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[阅读] BBC新闻重点讲解:被罢免洪都拉斯总统短暂穿越边境

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发表于 2009-7-28 10:48 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

BBC News with Victoria Meekim.
The deposed President of Honduras Manuel Zelaya has made a brief crossing back into the country from neighboring Nicaragua for the first time since his removal from office in June. Mr. Zelaya crossed a few meters into Honduran territory. Steven Gibbs reports from the border crossing.
Surrounded by hundreds of supporters and dozens of TV crews, the president lifted the chain dividing Honduras and Nicaragua. He crossed into Honduran territory. The Honduran army retreated 25 meters, apparently considering what to do next. The Honduran government had since repeated its intention to arrest the exiled President. Quite how it will manage that given this volatile situation remains unclear.
The US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has described Mr. Zelaya’s action as reckless. She asked all parties to avoid any provocative action that could lead to violence.
The President of Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has bowed to pressure from hardliners and canceled the appointment of his chosen vice-President Esfandiar Rahim Mashai. He made his decision after receiving a direct order from the Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. Jon Leyne Reports.

President Ahmadinejad was under pressure ever since he promoted Mr Mashai to be first vice-President just over a week ago. Mr. Mashai was criticized for suggesting that Iranians were friends with Israeli people, even though he shared the same bitter language against the State of Israel used by all officials in the Islamic Republic. The criticism finally became irresistible when a letter from the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali was broadcast on State TV, calling Mr. Ahmadinejad to sack his controversial vice-President.
President Obama says he regrets contributing to what he describes as the frenzy over the arrest of an African-American professor by a white police officer in Massachusetts. The arrest under president’s criticism of the police set off a heated debate on race which Mr. Obama says show the sensitivity of black people to such incidents. Mr. Obama’s latest intervention came after he spoke by telephone to the arresting officer who he described as a good man.

"Because this has been ratcheting up, and I obviously helped to contribute ratcheting it up. I want to make clear that in my choice of words, I think I unfortunately gave an impression that I was maligning the Cambridge Police Department or Sergeant Crowley specifically. And I could’ve calibrated those words differently. "
Italian archeologists have discovered the remains of five well-preserved ancient Roman ships and their cargos under the sea of the small Mediterranean Island of Ventotene. The cargos which are largely intact contain items such as fish source, kitchen tools and glass objects. Archeologists said the vessels could be up to 2000 years old.
This is the world news from the BBC in London.
The American computer giant Microsoft has agreed to offer computer users a choice of Internet web-browsing software. The move is designed to avert legal action by the European Union for violating its anti-monopoly rules. Microsoft says its new Windows 7 operating system which goes on sale later this year will still include its Internet Explorer web-browser, but users will be allowed to disable it. The European Union executive has welcomed the move.
The World Health Organization says swine flu has reached 160 countries globally but it’s still in its early stages and could infect 2 billion people over the next two years. A senior official in the World Health Organization fight against swine flu K.G.Furcada said the pandemic would continue to spread for some time.
Swim suits made from advanced materials that have been credited with helping send world records tumbling are likely to be banned from next year. The sports governing body FINA says swim suits will in future have to be made of textiles as Alex Capsticks reports.

This new ruling from swimming’s world governing body FINA is the latest twist in a long-running and confusing saga over hi-tech body suits. More than 130 world records have been set since they were introduced last year. The latest designs are made of plastic which many athletes and coaches have said add buoyancy and speed. But from January, they will have to be made of more traditional forms of material although the exact details have not been made clear. FINA has also said they must only cover parts of the body so that they are more like the old-style trunks.
A woman in Britain who is winning lottery ticket was cashed in by other people says she is considering suing the lottery company over the missing money. The woman Dorothy McDonagh should’ve collected 50,000 dollars in October last year. But by the time she realized she dropped the ticket, the prize has been claimed by a couple who were later convicted of fraud.

