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[阅读] BBC新闻重点讲解:伊朗表示从根本上反对核武器

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发表于 2009-9-23 18:13 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
BBC News with David Austin.
A multinational commodity trading company, Trafigura, has agreed to pay compensation to tens of thousands of people who say they were made ill by chemicals dumped in Ivory Coast three years ago. Each one will receive some 1,500 dollars. The company said it did not accept liability, but regretted any distress caused to the local population by the waste dumping. Rebecca White reports.
Thousands of residents in Ivory Coast's main city, Abidjan, reported a range of health problems after chemical waste was dumped there in 2006, now 31,000 of them have been offered compensation by Trafigura in a multimillion dollar settlement. The company accepted that a firm they'd hired dumped chemical waste there illegally three years ago, but they denied the waste was toxic and say the settlement completely indicates them. Two years ago, Trafigura gave nearly 200 million dollars to the Ivorian government, part of which was used to compensate the families of 16 people who, it was claimed, died because of the waste.
The Supreme Leader of Iran, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, says the United States knows it's wrongly accusing his country of try to develop nuclear weapons. In a speech at Tehran University to mark the end of Ramadan, Ayatollah Khamenei said that despite his friendly words, President Barack Obama was pursuing what he called for same policy of Iran-phobia as his predecessors.
The western countries falsely accuse the Islamic republic’s establishment of producing nuclear weapons. We fundamentally reject nuclear weapons and prohibit the use and production of them.
It's Iran's first official comment since America's decision to scrap a European missile intercept system aimed at threats from Iran.
President Obama has rejected an appeal from seven former directors of the CIA to abandon an investigation into allegations of prisoner abuses under the Bush administration. The former chiefs had argued that the inquiry risked discouraging CIA officers from undertaking the kind of aggressive intelligence work needed to fight terrorism. President Obama said it was important to examine the allegations.
I appreciate the former CIA directors wanting to look out for an institution that they helped to build, but I continue to believe that nobody's above the law and I wanna make sure that as President of the United States that I am not asserting in some way that my decisions overrule the decisions of prosecutors who are there to uphold the law.
Community leaders in Kenya have warned that the country's worst drought for years is causing increasing violence between rival tribes. More than 30 people have died in clashes. Elders told a BBC correspondent that old feuds were surfacing again because of a lack of arable land and water.
World News from the BBC.
Reports from Gaza say two Palestinians, one of them a militant have been killed by Israeli tank fire in northern Gaza. Palestinian medical sources say they were hit by an Israeli shell. The incident came several hours after Israeli state radio said two rockets were fired overnight into Israel from inside Gaza without causing injuries or damage.
A doctor in Berlin is being held by police after he admitted giving drugs to a therapy group leaving two patients dead and another in a coma. Media reports suggested the drugs included heroin and ecstasy, but the police would not confirm this. From Berlin, here is Gesdonal More.
When police arrived at the house in a quiet suburb of Berlin, they found the body of a 59-year-old man. He'd been taking part in a mysterious group therapy session which ended in tragedy. In all 12 people have signed up for the therapy and they were given a lethal cocktail of drugs as part of their treatment. A 28-year-old man died later in hospital, and other members of the group suffered severe poisoning.
Hundreds of thousands of people have packed into Revolution Square in the Cuban capital Havana for an international concert aimed at promoting reconciliation between the communist island and its opponents. The concert called Peace Without Borders was organized by the Miami-based Colombian rock singer Juanes who says he's received death threats from some anti-communist Cuban exiles in the United States. He's backed up by 14 other groups from Latin America, Spain and Cuba itself who was expected to be the largest concert ever held on the island.
A group of Italian Muslims have defied a ban by the authorities and celebrated the Eid festival marking the end of Ramadan in public prayer gatherings in Rome. An Islamic group had requested permission to offer prayers in the center of the city. However, the Roman authorities said that all celebrations should be conducted in the city's only mosque.
And those are the latest stories from BBC News.
