Torch Program (a plan to develop new and high technology)

货币化 monetization

货币回笼 withdrawal of currency from circulation

货到付款 cash on delivery

机场建设费 airport construction fee

机构投资者 institutional investor

机构臃肿  overstaffing in organizations (government)

积压产品 overstocked commodities (inventories)

基本国情 fundamental realities of the country

基本路线要管一百年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come.

基层民主 democracy at the grassroots level

基层组织 organizations at the grass-roots level

基础设施 infrastructure

基因工程 genetic engineering

基因突变 genetic mutation

绩优股 blue chip

缉毒队 narcotics squad

缉私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling

激烈竞争 cut-throat competition

吉尼斯世界记录 Guinness (Book of Records)

吉祥物 mascot

集体婚礼 collective wedding ceremony

集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development

计划单列市 city specifically designated in the state plan

计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning

计算机辅助教学 computer-assisted instruction (CAI)

计算机中央处理器 central processing unit(CPU)

记者席 press box

技术产权交易所 technology equity market; technology property right exchange

技术交底 confide a technological secret to somebody

技术密集产品 technology-intensive product

技术下乡 spread technological knowledge to farmers

既成事实fait accompli (noun)

既往不咎, 忘掉旧嫌 let bygones be bygones

加班 work extra shifts

加密 encrypt

加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion

加权平均值 weighted average

家庭联产承包责任制 the household contract responsibility system

家族企业 family firm

嘉宾 distinguished guest, honored guest

甲骨文 inscriptions on animal bones or tortoise shells

假唱 lip-synch

假动作 deception, feint

假日经济 holiday economy

尖端产品 highly sophisticated products

坚持统一,反对分裂,增加了解,化解歧见 persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences

监督部门 watchdog

减负 alleviate burdens on sb.

减速玻璃(汽车)decelerating glass

减员增效 downsizing for efficiency; cut payroll to improve efficiency

剪彩 cut the ribbon

剪刀差 the scissors gap between the prices of ... and ...

江南水乡 the south of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River

讲诚信,反欺诈: honor credibility and oppose cheating

降落伞候选人,外来候选人(应召而来参加本人非所在地区竞选的政党候选人)parachute candidate

侥幸球 fluke

脚踩两只船 sit on the fence

脚踏实地 be down-to-earth

教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people

教学法 pedagogy; teaching method

教育部社政司 Social Science Research and Ideological Work Department of the Ministry of Education

接口 interface

街道企业 neighborhood enterprise

街心花园 park at an intersection; garden in the city center

节奏布鲁斯音乐(RMB音乐) rhythm blues

结售汇制度 the system of exchange, settlement and sales

解放生产力 emancipate the productive forces

解放思想、实事求是的思想路线 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts

解困基金 anti-poverty funds

戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center

戒急用忍 overcome impetuosity and exercise patience; no haste, be patient

金本位 gold standard

金边债券 gilt-edged bonds

金降落伞 golden parachute

金融电子化 computerize financial services

金融危机 financial crisis

金税工程 Golden Tax Project

金无足赤, 人无完人 Gold can't be pure and man can't be perfect.

紧箍咒 inhibiting magic phrase

紧密型企业集团 tightly-knit groups of enterprises

紧追 cling to, shadow, thunder on one's trail

劲射 power shot

近海渔业 offshore fishery

近水楼台先得月 First come, first served; A water-front pavilion gets the moonlight first--the advantage of being in a favored position.

进出口商会 chamber of import and export trade

进口渗透 import penetration

进修班 class for further studies

禁渔期 closed fishing seasons

禁止在任何地方、任何环境进行一切方式的释放核能的核武器试验保爆炸 prohibit any nuclear weapon test explosion which releases nuclear energy at any place and in any environment

京剧票友 Peking Opera fan

京剧人物脸谱 types of facial make-up in Beijing opera

经常项目顺差favorable balance of current account, surplus of current account

经常性贷款 commercial lending

经常性支出 running expenses

经济林 cash tree

经济全球化 economic globalization; economic integration

经济失调指数 misery index

经济头脑 commercially minded people; people with business sense

经营管理高度科学化的现代化大企业 modern big enterprise with highly scientific management system

精简机构 streamline government organs

精品 competitive products

景泰蓝 cloisonné

敬业精神 professional dedication; professional ethics

九五攻关 State Key Task 95

居委会 neighborhood committee; residents' committee

局域网 local area network (LAN)

举报电话 informants' hot-line telephone

拒载 refuse to take passengers

君子之交淡如水 the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedge between keeps friendship green

竣工式 completion ceremony

卡丁车 kart

开发一代,储存一带,预研一代 (产品) to develop this generation of products while researching on the next generation of products

开放式基金 open-ended fund

开工不足 enterprises running under their production capacity

开工典礼 commencement ceremony

开后门under-the-counter deals; offer advantages to one's friends or relatives by underhand means

开题报告 opening speech; opening report, thesis proposal

开小灶 give special favor

开夜车 burn the midnight oil; work over night

看跌/看涨期权 put / call option

看守政府, 看守内阁,过渡政府 caretaker cabinet

抗震棚 quake-proof shelter

考研 take part in the entrance exams for postgraduate schools

考研热 the craze for graduate school

科技成果转化为生产力 transfer of scientific and technological achievements

科技含量 technology content

科技是第一生产力 Science and technology constitute a primary productive force.

