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BBC新闻重点讲解:第一次登月40周年纪念

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发表于 2009-7-24 09:29 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


BBC News with Fiona McDonald.
President Barack Obama has marked the 40th anniversary of the first lunar landing by praising the astronauts of the Apollo 11 mission for inspiring a generation of scientists and engineers. The president was speaking after meeting the first men to walk on the moon, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin. Kevin Connolly reports.
Like millions of other Americans, Barack Obama remembers precisely where he was as the drama of Apollo 11th mission unfolded. In his case as a young child growing up in Hawaii, he recalled watching with his grandfather for the spaceship’s safe return to earth and being told it was an example of how America could do anything to which it set its mind. America’s space agency wants the Obama administration to agree to send NASA crews back into space, first to the moon and then to Mars, and the decision may come this year. But Mr. Obama gave no hint that he is ready for such an expensive and risky undertaking.
India and the United States have agreed in a defense pact that boosts American arms sales to India. At a news conference in Delhi, the American Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said there’ll be a monitoring agreement to ensure that India did not transfer sensitive technology from American weapons to other countries. She said the two countries had also agreed to boost nuclear cooperation.
Prime Minister Singh told me that sites for two nuclear parks for US companies have been approved by the government. These parks will advance the aims of the US-India civil nuclear agreement, facilitate billions of dollars in US reactor exports and create jobs in both countries.
The American Defense Secretary Robert Gates has announced a temporary increase in the size of the American army. Mr. Gates said an extra 22,000 troops would be needed for the next three years. He said it would ease strains caused by military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Today, I am announcing a decision to temporarily increase the active duty end strength of the army by up to 22,000. That is a temporary increase from the current authorized end strength--permanent end strength of 547,000 to an authorized temporary end strength of 569,000 active duty soldiers.
A bomb blast has killed 4 American soldiers in Afghanistan making July the deadliest month for international troops there since the war began in 2001.
Two Bosnia Serbs have been given long prison terms by a United Nations tribunal for war crimes against Muslim civilians during the Bosnian war of the early 1990s. Milan Lukic was found guilty of several offenses including killing more than a hundred people by locking them in two houses. They were then set on fire using explosives. He was sentenced to life. Sredoje Lukic, sentenced to 30 years in prison, was found guilty of involvement in one of the house fires.
World News from the BBC.
Gunmen from the Somali militant group Ashgabat have looted two United Nation’s compounds in Southern Somalia. Earlier the group had said that three UN agencies were enemies of Islam and will be shut down. Peter Greste reports.
According to a statement issued by Ashgabat, three UN agencies had been found to be working against the benefits of the Somalia Muslim population and against the establishment of an Islamic state. The agencies include the UN Development Program, the Department of Safety and Security, and the UN’s Political Office for Somalia. Soon after the statement, gunmen arrived at two UN compounds in Baidoa and Wajid. There they began looting cars and other equipment. No staffs were harmed in either incident but they underscore the increasingly difficult conditions for aid workers trying to operate in Somalia.
British press reports say a Saudi princess has been granted asylum after having an illegitimate child by an Englishman. The independent newspaper said the princess told a British judge that she would be stoned to death for adultery if she returned home. She is said to have met her English boyfriend who is not a Muslim during a visit to the UK and returned to England after her elderly husband became suspicious of her behavior.
The former President of Peru Alberto Fujimori is being sentenced to seven and a half years in prison after being convicted of paying a 15-million-dollar bribe to his former security chief. He is already serving a 25-year term for human rights abuses. Mr. Fujimori told the court that he had paid the money to his aide Vladimiro Montesinos because he feared that he was planning to overthrow the government.
European scientists say they have discovered why a 10-year-old girl born with half a brain has nearly perfect sight in one eye. The German girl’s condition would normally have deprived her one-field vision, left or right. But the scientists say their test show that as the girl has grown up, her brain has effectively rewired itself to compensate so that she sees with the power of two through one eye.

