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2010年职称英语考试经典词汇总结及下载

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发表于 2009-11-25 09:57 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 猜猜猜个 于 2009-11-25 10:03 编辑


2010年职称英语考试经典词汇总结(1)

  1. Can you follow the plot?

  A. change B. investigate C. write D. understand

  D. 考点:考察常用多义词。

  Follow: vt, vi(常与after连用)跟随,密切注意,明白

  e.g. Sorry, I can not follow your method.

  补充:

  follow: vt. 听从;服从

  e.g. The soldiers must follow the officers orders.士兵们必须执行军官的命令

  as follows 如下

  e.g. The results are as follows... 结果如下…

  2. The outlook from the top of the mountain is breathtaking.

  A. view B. sight C. look D. point

  A. 考察常见词。解题思路:借助搭配借题。参考解题技巧:形相近的往往不是解。

  Sight: n.视力, 视觉, 眼界, 观看, [常用复]名胜; 风景

  at first sight 一见就..., 初次看见时

  at the sight of 一看见就...

  be in/within sight看得见, 在眼前

  catch [have, gain, get] sight of发现, 看出

  come in[into] sight呈现在眼前

  3. The union representative put across her argument very effectively.

  A. explained B. invented C. considered D. accepted

  A. 考察常见动词短语结构。解题思路:借助搭配结构解题

  put across vt. 解释;表达

  e.g. Im not putting my meaning across very well.

  我未把我的意思解释清楚。

补充:

  put forward: vt. 提出(意见、建议); 推荐;提名;推举

  In 1860, a better plan was put forward by an Englishman, William Low.

  1860年,一个名叫威廉.娄的英国人提出了一项更好的计划。

  put in vi. 打断;插嘴

  e.g. ‘Dont forget us,’ she put in. “别忘了我们,”她插嘴道。

  put off vt. 延期;推迟

  e.g. Dont put off until tomorrow what can be done today.

  今日可做的事不要拖到明天。

  put up with vt. 忍受;忍耐;受苦

  e.g. That woman, as a housewife, has a lot to put up with.

  那个女人是个家庭主妇不得不忍受许多烦恼。

  4. The fuel tanks had a capacity of 140 liters

  A. function B. ability C. power D. volume

  D. 考察常见多义词。解题思路:借助搭配结构解题。

  补充:

  Capable: adj.有才能的, 有能力的; 可容纳的, 有资格的

  e.g. a room capable of 20 people可容纳20人的房间

  e.g. He is capable of judging art.他具有鉴赏艺术的能力。

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 楼主| 发表于 2009-11-25 09:59 | 显示全部楼层

2010年职称英语考试经典词汇总结(2)

  1.A new system of quality control was brought in to overcome the defects in the firm’s products.