科教兴国 rely on science and education to rejuvenate the nation

科研攻关 scientific research and tackle the key research project

可持续发展战略 strategy of sustainable development

可转换债券convertible bond

刻录机 CD writer; disc-carving machine

空头支票 accommodation note, lip service

空中小姐 air hostess; air stewardess

控股公司 holding company

口蹄疫 foot-and-mouth disease

扣帽子 put a label on

跨世纪工程 a trans-century project

跨越式发展 great-leap-forward development

快速反应部队 rapid response force

快讯 news flash; flash

宽带接入 broadband access

宽带网 broadband networks

宽限期 grace period

亏损企业 enterprises running in the red/under deficit

困难职工 the needy

扩大内需 to expand domestic demand

垃圾债券 junk bond

拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth

拉关系 try to curry favor with

拉拉队 cheering squad

拉拉队长 cheer-leader, rooter king

拉尼娜现象 La Nina phenomenon

来电显示电话机 caller ID telephone

来料加工 process materials supplied by clients; accept customers' materials for processing

蓝筹股 blue chips

劳动合同制 labor contract system

老少边穷地区 former revolutionary base areas, areas inhabited by minority nationalities, remote and border areas and poverty-stricken areas

老生常谈,陈词滥调 cut and dried

老字号 an old and famous shop or enterprise

篱笆墙 barriers/ blockage to inter-regional trading

礼尚往来 Courtesy calls for reciprocity.

礼仪小姐 ritual girl

理货公司 tally company

立体农业 three-dimensional agriculture

利改税 substitution of tax payment for profit delivery

利好因素 wrinkle

利基 niche

连带责任 joint liability

联产承包责任制 system of contracted responsibility linking remuneration to output; contract system with remuneration linked to output

联合国会费 the UN membership dues

联合兼并 conglomeration and merger of enterprises

联合联络小组 joint liaison group

联合投标 syndicated tender

联想集团 Legend Group

廉洁奉公,以正治国 (of an official) clean and devoted, and govern the state with his own example of uprightness

廉政、勤政、务实、高效政府 an honest, diligent, pragmatic and efficient government

廉政建设 construction of a clean and honest administration

练摊 to be a vendor

良性循环 virtuous circle

粮食收购部门 (government's) grain procurement (purchasing) agencies

粮油关系:grain and oil rationing registration

两岸直航促进会 Association for Promotion of Cross-Straits Direct Transportation

两弹一艇 A-bomb, H-bomb and nuclear-powered submarine

两个对等的政治实体 "two equal political entities

两个文明一起抓 place equal emphasis on material and ethical progress

两手抓两手都要硬 We must address ourselves to the problem of both material and spiritual civilization(both material as well as culture and ideological progress) without any letup.

两思(致富思源,富而思进) to think of the source of getting rich and of making progress after becoming affluence

两院院士academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering

劣等品shoddy goods; substandard goods

猎头公司 head-hunting company

临时主教练 caretaker coach

零配件 spare and accessory parts

领头羊 bellwether

流动人口 transient population

流动图书馆 traveling library; bookmobile

留得青山在,不怕没柴烧 Where there is life, there is hope.

留学咨询:consulting on the study abroad

留职停薪 retain the job but suspend the salary

龙头老大 leading enterprise; flagship of the industry

路演road show

旅行结婚 have a honeymoon trip

绿地覆盖率 forest coverage rate

绿化 afforestation

绿色急救通道 emergency green path

绿色食品 green food

乱集资、乱摊派、乱收费 unwarranted pooling of funds, arbitrary requisition of donations and exaction of fees from enterprises

乱收费、乱摊派、乱罚款 arbitrary charges, fund-raising quotas and fines

论文答辩 (thesis) oral defense

裸机bare mobile phone

马拉松式竞选活动 campaignathon

马路菜场入室工程 the project to build indoor free market to accommodate street vegetable vendors

马太效应 the Matthew effect (A phenomenon in specific circles whereby one's accomplishments and reputation tend to snowball, and those with meager accomplishments have greater difficulty achieving accomplishments. )

买一送一 two-for-one offer, buy one get one free

满意度 degree of satisfaction

盲流和倒流人员 transient from the countryside

冒充包装(销售)[指将劣质商品包装成外观像名优产品出售的做法] copycat packaging

帽子戏法 hat trick

每逢佳节倍思亲 On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear ones far away./ It is on the festival occasions when one misses his dear most.

美声唱法 bel canto

美食节 gourmet festival

门户网站 portals

门前三包 be responsible for general sanitation, green covering and keeping good social order in a designated area outside the unit building

朦胧诗 misty poetry

蒙古包 (Mongolian) yurt

蒙古大夫 quack

孟子 Mencius

民办教师 teachers in rural schools who do not receive the normal remuneration from the government

民工潮 farmers' frenzied hunt for work in cities

民进党 Democratic Progressive Party

民主党派、工商联与无党派人士 non-Communist parties, federations of industry and commerce, personages without party affiliation

民族国家 nation state

民族凝聚力 national cohesion

民族委员会 ethnic affairs commission

民族文化大省 a province with rich ethnic culture

明明白白消费(2000年保护消费者权益工作主题)transparent consumption

模拟测试 mock test; simulated exam

磨洋工 dawdle along

莫失良机 make hay while the sun shines

目标管理 management by objectives

内耗 in-fighting

内环路 inner ring road

内联企业 enterprises with internal connections

纳米 nanometer

耐用消费品 durable consumer items (goods)

男高音演唱家 tenorist

男权主义思想 male chauvinism

南水北调工程 divert water from the south to the north project

难得糊涂 Where ignorance is bliss, it's folly to be wise.