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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-24 09:30 | 显示全部楼层
第一次登月40周年纪念日,美国总统奥巴马称赞阿波罗11号任务宇航员激励了一代的科学家和工程师。奥巴马在会见第一次登月的宇航员阿姆斯特朗(Neil Armstrong)和布兹·奥尔德林(Buzz Aldrin)之后发表了讲话。Kevin Connolly报道。
与其他数百万美国人一样,奥巴马清晰的记得阿波罗11号成功登陆的情景。他在夏威夷长大,当时还是一个孩子,他回忆起当时和他的祖父一起观看飞船安全返回月球,这个例子告诉他们,美国能够做到任何决心做的事情。美国太空署希望奥巴马政府同意再次运载NASA成员返回太空,首先去月球,然后去火星。今年可能做出最终决定。但是奥巴马没有显示出任何准备进行这个昂贵危险的任务的迹象。
印度和美国达成国防协议,该协议将促进美国向印度的武器销售。在德里举行的新闻发布会上,美国国务卿希拉里说,还会出台监管协议,确保印度不会将来自美国武器的敏感技术转交给其他国家。她说,两国还同意促进核合作。
印度总理跟我说,政府已经批准为美国公司提供的两个核工业园。这两个工业园将实现美国印度之间的核协议目标,为美国反应堆出口提供数十亿美元的设施,为两国创造大量就业机会。
美国国防部长罗伯特·盖茨宣布临时增加美国军队数量。盖茨说,未来三年将需要增加22,000人的军队。他说,这将缓解美军在伊拉克和阿富汗的军事行动引起的紧张形势。
今天,我宣布将美国军队临时扩编22,000人。目前的兵力共547,000人,现在,我们将临时扩编到569,000人。
阿富汗一枚炸弹发生爆炸,造成4名美国士兵死亡,使7月份成为自2001年战争开始以来对国际军队来说最致命的一个月。
两名波斯尼亚塞尔维亚人被联合国法庭判处长期监禁,理由是上世纪90年代初波斯尼亚战争期间对穆斯林平民发动战争。Milan Lukic被控多宗罪行,包括将200多人锁在两所房子内将其杀害,随后将房子点燃。Milan Lukic被判处死刑。Sredoje Lukic因参与纵火被判处30年监禁。
BBC世界新闻。
来自索马里激进组织Ashgabat的持枪分子洗劫了索马里南部的两座联合国建筑。此前,该组织声称三个联合国机构是伊斯兰教的敌人,应该被关闭。Peter Greste报道。
根据Ashgabat发表的声明,三家联合国机构的工作违反索马里穆斯林的利益,违反建立伊斯兰国家的利益。三家机构包括联合国发展项目,安全部门和联合国驻索马里政治办公室。声明过后不久,持枪者很快抵达位于Baidoa和Wajid的两栋联合国建筑。随后,他们开始洗劫汽车和其他设备。两起事件中均无人员伤亡,但是这使得索马里的救助人员形势更加艰难。
英国报纸报道称,一名沙特阿拉伯王妃与一名英国男子非法生子,在英国获取庇护权。这家独立的报纸称,王妃告诉英国法官,如果她回国,将要接受石刑。据称,她年长的丈夫对她的行为产生怀疑,随后她在访问英国期间结识了现在是穆斯林的英国男友。
秘鲁前总统阿尔佩托·藤森因向前安全部长行贿1.5亿元被判处7.5年监禁。他已经因践踏人权服刑25年。藤森向法官交代,他将钱交给了助手Vladimiro Montesinos,因为他担心他在计划推翻政府。
欧洲科学家称,他们发现了一名出生时只有一半大脑的10岁女孩为什么一只眼睛拥有接近完美的视力。按照这名德国女孩的情况,正常情况下她的一只眼睛会失明,无论是左眼还是右眼。但是科学家说,他们的测试表明,随着女孩不断长大,大脑开始有效地自动更新补偿,这样,她的一只眼睛就集中了两个视场。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-24 09:30 | 显示全部楼层
1.inspire v.吸(气), 鼓舞, 感动, 激发, 启示, 使生灵感, 产生吸入, 赋予灵感
例句:If you want to inspire your customers, you must first inspire your employees.
       要吸引更多的客户,你就必须首先吸引公司的员工。
2.precisely ad.精确地, 明确地, 刻板地, 拘泥地, 正好, 恰恰, 对, 正是如此, 确实如此, 不错
例句:This essay is well argued and precisely reasoned.
       这篇论文说理充分,论证严谨。  
3.recall vt.回想, 回忆, 召回, 撤消, 使恢复
例句:I can no longer recall his exact words.
      他确切的话我已回想不起来了。
4.risky a.危险的
例句:It was a risky operation, but might buy more time.
       这样做有风险,但可能会赢得更多的时间。
5.undertaking n.事业, 企业, 保证
例句:We should make concerted efforts in planning the great undertaking together.
      我们应当齐心协力共谋大业。
6.boost vt.推进, 提高, 宣扬, 促进
例句:The handbook is a good demonstration of how to boost the productivity of the plant.
       手册详尽地阐述了提高这个工厂生产力的方法。
7.ensure vt.确定, 保证, 担保, 保护
例句:This economic model can't ensure them a future.
      这种经济模式很难保证他们未来的发展。
8.facilitate vt.使容易, 促进, 帮助
例句:The funding will help facilitate development of green technologies.