  A) invested B) introduced C) installed D) insisted
  答案及解析:B. 解题思路:借助画线短语核心词(bring)的基本含义—“带来/引起”,并借助与画线结构相直接相关的结构含义(质量控制系统被。。)判断B是答案。
  Invest: vt.(常与in连用)投入(资金,精力,时间等)
  e.g. Ive invested a lot of time and effort in this plan. (喻)
  我已在这计划中投入了大量的时间和精力
  insist: vi, vt(常与on, that连用)主张;坚持, 坚持要求(宾语从句跟虚拟语气结构)
  e.g. We insist on / upon self-reliance.
  我们坚持自力更生。
  e.g. We all insist that we not rest until we finish the work.
  大家都坚决要求不完工就不休息
  2.Techniques to harness the energy of the sun are being developed.
  A) convert B) store C) utilize D)receive
  答案及解析: C. 解题思路:被选项是动词时关注所给句子中的空格后续结构,因此关注原句中的宾语:the energy of the sun(太阳能)。被选项中:convert通常用在convert…into…的结构中,而原句中没有这样的结构,所以排除A;而根据句意凭借常识store(储存)和 receive(接收)太阳能不是刚发展的新技术,所以也排除掉。答案为C。补充:
  convert: vt.(常与into连用)转变;变换; 兑换
  e.g. That building has been converted into a school.
  那座楼房改成学校了。
  e.g. I want to convert some Hong Kong dollars into American dollars.
  我想把一些港元换成美元
  3. Hundreds of years ago cloves (丁香)were used to remedy headaches.
  A) disrupt B) diagnose C) evaporate D) cure
  答案及解析: D. 解题思路:备选答案均为动词,关注原句中的宾语headaches(头痛)。解题思路:在习惯搭配上,B和D都可带“疾病类”的词作宾语,但头痛不用diagnose (诊断),却可cure (治疗)头痛,所以答案为D。另外diagnose 的用法是:diagnose… as...,如:The plastic surgeon diagnosed my illness as a rare bone disease./整形外科医生诊断出我的病是一种罕见的骨病。
  4. Experts generally agree that diet has an important bearing on ones health.
  A) result B) factor C) cause D) influence
  答案及解析: D。 解题思路:从习惯搭配的角度解题:只有D才能和介词on搭配使用。
  补充:
  influence n. (常与on连用)影响力;感化力; vt. 影响
  e.g. Many a woman has had an influence upon her husband. 许多妇女对其丈夫有影响。
  Bearing: n. (与on, upon连用)关系
  e.g. What they have done has no bearing on the promotion of sales.
  他们所干的事情与这次促销活动毫无联系
  5. Mary was compelled to take in washing to help support her family.
  A) pleaded B) appealed C) forced D) instructed
  答案及解析: C. 解题思路:借助句意:Mary。。在家里帮别人洗衣服以帮助养家糊口。而C的含义最合适句意。被选项中:
  补充:
  appeal常用appeal to sb./sth.的结构,表示:“呼吁,恳求,吸引,引起兴趣”;to appeal for aid/求助;
  plead是 “恳求,托词,以…作藉口,为…辩护;为…抗辩”,plead the rights of the unemployed /为失业者的权利据理力争;
  instruct教;通常的用法是:instruct sb. in sth. 如:instruct a class in history /教授一个班的历史;(常与to + inf连用)命令,如:instruct sb. to start early /命令某人早动身
  take in: v. 接受, 吸收, 理解, 欺骗
take A for B: v. 把A误以为B
  take ..into account/consideration: v. 重视, 考虑
  take part in..: v. 参与, 参加
  take pride in.. v. 以...为骄傲
  6. They had a far better yield than any other farm miles around this year.
  A) goods B) soil
  C) climate D) harvest
  答案及解析: D。在该句中yield 是用作名词(因为该词的前面有不定冠词a),解题思路:抓住句子中与划线部分相关的结构或用词特点。能与不定冠词a搭配使用的被选项只有C和D(气候,倾向, 风气,如:a mild climate温和的气候)。再借助句子中其他特征词:farm,判断harvest“收成”是答案。
  Yield: vt, vi出产, (常与to连用)放弃;投降;让步 n. 产量;收成
  e.g. That tree yields fruits. 这种树结果。
  e.g. The army yielded when it was attacked.
  当这支军队受到进攻时投降了
  7. If a country wants to develop its economy successfully, there has to be a clear appraisal of its social needs.
  A)aptitude B) assurance C) insurance D)assessment
  答案及解析: D. 解题思路:搭配结构。
  Appraisal n. 评价, 估价
  Aptitude: n. 能力;才能;天资
  assurance n 自信;把握 (= self-assurance) , 保险
  e.g. life assurance 人寿保险
  Assessment n.评估,看法
  e.g. What is your assessment of the situation?
  你对时局的看法如何
  8. To a first-year student, the doctoral degree is a distant expectation.
  A. aspect B. respect C. prospect D. spectacle
  答案及解析:C.解题思路:句意。
  Aspect n 模样;面貌, 方面
  e.g. only one aspect of the problem
  只是问题的一个方面
  prospect n希望;期望
  e.g. Theres not much prospect of Mr Smiths being elected as Congressman.
  史密斯先生被选为议员的希望不大。
  Spectacle n.观览物, 展览物, 奇观, 景象
  9.During the past ten years there have been dramatic changes in the international situation.
  A) p ermanent B) powerful
  C) striking D) practical
  答案及解析: C. 解题思路:根据画线词的家族词(drama)的本义和与画线词搭配的结构的含义(变化),判断C是答案。
  Striking: adj. 引人注意的;显著的
  Dramatic: adj. 戏剧的;有关戏剧的; 引人注目的
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-11-25 10:01 | 显示全部楼层

2010年职称英语考试经典词汇总结(3)