囊括 complete a sweep

闹情绪 be disgruntled; be in a fit of pique

能官能民 be ready to both serve as an official and be one of the common people

能进能出,能上能下competent to work both at the top and at the grass roots

能上网的手机 WAP phone

泥菩萨过河 like a clay Buddha fording the river-hardly able to save oneself; each one is looking out for his own survival

年同比 year-on-year; on an annual basis

年夜饭 family reunion dinner

扭转局面 reverse the tide, turn the table

农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural labor (laborers)

农工商联合企业 agro-industrial-commercial combines

偶像 idol

派出所 local police station

跑龙套 utility man, play a bit role, general handyman

泡沫经济 bubble economy

配股 allotment of shares

配套政策 supporting policies

棚户 shacks; family that live in shacks

碰钉子 get snubbed

碰头会 brief meeting ( A brief, small-scale, informal meeting with no fixed agenda, the main purpose of which is to exchange information.)

皮包公司 bogus company

疲软股票 soft stock

啤酒肚 beer belly

骗汇、逃汇、套汇 obtain foreign currency and false pretenses, not turn over foreign currency owed to the government and illegal arbitrage

票贩子 scalper, ticket tout

票房 box office

贫富悬殊 polarization of rich and poor

贫铀弹 depleted uranium bomb

平均主义 equalitarianism

平面设计师 graphic designer

平时不烧香,临时抱佛脚 never burn incense when all is well, but clasp Buddha's feet when in distress

评头论足 nit-pick

瓶颈制约 “bottleneck” restrictions

扑网(体) rush-up, rushing

普选制 general election system

期房 forward delivery housing

骑警 horseback police

旗袍 cheong-sam; Chi-pao

企业孵化器 enterprise incubator

企业集团的松散层 loose level (of an enterprise group)

企业文化 corporate culture

起跑器 block

洽谈会 fair, meeting

千禧婴儿 millennium infant; millennium baby

强化班 intensive training program/class

抢跑 false start, beat the gun

敲竹杠make somebody pay through the nose; put the lug on; rob by a trick

切入点 point of penetration; breakthrough point

亲民党 People First Party

勤工俭学 part-work and part-study system; work-study program

轻轨火车 light rail train

清明节 Qingming Festival/ Pure Brightness Festival/ Tomb Sweeping Day

清算/结算 clearing /settlement

情感消费 emotional consumption

情有独钟 show special preference (favor) to …

区位商业 location-based commerce

屈体 jackknife, pike

圈外人士 people out of the loop

全方位外交 multi-faceted diplomacy

全国卫生城市 National Hygienic City

全景电影 cinepanoramic

全面实施以德育为核心、以创新精神和实践能力为重点的素质教育 carry on the quality education centering on moral education and emphasizing creativity and practice

全民健身计划纲要 outline of the nationwide body-building plan

全能冠军 all-around winner

全球定位系统 global positioning system (GPS)

全球通 global system for mobile communications

全天候飞机 all-weather aircraft

全天候服务round-the-clock service

全优工程 all-round excellent project

权贵资本主义(又译裙带资本主义或亲朋好友资本主义) crony capitalism

拳头产品 flagship products; competitive products; knock-out products; blockbuster

裙带风 nepotism; petticoat influence

裙带关系 networking through petticoat influence

群言堂 allow everybody to air his view; let everyone have his say; speak one's mind freely

燃油附加税 bunker surcharge

染指 reap undeserved profit from; encroach upon

绕圈子 beat around the bush

热岛效应 tropical island effect

人才流失brain drain

人浮于事 overstaffing

人工智能 artificial intelligence(AI)

人海战术 huge-crowd strategy

人机交互 human-computer interaction

人际交往 human communication

人均住房 per-capita housing

人口负增长 negative population growth (NPG)

人类免疫缺陷病毒Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV)

人情债 debt of gratitude

认股权证 warrant

任意球 free kick

日本协力银行 Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC)

融资渠道 financing channels

入水时水花很少 clean entry

软新闻 soft news

软着陆 soft landing

塞翁失马,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing.

三八红旗手 woman pace-setter

三步走战略 the three-step development strategy

三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism)

三个代表 "three represents" theory (The Party should always represent the development needs of China's advanced social productive forces, always represent the onward direction of China's advanced culture, and always represent the fundamental interests of the largest member of the Chinese people.)

三个有利于 "three favorables" (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strength of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards

三好学生 merit student; three good student (good in study, attitude and health)

三讲教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) "three emphases" education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct)

三角恋爱 love triangle

三角债 chain debts

三来一补企业 the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade.

三连冠 three successive championships

三十而立 A man should be independent at the age of thirty. / At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself.

三通 three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits

三通一平 "three supplies and one leveling"; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)

三维电影 three-dimensional movie

三维动画片 three-dimensional animation

三无企业 three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)

三下乡 a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers
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金币

大家网研究生三年级

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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-20 13:05 | 显示全部楼层