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-9-23 18:14 | 显示全部楼层
数十万人称他们因三年前倾倒在象牙海岸的化学物质患病。跨国商品贸易公司Trafigura同意向他们支付赔偿,大约每人1,500美元。该公司称,他们不为此事承担责任,但是为垃圾倾倒事件为当地人民带来的苦恼表示遗憾。Rebecca White报道。
2006年大批废物被倾倒在象牙海岸之后,象牙海岸主要城市阿比让数千居民报告出现一系列健康问题,现在,Trafigura提供了数百万美元的和解方案,已有31,000人收到赔偿。该公司承认,他们雇佣的一个公司三年前曾非法倾倒化学废物,但是他们拒绝承认这些废物有毒,他们表示,和解方案已经表明了他们的清白。两年前,Trafigura向象牙海岸政府提供了2亿美元,其中一部分用于赔偿据称因该废物而死亡的16名死者家属。
伊朗最高领袖哈梅内伊称,美国知道自己指控伊朗试图发展核武器是错误的。在德黑兰大学发表讲话纪念伊斯兰斋月节结束时,哈梅内伊称,尽管用词比较友好,奥巴马总统正试图像其前任总统一样实行伊朗恐怖症政策。
西方国家指控伊斯兰共和国试图制造核武器,这是子虚乌有的。我们从根本上反对核武器,也禁止制造和使用核武器。
这是自美国决定放弃用于抵抗伊朗威胁的欧洲导弹拦截系统以来伊朗首次作出正式评论。
CIA7名前负责人呼吁奥巴马总统放弃对布什政府期间的虐囚事件进行调查,奥巴马总统拒绝了他们的要求。CIA前领导们辩称,调查工作会重挫情报人员的积极性,使他们不能进行打击恐怖主义所需的工作。奥巴马总统称,对指控进行调查是非常重要的。
我理解CIA领导们希望保护自己创立的机构的愿望,但是我仍然相信,无人能够凌驾在法律之上,作为美国总统,我希望能够确保我的决定不会否决制定法律的检察官们的决定。
肯尼亚社团领导警告称,该国几年来最严重的干旱导致各部落之间的暴力事件升级。目前已有30多人在暴力冲突中死亡。年长者告诉BBC记者,由于缺少可耕种土地和水源,过去的封地运动现在再次出现。
BBC世界新闻。
来自加沙的报道称,两名巴勒斯坦人在加沙北部的以色列坦克交火中死亡,其中一人为好战分子。巴勒斯坦医疗组织称,他们是被以色列炮弹击中。该事件发生前几小时,以色列国家电台称,两枚火箭弹夜间从加沙内部射入以色列,未造成人员伤亡和财产损坏。
柏林一名医生承认为一个治疗队提供药物,导致两名病人死亡,另外一名昏迷。这名医生被警方逮捕。媒体报道表明,这些药物含有海洛因和摇头丸,但是警方并未证实这一点。柏林,Gesdonal More报道。
当警察抵达柏林寂静的郊区一所房屋时,他们发现了一名59岁男子的尸体。他参加了一个神秘的医疗组织,最终惨败收场。共有12个人签名进行治疗,他们接受了一种致命的混合药物,作为治疗的一部分。后来,一名28岁的男子在医院死亡,该组织其他成员严重中毒。
成千上万的人涌入古巴首都哈瓦那的革命广场欣赏国际音乐会。这次盛会旨在促进共产党和其敌人之间的调解。该音乐会名为“和平无国界”,由来自迈阿密的哥伦比亚摇滚歌手Juanes组织。他表示,他曾收到美国一些反共产主义古巴流亡人员的死亡威胁。他由来自拉美,西班牙和古巴的其他14个组织支持,预期将成为哈瓦那曾举行的最大的音乐会。
一些意大利穆斯林藐视官方禁令,在罗马的公共祈祷集会上庆祝伊斯兰斋月节的结束。一伊斯兰团体曾要求允许祈祷者在市中心举行庆祝活动。然而,罗马当局表示,所有庆祝活动只能在该市唯一的清真寺举行。
以上就是最新的BBC新闻。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-9-23 18:15 | 显示全部楼层
1.multinational a.多国的,多种国籍的
n. 多国籍公司,跨国公司

例句:The company has been bought by one of the big multinational.
      这个公司被一家大跨国公司买下。
2.liability n.责任,债务,倾向,束缚
例句:Heavy liabilities forced the company into bankruptcy.
      沉重的债务迫使公司破产。
3.distress n.悲痛,悲伤,痛苦;不幸,危难
例句:I was most distressed to learn about that.
      得悉此事我很感悲伤。
4.toxic adj. 有毒的;因中毒引起的
例句:The factory had been sending out toxic fumes.
      这家工厂一直在排放有毒的废气。
5.reject vt.拒绝,抵制,否决
例句:The boy rejects other people's criticism.
       那男孩拒绝别人的批评。
6.prohibit v.禁止,阻止,不准许
例句:The high cost prohibits the widespread use of the drug.
      该药昂贵影响广泛应用。
7.scrap v.扔弃,敲碎
8.undertake v.从事,保证,承担,同意,接受
例句:Students protested covert actions undertaken By the CIa.
      学生们抗议中央情报局的隐蔽举动。
9.overrule vt.统治,威压,打败,驳回
例句:The judge overruled the previous decision.
      法官宣布撤销原判。
10.arable a.适于耕种的,可耕的
11.conduct v.引导,带领;处理,管理;指挥;传导
例句:We are going to conduct a public opinion poll.