And that's the latest BBC news
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-28 10:49 | 显示全部楼层
洪都拉斯被罢免总统塞拉亚自6月份被推翻以来首次从邻国尼加拉瓜短暂穿越边境回国。塞拉亚仅踏入洪都拉斯边境几米的距离。Steven Gibbs在边境报道。
塞拉亚由数百名支持者和十几家电视台工作人员簇拥着,提起分开洪都拉斯和尼加拉瓜之间的铁链。他踏入了洪都拉斯领土。洪都拉斯军队撤退了25米,很明显在考虑下一步怎么做。自那时起,洪都拉斯政府重复了逮捕被驱逐总统的意图。在这种反复无常的形势下,接下来政府会怎样处理还不明晰。
美国国务卿希拉里称塞拉亚的举动是鲁莽的。她呼吁各方避免任何挑衅性的举动,以免导致暴力冲突。
伊朗总统内贾德向来自强硬派的压力低头,取消了对第一副总统马沙伊的任命。他在收到伊朗最高领袖哈梅内伊的直接命令后作出该决定。Jon Leyne报道。
自一周前艾哈迈迪-内贾德任命马沙伊为第一副总统以来一直面临压力。马沙伊一直声称伊朗人民和以色列人民是朋友,这使他收到广泛批评,尽管他和其他所哟伊斯兰共和国官员一样使用了同样痛苦的语言。最后,当来自最高领袖哈梅内伊的信件在国家电视台公布之后,批评变得不可抗拒。哈梅内伊要求内贾德解雇有争议的第一副总统。
马萨诸塞州一名白人警察逮捕了一位非洲裔美国教授。奥巴马总统称他非常遗憾为这次逮捕之后的激烈反应做了贡献。警方这次逮捕活动受到总统的批评,同时也引发了一场关于种族的辩论,奥巴马称,这体现了黑人对类似事件的敏感。奥巴马与实施逮捕的警察通话,称他是一个好人,随后对该事件进行了最新的干预。
“因为这件事已经被扩大化,而很明显,事态扩大也有我的原因。我想表明,由于我的措辞,我很不幸的制造了这种印象,就是我在诽谤剑桥警察部门,尤其是Sergeant Crowley。我应该事先审视一下那些用词。”
意大利考古学家在地中海小岛Ventotene发现了五艘保存完好的古罗马船只和货物。货物大部分保存完好,主要是鱼产品,厨具和玻璃物体。考古学家称这些沉船已有2000年的历史。
BBC世界新闻。
美国电脑巨头微软公司同意向电脑用户提供网络浏览软件新选择。此举是为了避免欧盟对其违犯反垄断法采取法律行动。微软称其新的window7操作系统将在今年底上市,仍然会包括IE浏览器,但是用户可以将其卸载。欧盟管理人员对此举表示欢迎。
世界卫生组织称,猪流感已经个扩散到全球160个国家,但是仍然在初级阶段。在未来的两年,该病毒将感染20亿人口。世界卫生组织对抗猪流感的高级官员福田敬二称,大流行仍然将扩散一段时间。
从明年开始,用高级材料制造的据说能够帮助选手获取世界纪录的泳衣可能被禁止。运动管理部门FINA称,未来泳衣必须用纺织品制作。Alex Capsticks报道。
来自世界游泳管理部门FINA的新规定是对高科技泳衣长久而困惑的传说的扭转。自从去年这种高科技泳衣被引进以来,已创造了130多项世界纪录。最新的设计由塑料制造,许多运动员和教练称这有助于增加浮力和速度。但是从一月份开始,泳衣必须用更加传统的材料制作,尽管细节问题还没有明确。FINA还表示,泳衣必须只覆盖部分部位,这样就更像传统样式的泳衣。
一名应该女子赢得彩票大奖后被其他人提取现金。这名女子称正在考虑将彩票公司提起法律诉讼。去年10月份,Dorothy McDonagh赢得50,000美元大奖,但是当她意识到自己的彩票丢失之后,大奖已被一对夫妇领走。后来确认这对夫妇诈骗。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-28 10:49 | 显示全部楼层
1.retreat v.撤退, 隐退, 向后倾
例句:After the light rain, the shady retreat on the green hills became more and more distinct.
      细雨过后,山色越发显得翠微。
      Shall we advance or retreat?
      我们是前进还是撤退?
2.volatile a.挥发性的, 可变的, 不稳定的
例句:We had better not trade stock anymore, the market is very volatile now.
      我们最好不要买卖股票了,市场现在非常不稳定。
3.reckless a.不介意的, 大意的, 鲁莽的, 不顾后果的
例句:It was reckless of him to skate out onto the thin ice.
      他溜冰溜到了冰层很薄的地方,真是胡来。