翻译工作者宝贝词汇

one-off
一次性付清
**
cellular manufacturing
单元式制造;(kan ban(日语的signal的意思),利用它来降低废品率)
**
Del Monte
菲律宾地扪公司(一家生产液体食品的公司)
**
equity EBITDA
指去除少数股东权益之后的EBITDA部分,乘以一个百分比
**
LTM last twelve months
(LTM ended Feb 28, 2003)
**
run rate
一个以当前业绩衡量未来盈利情况的估计值。How the financial performance of a company would look if you were to extrapolate current results out over a certain period of time.
**
Covisint
福特公司的一个电子采购平台,向这个平台的Tier 1供货商发出订单之后,Tier 2/3的供货商就能相应调整生产
**
deconsolidation
分拨(物流术语)
**
PPM, parts per million
百万分之一
**
CKD/SKD CKD
指全散件组装,SKD指半散件组装(semi/completely knocked down)
**
EV/FV; enterprise value/firm value
计算方式为:market capitalization + debt + preferred shares - cash
**
log splitter
锯木机?
**
FASB (Financial Accounting Standards Board)
美国财务会计准则委员会
**
Merger Premium
兼并时所支付的超过market value的部分
**
payback period
项目投资回收时间
**
FCFF (free cash flow to the firm)
闲余现金流量 FCFF = NOP – Taxes – Net Investment – Net Change in Working Capital
**
WACC weighted average cost of capital
公司的debt, preferred stock, common stock的
**
Beta coefficient Beta
系数,用来衡量公司volatility的指标,1表示股价更容易波动 (zero-beta portfolio)
**
CAPM, capital asset pricing model
衡量风险与收益之间关系的一个值,如果收益比风险低,说明某个security不值得投资
**
risk-free return
无风险回报,相当于90天期国债回报
**
amenities
公共福利设施
**
vertical/horizontal integration vertical integration
即将生产过程的上下游全部统一,而horizontal integration类似supply chain management,横向地选择最好的厂商加以合作
**
Jenn Feng
正峰工業股份有限公司(台湾)
**
Techtronics Industries
創科實業有限公司(收购了John Deere的Homelite)
**
Simplicity
收购了Snapper
**
add-on
类似于收购,作为主业的补充?
**
information memorandum
投资资讯备忘录(相当于指南性的投资资料)
**
topline
指sales或revenue,相对于bottom line
**
load/no-load fund
指买入fund时是否需要支付fee
**
GST; goods and service tax
货劳税
**
PST; provincial sales tax
地方营业税
**
corporate/market cannibalization
自相蚕食(指公司自己推出另外一个与本公司已有产品竞争的产品,从而导致自相竞争)
**
Hummer
东风汉马(军用越野车)
**
vanilla transaction
“一般”交易,没有特殊条款的 to keep costs down
**
limited recourse financing
有限追索权融资
**
quorum
法定人数
**
"tender offer
标购;股权收购;(Tender Offer主要是指收购者面向股东,绕过管理层提出收购公司的价格建议。多个标购者会在价格竞争中表达自己的战略意图和管理能力,在股东和董事会的公开选择下胜出。所以许多经济学家把Tender Offer,称为对资本主义的修正,是资本主义的"
**
(tax) incidence
归宿;承担者
**
a priori probability
演绎/推理概率
**
accounting profit
与implicit costs的对比;与economic profit相对;in the long run, the economic profit will equal zero
**
alternative cost
即opportunity cost
**
alternative hypothesis
对立假设(即推翻null hypothesis之后即行成立的假设)
**
bank run
挤兑
**
Bayes'''' formula (theorum)
贝叶斯 P(I!O)*P(O) = P(O!I)*P(I)
**
bells and whistles
修饰得更好的东西
**
Beta
这是单个stock的系统风险,考虑了business, financial, liquidity, exchange rate, country/political risk, 再乘以上述基准即得到该股票的expected return
**
binomial distribution
二项分布
**
block (minimum size)
成批
**
Board of Governors
美联储理事会
**
"BOP (balance of payments)
国际收支 国际收支平衡表(Balance of Payments Statement)是一个国家在一定时期内(一年、半年、一季或一个月)所有对外外汇收支的系统记录,并应用会计原则,是按照会计核算的借贷平衡方式编制,经过调整最终达到帐面上收付平衡的统计报表。它
**
budget constraint line
预算约束线(与indifference curve的切点为最佳点(投入最少))
**
caveat
警示语
**
central limit theorem
声称sample mean接近population mean,而s等于s/n1/2
**
chebyshev''''s inequality
切比雪夫不等式(在k>1时,分布在k个standard deviation内的事件几率不小于1-1/k2(百分比表示)
**
clearing house
清算中心;清算所
**
closed-circuit TV
闭路电视
**
coefficient of variation = s/X
变异系数(等于standard deviation除以mean),描述的是偏移量与均值之间的相对关系;越大说明偏移得越厉害
**
collection
托收
**
consumer surplus
消费者愿意付出比market price多的部分
**
continuously compounded rate of return
等于In(s1/s0),注意,永远小于等于HPR
**
correlation coefficient
关联系数=Cov/S1*S2
**
critical value
临界值;实际上就是对应confidence interval的z值,也相当于standard deviation/error的倍数
**
cross rate
因为interbank与local的quote方式不同而成为必要
**
crowding-out effect
排挤效果。. 在经济学原理上,当政府施实扩张性财政政策(IS曲线右移)时,造成市场利率上升,反而使民间投资减少的的情况。
**
cumulative density function (cdf) F(x)=(x-a)/(b-a)
累积分布函数
**
"currency board "
货币发行局(机制) 在货币自由浮动的国家,一般都能享有货币政策的自主权,而货币政策(monetary policy)往往是影响经济的一种手段。例如经济疲弱,银行没有足够银根借予企业,便会将利率推高,于是企业可能会因为利率高企,而被迫裁员,甚至结业。对此情
**
"
一个国家货币汇率的稳定性是十分重要,特别是一个国家的国民生产总值若大部分与国际贸易有关,稳定的汇价对于出入口商进行国际贸易将更为方便。以港元为例,以1美元兑7.8港元的汇率进行兑换,出入口商便不用考虑美元兑港元的汇率风险。而货币发行局机制,基本是稳定汇率的一
**
data set
数据集;subset
**
platykurtic
扁平状
**
power of the test
等于1 - 出现Type II error的几率,如果有多个tests,应该选取最powerful,也即power of the test值最大的test
**
preclear, prior clearance
事先批准(比如防止雇员私自个人交易)
**
price discrimination
价格歧视;差别定价
**
price taker vs. price searcher price searcher
生产的是differentiated products, while price taker manufactures the same products, therefore it is inelastic
**
principal-agent problem
地主-佣工之矛盾
**
probability density function (pdf) f(x)=1/(b-a)
几率密度函数
**
proprietary trader
(证券)自营商
**
provision "
拨备“
**
proxy voting
代理投票
**
"purchasing power parity
购买力平价理论 (Purchasing Power Parity) 指出,货币汇率应该按照每个国家之间的相对物价为标准,也就是说,两个货币的汇率应该等于这两个国家的物价水平(以一固定揽子的货物和服务来计算)的比例。因此,如果物价上升或出现通胀,货币就应该贬值
**
quantile
分位数
**
range
极差(统);最大值减去最小值
**
ratio scale
比例尺度(最好的表示法,例如钱)
**
real risk-free rate
即利率
**
referral fee
介绍人(客户)费
**
required reserve ratio
(银行)要求准备金
**
sampling distribution sampling
引起的不同mean的distribution,注意,这和underlying variable的distribution是不同的
**
sampling error
相当于sample mean减去population mean
**
scatter plot
分布图(两个变量作为X、Y轴)
**
second law of demand
指从长期来看,price elasticity要比短期的大(因为短期不好找到substitute,而长期可以找到)
**
Securities Firms with Concurrent Operations in
(Futures Trading Business ) 他业兼营
**
SFratio = (E(Rp)-Rl)/s
这里SF指satety first,该公式与Sharpe ratio很像(Rp-Rf)/s,区别是用threshold值代替了risk-free return,其含义是:同一个unit的风险,高于Rl的值越大,越好 注意:threshold的值取得不同,最佳portfolio的选取结果也是不一样的
**
Sharpe ratio=(Rp-Rf)/standard deviation of portfolio It measures excess return per unit of risk, so that the quality of the return of different portfolios can be compared
,描述每单位风险带来的收益。注意与变异系数的区别。
**
shortfall risk
(资产)价格掉到某个水平之下的风险
**
sight L/C
即期信用证
**
significance level
显著标准;用于衡量出现Type I 错误的几率;用Alpha表示 写为at a significance level of 5%
**
simple linear regression
一个倚变数和一个自变数之间的线性关系
**
simple random sampling
被选中的机会均等
**
skewness
偏态(理解positive skew和negative skew的形成(是因为有非常大的outlier的存在,造成比如mean>median>mode, 对于positive而言)
**
special drawing rights (with IMF)
特别提款权
**
spot
现货
**
spurious correlation
伪关联
**
"SPV (Special Purpose Vehicle)
资产证券化是指将缺乏流动性但能够产生未来现金流的资产,通过结构性重组,转变为可以在金融市场上销售和流通的证券,并据以融资的过程。在这一过程中,原始权益人将被证券化的基础资产转移给特别目的载体(SPV),SPV以该基础资产所产生的现?
**squared error
平方误差
**
stagflation
滞胀
**
standard error
等于s/n1/2,因为是mean的s,所以要比underlying population的s要小很多,而且sample size越大,s越小
**
"standard error of sample mean
等于:s/n1/2 (s是population的standard deviation,而n是sample size) 相当于:不同sample means 的mean仍然是population的mean,但是sample means离polulation mean的standard deviation则要小了 如果population的s未知,则用sample的s近?
**
standard normal distribution
标准常态分布 features: 1. Mean=0; 2. S=1 (standard deviation)
**
statutory (tax) incidence
政府规定是由买方还是卖方承担tax;不会影响实际的tax incidence或deadweight loss
**
stratified random sampling
与simple的不同之处在于其是在strata中选取的
**
sunk costs
即fixed costs
**
test statistic
检定统计量(=(sample statistic - hypothesized value)/standard error)
**
time series sample vs. cross-sectional data
一个是不同时间点,一个是同一个时间点
**
trade-date accounting vs. settlement-date accounting
交易发生日 和 结算日
**
t-test 条件比z-test更宽泛(sample size)
汉英口译分类词汇——热门话题词汇
AA制 Dutch treatment; go Dutch