      我们将进行民意测验。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-9-23 18:15 | 显示全部楼层
1.I appreciate the former CIA directors wanting to look out for an institution that they helped to build, but I continue to believe that nobody's above the law and I wanna make sure that as President of the United States that I am not asserting in some way that my decisions overrule the decisions of prosecutors who are there to uphold the law.
look out for当心…,留神…,提防…
例句:We were taught to look out for Bad drivers.
      我们被教导要当心恶劣的司机。
      Look out for a sign to the motorway.
      留意通往高速公路的路标。
2.Elders told a BBC correspondent that old feuds were surfacing again because of a lack of arable land and water.
surface在这里是比较形象的用法,表示死灰复燃,浮出水面
3.Hundreds of thousands of people have packed into Revolution Square in the Cuban capital Havana for an international concert aimed at promoting reconciliation between the communist island and its opponents.
pack into装进,挤进,涌入…
例句:These clothes won't all pack into one suitcase.
      这些衣物一个箱子装不下。
aim at旨在,目的在于
例句:This book is aimed primarily at computer science.
       本书论述的主要是计算机科学。
      The factory must aim at increasing production.
       工厂应致力于增加生产。
4.He's backed up by 14 other groups from Latin America, Spain and Cuba itself who was expected to be the largest concert ever held on the island.
back up支持
例句:I am always backing you up.
      我每次都支持你!
      Harris will back me up wholeheartedly as he used to.
      哈里斯会像过去一样全心全意地支持我。
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-9-23 18:15 | 显示全部楼层
1.Two years ago, Trafigura gave nearly 200 million dollars to the Ivorian government, part of which was used to compensate the families of 16 people who, it was claimed, died because of the waste.
参考翻译:两年前,Trafigura向象牙海岸政府提供了2亿美元,其中一部分用于赔偿据称因该废物而死亡的16名死者家属。
结构分析:这句话的前面部分是主干,后面都是修饰成分,part of which是定语从句,修饰200 million dollars。it was claimed是插入语。who died because of the waste是定语从句,修饰16 people。
2.President Obama has rejected an appeal from seven former directors of the CIA to abandon an investigation into allegations of prisoner abuses under the Bush administration.
参考翻译:CIA7名前负责人呼吁奥巴马总统放弃对布什政府期间的虐囚事件进行调查,奥巴马总统拒绝了他们的要求。
语法学习:这句话的主干是President Obama has rejected an appeal。from……表明来自谁的。to abandon an investigation是不定式做后置定语,修饰appeal。
不定式在句中做定语通常做后置定语,即放在被修饰名词或代词后。它通常有以下几种用法:
(一)不定式常可用来修饰物,表示要做某事。
如:1).The next train to arrive was from NewYork.下一列到站的火车是从纽约开来的。
2).I have nothing to say on this question.在这个问题上,我没有什么话要说。
3). We are looking for somewhere to live.我们正在找一个地方住。
(二)不定式还可用来修饰人。
如:1).He was the first guest to arrive.他是第一个到达的客人。
2).Miss Brown was the next person to rise to speak.布朗小姐是下一个起来发言的人。
3).He was a brave man to do what he did.他是个勇者才有这样的行为。
(三)很多特定的名词后也可用不定式做定语,这样的名词常用的有:way,time,reason,chance,opportunity,need,wish,effort,right,ambition等。
如:1).It's time for you to get up and go to school.你该起床去上学了。
2).There is no reason to doubt his word.没有理由怀疑他的话。
3).They have now an opportunity to go abroad to study further.他们现在有机会出国深造。
(四)某些动词或形容词后可接不定式时,它相应的同根名词也常用不定式做定语。
如:1).He made an attempt to learn English well.他试图学好英语。(attempt to do sth)
2).His ability to get on with people is his chief advantage.他能和人相处是他的主要优势。(be able to do sth)
3).I don't trust his promise to come for a visit.我不相信他来访的诺言。(promise to do sth)
3.I appreciate the former CIA directors wanting to look out for an institution that they helped to build, but I continue to believe that nobody's above the law and I wanna make sure that as President of the United States that I am not asserting in some way that my decisions overrule the decisions of prosecutors who are there to uphold the law.
参考翻译:我理解CIA领导们希望保护自己创立的机构的愿望,但是我仍然相信,无人能够凌驾在法律之上,作为美国总统,我希望能够确保我的决定不会否决制定法律的检察官们的决定。
结构分析:这句话比较长,但是基本都是并列或者转折的成分,由and,but连接。make sure that后面是that引导的宾语从句,确保的具体内容。that my decisions overrule the decisions是定语从句,修饰some way。who are there to uphold the law也是定语从句,修饰prosecutors。
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