4.provocative a.激发感情的, 挑拨的, 刺激的
例句:They are being provocative and controversial just to spite us.
      他们这样挑衅和争论就是要故意刁难我们。
5.irresistible a.不可抵抗的, 不能压制的
例句:The trend of reforms is irresistible.
      改革的趋势是不可阻挡的。
6.calibrate v.测定口径, 校准, 使标准化, 调整
例句:make fine adjustments for optimal functioning calibrate an instrument.
      为了达到最佳状态而作细致地调节。
7.intact a.尚未被人碰过的, 原封不动的, 完整的
例句:Several buildings were still intact after the earthquake.
      地震过后,有几栋楼仍然完好无损。
8.avert v.转开, 避免, 防止
例句:In order to avert spring diseases, medicines are given to every family in the village.
      为了防止春瘟的蔓延,村子里给每家都发了药品。
9.disable v.使失去能力, 使残废, (律)使无资格
例句:There are occasions when we would like to disable the close button on a dialog or any other window.
      有时我们需要禁用对话框或其它任何窗口的关闭按钮。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-28 10:49 | 显示全部楼层
1.He made his decision after receiving a direct order from the Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.
make a decision作决定
例句:The government will discuss these matters today and make a decision shortly.
      政府今天要讨论这些事情,然后即刻作出决定。
2.The arrest under president’s criticism of the police set off a heated debate on race which Mr. Obama says show the sensitivity of black people to such incidents.
set off 引起
例句:This question set off a fierce debate.
      就这个问题掀起了一场激烈的辩论。
3.Because this has been ratcheting up, and I obviously helped to contribute ratcheting it up.
ratchet up推进,扩大
例句:electricity prices will ratchet up this year
      今年电价将升高
4.I want to make clear that in my choice of words, I think I unfortunately gave an impression that I was maligning the Cambridge Police Department or Sergeant Crowley specifically.
make clear that明确表示
例句:We have make it clear that agriculture is the foundation of the national economy.
      我们已经讲明农业是国民经济的基础。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-7-28 10:50 | 显示全部楼层
1.The deposed President of Honduras Manuel Zelaya has made a brief crossing back into the country from neighboring Nicaragua for the first time since his removal from office in June.
参考翻译:洪都拉斯被罢免总统塞拉亚自6月份被推翻以来首次从邻国尼加拉瓜短暂穿越边境回国。
结构分析:这句话的主干是Manuel Zelaya has made a brief crossing back into the country。The deposed President of Honduras修饰Manuel Zelaya。from neighboring Nicaragua是地点状语。since his removal from office in June是时间状语。
2.President Obama says he regrets contributing to what he describes as the frenzy over the arrest of an African-American professor by a white police officer in Massachusetts.
参考翻译:马萨诸塞州一名白人警察逮捕了一位非洲裔美国教授。奥巴马总统称他非常遗憾为这次逮捕之后的激烈反应做了贡献。
结构分析:what he describes as the frenzy……是介词to的宾语从句。what可以引导各种名词性从句。
3.Swim suits made from advanced materials that have been credited with helping send world records tumbling are likely to be banned from next year.
参考翻译:从明年开始,用高级材料制造的据说能够帮助选手获取世界纪录的泳衣可能被禁止。
结构分析:这句话的主干是Swim suits are likely to be banned from next year.made from advanced materials是过去分词做后置定语,修饰Swim suits。that have been credited……是定语从句,也是修饰Swim suits。
4.FINA has also said they must only cover parts of the body so that they are more like the old-style trunks.
参考翻译:FINA还表示,泳衣必须只覆盖部分部位,这样就更像传统样式的泳衣。
语法学习:so that引导目的状语从句。目的状语从句可以由表示“为了, 以便”的so that(有时省略so), in order that和表示“以免, 以防”的lest, for fear that, in case引导(lest, for fear that后的目的状语从句一般要用“可以省略的should+动词原形”的虚拟语气形式; in case后的目的状语从句多用虚拟语气, 但也可用陈述语气)。例如: They set out early that they might arrive in time. 他们早点动身, 以便及时到达。// She takes notes carefully in class so that she may use them when she reviews her lessons after class. 她在课堂上认真记笔记, 以便她能在课后很好地复习功课。// He shouted at the top of his voice in order that he might be heard. 他尽力大声叫喊, 以便别人能听见。// I will not make a noise lest I (should) disturb you. 我不出声, 以免打搅你。// He is working hard for fear that he (should) fail. 他认真学习, 以免考不及格。// Take your umbrella in case it rains. 带上雨伞, 以防下雨。
如果表示“为了, 以便”的目的状语从句的主语与主句的主语相同, 可用in order to或 so as to取代该目的状语从句, 注意体会以下例句: He hurried through his work in order to catch the train. 他匆匆干完手中的活, 为的是能赶上火车。// I sent the plans in order for you to study them fully before the meeting. 我寄上这些计划以使你会前充分研究一下。 // The desks are kept some distance apart, so as to prevent cheating. 这些书桌都隔着一段距离摆放, 以防作弊。 // I came so early as to catch the first train. 我起得早, 以便能赶上头班火车。
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