B to B (B2B) business to business

B to C (B2C) business to consumer

NASDAQ National Association of Securities Deal Automated Quotations

艾滋病(获得性免疫缺陷综合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

安居工程 housing project for low-income urban residents

按成本要素计算的国民经济总值 GNP at factor cost

按揭贷款 mortgage loan

按揭购房 take out a mortgage to buy a house; buy a house on time

按劳分配 distribution according to one's performance

暗亏 hidden loss

暗恋 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly

奥姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult

巴黎证券交易所 Paris Bourse

把…当成耳旁风Like water off (on) a duck’s back


把握大局 grasp the overall situation

白马王子 Prince Charming

白色农业 white agriculture (also called "white engineering agriculture"; It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.)

白色行情表 white sheet

白手起家 starting from scratch

白雪公主 Snow White

摆架子 put on airs

摆谱儿 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances

拜把兄弟 sworn brothers

拜年 pay New Year calls or visits

搬迁户 relocated families

半拉子工程 uncompleted project

傍大款 (of a girl) find a sugar daddy; be a mistress for a rich man; lean on a moneybags

棒球运动记者 scribe

包二奶 have a concubine (originally a Cantonese expression)

包干到户 work contracted to households

包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash

包工包料 contract for labor and materials

保持国民经济发展的良好势头 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy

保持国有股 keep the State-held shares

保健食品 health-care food

保理业务 factoring business

保税区 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area/zone

保证金 margins, collateral

保证重点支出 ensure funding for priority areas

保值储蓄 inflation-proof bank savings

报国计划的实施 implementation of Dedicator's Project

奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life

本本主义 bookishness

本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches

笨鸟先飞 A slow sparrow should make an early start.

蹦击 bungee, bungee jumping

逼上梁山 be driven to drastic alternatives

比较经济学 comparative economics

比上不足,比下有余 worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst

闭门羹 given cold-shoulder

边际报酬 marginal return

边缘科学 boundary science

便携式电脑 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer

变相涨价 disguised inflation

标书 bidding documents

表演赛 demonstration match

剥夺冠军 strip the gold medal of somebody

博彩(业)lottery industry

博士生 Ph.D candidate

补缺选举 by-election

不败记录 clean record, spotless record

不承诺放弃使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force

不打不成交 No discord, no concord.