      这笔基金将有助于发展环保科技。
9.loot v.洗劫, 抢夺
10.underscore vt.划线于...下,强调
11.compensate v.偿还, 补偿, 付报酬
例句:The passengers asked this airline to compensate them for cancelling the flight.
       旅客们要求航空公司赔偿因航班取消带来的损失。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-24 09:30 | 显示全部楼层
1.In his case as a young child growing up in Hawaii, he recalled watching with his grandfather for the spaceship’s safe return to earth and being told it was an example of how America could do anything to which it set its mind.
set his mind下定决心
例句:The premier set his mind against all the appeals.
       首相打定主意不理会一手诉愿。
2.They were then set on fire using explosives. He was sentenced to life.
set on fire焚烧
例句:University students set the Embassy on fire this morning.
      一群大学生今天早晨放火烧使馆。
sentenced to life判处终身监禁
3.Earlier the group had said that three UN agencies were enemies of Islam and will be shut down.
shut down关闭
例句:The Maine Yankee Nuclear Power Plant was shut down in 1996 for economic reasons.
       缅因洋基核电厂因为经济原因于1996年关闭。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-24 09:31 | 显示全部楼层
1.President Barack Obama has marked the 40th anniversary of the first lunar landing by praising the astronauts of the Apollo 11 mission for inspiring a generation of scientists and engineers.
参考翻译:第一次登月40周年纪念日,美国总统奥巴马称赞阿波罗11号任务宇航员激励了一代的科学家和工程师。
结构分析:这句话的前半部分是主干,by praising the astronauts of the Apollo 11 mission是表示方式,for inspiring a generation of……是臣称赞的原因。
2.At a news conference in Delhi, the American Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said there’ll be a monitoring agreement to ensure that India did not transfer sensitive technology from American weapons to other countries.
参考翻译:在德里举行的新闻发布会上,美国国务卿希拉里说,还会出台监管协议,确保印度不会将来自美国武器的敏感技术转交给其他国家。
结构分析:这句话的主语和谓语是the American Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said,At a news conference in Delhi是状语,there’ll be a monitoring agreement是宾语从句, to ensure是不定式做后置定语,修饰agreement。that India did not transfer……是宾语从句,是ensure的宾语。
3.But the scientists say their test show that as the girl has grown up, her brain has effectively rewired itself to compensate so that she sees with the power of two through one eye.
参考翻译:但是科学家说,他们的测试表明,随着女孩不断长大,大脑开始有效地自动更新补偿,这样,她的一只眼睛就集中了两个视场。
语法学习:so that可以引导目的状语从句, 也可以引导结果状语从句。
  例如: He worried so that he couldn’t sleep.他急得睡不着。(so that引导结果状语从句) // It was very cold, so that the river froze.天气寒冷, 河水都结冰了。(so that引导结果状语从句) // I came to the class early so that I could see the classmate beside me.我赶早来上课, 以便早点看到我旁边的同学。(so that引导目的状语从句)
   表示“如此……以致……”的“so... that...”和“such... that...”均可引导结果状语从句, 其中的such 是形容词, 修饰名词; so 是副词, 修饰形容词或副词, 具体的搭配形式是:
  (1)“so+adj./adv.+that”, “so+adj.(+a/an)+n.+that”;
  (2)“such(+a/an)(+adj.)+n.+that”。
  例如: He speaks so fast that no one can catch him. 他说话太快, 无人听得明白。// There is so rapid an increase in population that a food shortage is caused. 人口增长如此迅速, 以致造成了粮食短缺。// Our country has so much coal that she can export large quantities. 我们国家的煤炭非常丰富, 可以大量出口。(so与表示数量的代词many, few, much, little等连用已经形成固定搭配, 这些场合下不能换用such的对应结构表示) // The shop sells so expensive goods that I want to buy nothing in it. 这家商店出售的货物价格昂贵, 以致我在里面不想购买任何东西。// He’s such a good person that we mustn’t blame him. 他是这样好的人, 我们不能怪他。// They are such fine teachers that we all hold them in great respect. 他们是非常好的老师, 我们对他们极为尊敬。// It is such nice weather that I would like to go to the beach. 天气如此之好, 我想去海滩。
  如果结果状语从句的主语与主句的主语相同, 可用so (adj./adv.) as to取代该结果状语从句, 注意体会以下例句: The weather was bad, so as to make a good photo hard to take. 天气恶劣, 以致难以拍出来好照片。// He was so kind as to phone for a taxi for the patient. 他是如此热心, 以至于他为病人打电话叫了出租车。// How could you be so stupid as to believe him? 你怎么这么笨, 竟相信了他的话?
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