不到长城非好汉 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.

不分上下的总统选举结果the neck-and-neck presidential election result

不可再生资源 non-renewable resources

不良贷款 non-performing loan

不夜城 sleepless city, ever-bright city

不正之风 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency

布达拉宫 Potala Palace

步行天桥 foot bridge

擦边球 edge ball, touch ball

擦网球 net ball

财政收入 fiscal revenue

采取高姿态 show magnanimity

菜篮子工程 shopping basket program

参政、议政 participate in the management of State affairs

仓储式超市 stockroom-style supermarket

沧海桑田 Seas change into mulberry fields and mulberry fields change into seas--time brings great changes to the world. / What was once the sea has now changed into mulberry fields--the world is changing all the time.

藏学 Tibetology

草根工业 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wild grass)

层层转包和违法分包 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting

查房 make/go the rounds of the wards

差额投票 differential voting

差额选举 competitive election

拆东墙补西墙 rob Peter to pay Paul

拆迁户 households or units relocated due to building demolition

搀水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value)

产粮大省 granary province

产品结构 product mix

产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管理 clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management

产权制度、产权关系 property relations; property order

产销直接挂钩 directly link production with marketing

产业的升级换代 upgrading of industries

产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure

长江三角洲 Yangtze River delta

长期共存、互相监督、肝胆相照、荣辱与共 long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe

长线产品 product in excessive supply

畅通工程 "Smooth Traffic Project"

唱高调 mouth high-sounding words

超高速巨型计算机 giant ultra-high-speed computer

超前消费 over-consuming, excessive consumption

朝阳产业 sunrise industry

炒作 speculation

彻头彻尾的反动政治势力an out and out reactionary political force

成份指数 component index

成组技术 group technology

承包 contract with

承销商underwriter

城市规划 city's landscaping plan; urban planning

城市中年雅皮士 muppie (一批中年专业人士,附庸风雅,矫揉造作cutesification,崇尚竟品至上boutiqueification,攀比银行存款bankification等摆阔作风,由middle-aged urban yuppie缩合而成)

城乡信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas

吃大锅饭 egalitarian practice of "everybody eating from the same big pot"

吃皇粮 receive salaries, subsidies, or other supported from the government

抽杀成功 hit through

筹备委员会 preparatory committee

筹资 raised capital/proceeds

出风头 show off; in the limelight

出家 pravrajana; cloister

出口创汇能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports

出口加工区 export processing zones

出口卖方信贷 seller's credit on exports

出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate

出口押汇 bill purchased (B/P); outward documentary bill

出口转内销 domestic sales of commodities originally produced for exports

传销 pyramid selling; multi-level marketing

窗口行业 various service trades

创建卫生城市:build a nationally advanced clean city

创业园 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park

吹风会 (advanced) briefing

春蕾计划 Spring Buds Program

春运 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival

辞旧迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new

磁悬浮列车 Maglev (magnetically levitated train)

此地无银三百两 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence.

次新股 sub-new stock

从粗放经济转变为集约经济 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy

粗放式管理 extensive management

促进全球经济一体化 foster integration with the global economy

存款保证金 guaranty money for deposits
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-20 13:06 | 显示全部楼层

翻译工作者宝贝词汇

**
Money Market
货币市场(系指包括金融拆放市场以及一年期以下短期有价证券进行交易的公开市场)。
**
Commercial Paper
短期及無抵押借據,一般由具信譽企業所發行
**
Red Chip
在香港註冊和上市,但是控股權屬中國的公司。
**
Support/resistance Level
支持價位/阻力价位。買家的數目總多於賣家的數目,使價格不能繼續下降時的價格。
**
SEHK
香港聯合交易所有限公司
**
Trust Deed
信託契約(信託成立的法律文件,清楚訂出信託的條款,信託人及受益人姓名。 )
**
bulge bracket
最大的投资银行集团
**
red herring preliminary prospectus
(非正式招股说明书)
**
preemptive rights offering
优先配股(股票以比市价更低的价格出售给现有持股人)
**
Shenzhen Development Bank
深发展
**
carrier
运输商
**
forwarder
运输商
**
overseas foray
海外拓展
**
axle gear
桥齿轮
**
vehicular manufacturer
车辆制造商
**
ground clearance
最小离地间距
**
transfer case
分动箱(后备的,用来转移多余的Torque?)
**
Differential(Auto)
差速器
**
propeller shaft
传动轴
**
4WD (four wheel drive)
四轮驱动
**
Gasket
衬板;衬垫
**
ABS (Anti-Lock Brake System)
防 鎖 死 煞 車 系 統
**
Mechatronic Systems
机电系统
**
fluid power
流体
**
continuous variable transmission
无级变速器
**
planetary gear
行星齿轮
**
coil spring
螺旋弹簧
**
rear/side tipper
后/侧翻斗车
**
tanker
罐式汽车;油罐车
**
special purpose vehicle
特种车
**
power takeoff (PTO)
取力器
**
bevel gear
锥齿轮
**
long-haul transport
长途运输
**
Cardan Joint
万向接头
**
steering knuckle
转向节
**
Buyout Fund
收购型基金
**
MBI
管理层换购,指由一支新的管理队伍替换现任管理层,并由其收购、控制公司
**
niche market
小而专的市场;小规模特定市场
**
PIPE Private Investment in Public Equity;
已上市公司再向投資者募集資金
**
benchmarking
基准管理;标杆管理
**
PCB printed circuit board (
印刷电路板)
**
Buyout
出让?
**
return
资本利得
**
SPC (special purpose corporation)
特设的机构, 即金融资产的买方(主要是投资银行),再出售ABS
**
"QFII(Qualified Foreign Institutional Investors)
合格的外国投资者制度。中国台湾、韩国、印度、巴西等国家和地区在20世纪90年代初就设立和实施了这种制度。QFII制度是许多国家和地区,特别是新兴市场经济体普遍实施的在货币没有完全可自由兑换、资本项目尚未开放的情况下g
**
water utilities
水务
**
consolidated statement
合并报表
**
displacement
(摩托车)排气量
**
Bore Stroke
内径×行程
**
Starting mode
启动方式
**
sparking mode
点火方式
**
compression ratio
压缩比(指气缸总容量与压缩室的容量比。)
**
sports utility vehicle SUV (
多用途车)
**
MPV (multi-purpose vehicle)
商用车(能坐多人,比如别克的GL 7 seater)
**
RV (Recreational vehicle)
休闲车(SUV是RV的一个分支)
**
paint
喷漆
**
press workshop
冲压车间
**
body workshop
车身车间
**
Daimler Chrysler
(DCX) 戴克
**
Aeolus Automobile
风神汽车
**
centralized competitive pricing
(auction bidding) (开盘)集合竞价
**
ADR (American Depository Receipt)
美国存托凭证(外国投资者委托美国机构设立存托凭证,从而在美国的市场上进行交易,分为三级,级别越高,SEC的登记要求就越高)
**
tombstone
墓碑广告(承销结束后在报纸上刊登的反映承销商地位的广告)
**
broker/dealer/market maker (function is to maintain liquidity)
经纪商/自营商/作市商
**
specialist
特许作市商(在一个市场上专门负责某个股票交易的作市商,比较多元作市商(一个股票有若干个作市商))
**
asset-light strategy
轻资产战略
**
sub-compact
微型车
**
stamping
冲压(件)
**
Newbridge Capital
新桥投资(新近接手了深发展)
**
Bain Capital
贝恩投资
**
COGS (cost of goods sold)
商品销售成本
**
distributor
分销商(bigger than dealer)
**
in house
指将诸如分销商、供应商等并入自己的公司
**
hurdle rate
预设回报率;分割收益率
**
carried interest
附带收益(按照获利的一定百分比拨给经理人(普通合伙人),从10%到30%不等,一般是年度获利的20%;而在20%扣除后,剩下的则按照出资在有限合伙人之间分配)
**
performance fee
(基金中)的绩效费(在扣除了preferred return之后,与management fee相对)
**
preferred return
优先收益(基金中投资人应得的部分,6%)
**
superannuation
超年金(政府年金之外建立的养老保险)
**
soft landing
软着陆
**
Bloomberg
彭博资讯
**
premises
办公场所
**
net profit margin
净边际利润率
**
ROA/ROE/ROI
资产回报率/净资产回报率(股本回报率)/投资收益
**
Valuation Modelling
估值模型
**
private equity investment
私募股权投资
**
withholding tax
预扣税;预提税(一个主权国家对外国资金的一种管理方式,可分为红利预提税(Dividend Withholding)和利息预提税(Interest Withholding Tax)
**
money-laundering
洗钱
**
custodian
;custodian fee (基金)托管人;托管费
**
stamp duties
印花税
**
capital gains tax
资本收益税 (unrealized capital gains,为了逃避capital gains tax,很多assets没有变卖,所以也就成了未实现资本收益,同时也造成了locked-up capital );比如买股票之后卖掉就相对于实现了资本收益。比较:capital loss
**
Federal Reserve Bank
联邦储备银行
**
tax-exempt
免税的
**
capital formation
资本结构;集资
**
(investment) vehicle
(在融资中)指用于融资的载体或工具
**
IRR
内部收益率(internal rate of return)=使投资的净现值等于零的贴现率
**
business line
主营业务
**
pro rata
按比例的,a "pro rata" share
**
trust indenture
(基金)的信托契约(规定基金的条款)
**
financial holding company
金融控股公司(类似于混业经营的金融公司)
**
promissary note
;P/N (是notes receivable的一种) 本票,期票
**
maturity date
到期日
**
letter of Guarantee (L/G)
(银行)保证书(函)
**
NPV (net present value)
现净值(PV为现值)
**
prospectus
(在fund中相当于基金条款说明);公开说明书
**
redemption
(基金单位unit)的赎回
**
price/book value
市净率(市值/实际值),(上市公司指数:越高表示公司成长性越好)
**
best practice
最佳的(比如best practive evaluation)
**
limited/general partner (in funds)
有限/普通合伙人(基金)(有限合伙人即出资人,按所出的金额程度责任;普通合伙人为基金管理人,出资一般为1%,需要为资金负全部责任)
**
screening
筛选
**
deal structuring
交易构造(创业企业(即被投资企业)与投资基金之间的一系列协议,规定金融工具选择、交易价格、协议条款)
**
Executive Summary
要点概述
**
marketability
可操作性
**
break-even business valuation studies
公司评估
**
mezzanine financing
夹层融资(Venture capital term used to describe a company which is somewhere between startup and IPO. )
**
"ETF (Exchange Traded Funds)
交易所交易基金,是一种在交易所买卖的有价证券,代表一揽子股票的所有权,通常基于某一指数进行完全被动式管理,兼具股票和指数基金的特色,所以也被称为指数股票或指数参与单位。它被分割为一定规模的投资单位,可以连续发售和用一揽子股票赎e
**
merger/acquisition/consolidation
兼并/收购/合并(兼并涉及企业重组,而收购一般只是业务重组;兼并善意,收购恶意;合并则是A+B=C)
**
spin-off/divestiture
分拆/剥离(分立为按照比例将资产和负债独立出去形成一个新公司;剥离则是出卖部分资产)spin-off: split-off(子股换母股;母公司仍然存在);split-up(完全拆分;母公司不复存在,分为几个子公司)
**
poison pill
毒药防御(收购)计划
**
DCF (discounted cash-flow)
折现现金流量法(计算某一种投资标的,在未来一段时间内(通常10年),预期可以得到的现金流量及残余价值,利用折现法折现成目前的价值。)
**
tender offer
(takeover bid) 公开股权收购(收购某公司的一种做法,也称hostile takeover)
**
Bank of China International
中银国际控股有限公司
**
fairness opinion
公正意见书
**
job rotation
轮岗
**
mandate
委任书(相当于将融资的选择权完全交给投行;mandated transaction, mandated bank)
**
State Asset Regulatory Commission
国资委
**
bookrunner
簿记管理人(指银团中的leading bank,负责单据的收发存放)
**
(in) good faith
本着诚信的原则
**
Steve Wang
即王玮
**
letter of understanding/intent, MOU (memorandum of understanding)
意向书
**
liquid food
饮料
**
finance house
金融公司
**
license agreement
许可协议
**
financial advisor
财务顾问(注意:可以指某个机构,也可以指人)
**
engagement letter
(审计)委托/说明书
**
"earn-out
获利能力付款方案(指根据所收购公司的未来盈利能力来支付后期分期付款的支付方式。可以有首付款,也可以是零付款。不过这种方式对于卖方是比较吃亏的,因为等于是拿自己本来应该赚的钱来pay自己)(A clause in a contract between a large company that is buying
**
installment sales
分期付款(出售一家公司)
**
trailing twelve month (TTM)
过去所采用的财务12个月框架(The timeframe of the past twelve months (the past year) used for reporting financial figures.)
**
Delaware
特拉华州(D''''Long Capital的注册地)
**
non-binding
不具约束力的
**
Eco-power
经济型的
**
short list
(人数已经缩减的)候选人名单
**
surety
担保
**
demand deposit
活期存款(区别于term deposit)
**
unit trust
单位信托基金 A unit trust is a collective investment scheme under which the investible securities of the fund are held on trust for the investors (similar to Mutual Fund).
**
front-end load
(购买基金时)先付手续费;销售费
**
gear
相当于leverage,Measure of the degree to which a business is funded by debt rather than shareholders'''' equity. The US expression for the same thing is leverage. A highly geared, or highly leveraged, company carries a lot of debt.
**
(mandatory) provident fund
准备基金(比如pension?)
**
toll road
收费公路(算作基础设施)
**
covenant-not-to-compete
竞业禁止协议 (an an agreement that restrains or prevents a person or business from performing a lawful profession, trade or business is generally considered to restrain free trade and is not favored by the courts. )
**
Samurai bond
武士债券(即外国针对日本投资者在日本发行的以日元计价的债券,类似的还有Yankee bond)
**
Merchant bank
在欧洲指investment bank
**
ABN
荷兰银行
**
CICC (China International Capital Corporation Limited)
中国国际金融有限公司(中金公司);中银则指BOCI, Bank of China International, 是中国本土的投行。
**
sponsor
保荐人(类似于上市推荐人,香港通称保荐人,在联交所的主板上市规则中关于保荐人的规定也类似于上交所对于上市推荐人的规定,主要职责就是将符合条件的企业推荐上市)
**
"Tobin''''s Q
托宾Q值(=公司市场价值/资产重置成本),如果Q值小于1,说明价值被低估;如果>1,则说明无形资产所占的比重。实践上广泛采用的是Q值的近似值, 即股票市值对公司净资产值的比率,净资产是公司资产中可归属于股东的部份。该比率即众所周知的“市值与面值”的比率g
**
golden parachute
镀金降落伞(为了防止恶意收购而采取的增加管理层解职代价的措施)
**
severance package
遣散费
**
treasury stock
库藏股(指发行之后又被公司回购的股票,不计入资产,只算是股东权益的减少部分)
**
convertible/redeemable preferred
可转/可赎回优先股
**
senior/junior security; subordinated debt
优先/次级证券
**
taxable income/pretax accounting income
应税收入/税前收入(一个是呈交税务机构,一个是出现在利润表上的)
**
unabsorbed overhead
指没有直接对利润做出贡献,但继续发生的管理费用。比如合同中途中止,但费用还在继续发生。
**
CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate), e.g., 10-year CAGR
年综合增长率
**
KAM Key Account Management
(关键客户管理)
**
debtor-in-possession (DIP)
债务人持有资产 A company that continues to operate while under the Chapter 11 bankruptcy process.
**
chapter 11/chapter 7 chapter 11/7
破产(美国),chapter 11规定由一个Creditor组成的委员会进行监管,但公司继续运营;而Chapter 7则规定公司进入清算(参考DIP)
**
defensible niche
拥有巩固地位的市场;独霸的市场
**
discharge/dischargeable (liabilities/debts)
可以豁免的(债务)
**
2002A, 2003E, 2004P, 2002B
分别是Actual, Estimated, Projected, Budget
**
capital expenditure (Cap. Ex.)
资本支出(指用于购买厂房、设备等的支出)
**
headcount
员工人数
**
tranche
分期付款的份额??
**
escrow
公正第三人(相当于保证人??)
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发表于 2009-7-20 13:09 | 显示全部楼层
不错的帖子。很实用的词汇。谢谢楼主。
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发表于 2009-9-27 10:17 | 显示全部楼层
Useful! Thank U!
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大家网大学二年级

Rank: 15Rank: 15Rank: 15

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发表于 2009-10-1 08:27 | 显示全部楼层
it is treasure resources and very useful .
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