1. He abandoned his wife and went away with all their money.

  A)left B)dismissed C)deserted D)advised
  C。考点:考察搭配相近结构含义的辨析。
  leave sb./离开某人
  dismiss/fire sb./解雇某人;让某人走开
  desert sb./遗弃某人
  advise sb. to do sth./建议某人做..
  2.Investing in nothing but books over the years when he was at school, he has accumulated a library.
  A)gathered B)accused C)purchased D)collapsed
  A. 解析:利用搭配特点解题(排除B)。
  accuse sb. of sth.
  collapse vi. 倒塌,失败,病倒
  3. His illness diminished his strength.
  A) lessened B) increased C) finished D) recovered
  A。 解析:利用句意:“疾病。。力气”,判断划线词大概是“降低,减少”这样的含义。根据构词法:(-en是“使变得更。。”)判断A的含义是“使减少”,所以是答案。
  -en: to make become more../ 使变得更..
  shorten/ lengthen/enlarge
  recover: 恢复;收回;取回
  e.g. I recovered the money I had lost. 我找回了丢失的钱。
  comp: uncover(vt.揭开, 揭露)/ discover(vt.发现, 发觉)
  diminish/reduce/ lessen/decease
  4. Fruits such as applies and oranges are very beneficial, and may be eaten at any time.
A) normal B) healthy C) appropriate D) proper
  B。考点:考察派生词。解析:可以利用构词法:(beneficial --benefit)猜测画线词的大意。利用句意:“象苹果和橘子这样的水果是很..,可以任何时候吃的。” ,从而推出该画线词是褒义词。而四个备选答案都属常见词汇,其中appropriate和 proper 是近义词,都是“合适的”,因此相互排除。normal 是“正常的”,healthy是“健康的”,所以依照句义healthy(有益于健康的)是答案。
  5. This pool is specially equipped for handicapped swimmers.
  A) unable B) disabled C) confined D) troubled
  B。分析:借助被选项的特点:A与B在“形”上有关系,重点注意。根据习惯用法:
  Unable – able: be able(unable) to do sth.判断A不合适。
  dis “不”,如:dissimilar/不相似的;“缺乏”,如:disinterest/不感兴趣的;disabled是“被剥夺了能力的”; “反对”,如:“disagree”;
  confine: v. 限制, 禁闭
  synonyms: restrict
职称英语培训
  e.g. The wild animals are confined in small cages in the zoo.野生动物关在动物园的小笼子里。
  6. It is hard for the young people to imagine what severe conditions their parents once lived under.
  A) sincere B) hard C) strict D) tight
  B。分析:借助句意:“年轻人很难想象他们的父辈们曾生活在怎样。。的环境下。” 备选答案都是常见词汇,其中hard是“艰苦的”,而 sincere是“诚挚的”, strict是“严格的”,tight 是“紧的”。所以从语义搭配上看,答案是hard。
  severe: adj.严厉的, 严格的, 剧烈的, 严重的, 严峻的
  synonyms: harsh, rough, hard, strict
  7. He has a habit of scanning the morning papers while eating breakfast.
  A) looked up B) looked down C) looked into D) looked over
  D/C. 分析:借助短语构成成分基本含义解题。
  look up v.向上看, 尊敬, 仰望, 查寻
  look down v.俯视
  look into v. 向...的里面看, 窥视; 浏览
  look over 翻阅,浏览 (over adv.结束, 越过, 从头到尾)
  look back v.回顾, 倒退
  go over v.(渡过...)转变, (对...进行)仔细检查, 复习
come over v.过来
  8. A mother will sacrifice her life for her children.
  A) devote B) satisfy C) attend D) contribute
  A. 分析:根据词语的习惯搭配使用特点解题:
  devote one’s life/ time/energy/oneself to..
  satisfy purposes/needs/requirements/ be satisfied with
  attend a meeting/a class/ sb.
  contribute books/ money/ clothes to..
  9. Coal of all kinds originated from the decay of plants.
  A) arose B) suffered C) heard D) died
  A. 考点:考察结构相近的短语的辨别。
  arise from v.起于
  hear from v.接到...的信
  suffer from v.忍受, 遭受
  die from v. (病以外)因某事而死
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 楼主| 发表于 2009-11-25 10:03 | 显示全部楼层
2010年职称英语考试经典词汇总结(4)
  1. He received penalty for drunk driving.
  A. pension B. fine
  C. complaint D. compensation
  B.线索:借助题干中核心结构的词义色彩缩小答案范围。drunk driving是贬义词,因此排除A和D。借助常见搭配:complain( make a complaint) of/about../抱怨..,排除C,所以答案是B(罚款)
  考点:考察常见词(fine)的其他用法。
  Receive: v. 受到,经历, 遭受, 欢迎/接待
  receive good treatment受到好的对待
  receive guests欢迎客人
  retirement pension退休金
  social security-type pensions社会保险[障]型养老金
  unemployment pension失业救济金
  2. Traditional Chinese medicine is famous for using herbs(香草) with healing properties
  A. possessions B. components
  C. attributes D. purposes
  C. 线索:借助搭配结构含义判断答案(“有治疗(特性)的香草”最合适。)
  possession n.有, 所有, 拥有; [pl. ]所有物; 财产, 财富; 所有权
  personal possessions 个人财产
  3. I am sorry I can’t grasp the meaning of the book you asked me to read yesterday.
  A. understand B. take
  C. accept D. agree
  A.分析:考察常见词的用法。
  4. Many fine cooks insist on ingredients (成分)of the highest quality.
  A. demand B. rely on
  C. prepare for D. create
  A. 分析:考察常见短语。
  Insist on: v. 坚决认为, 坚决要求(on, upon)
  insist on sb.'s innocence坚持认为某人无罪
  I insisted on his coming with us.我坚持要求他和我们一起来
  Stick to: v. 坚持(原则或决定)
  stick to basic principles.基本原则
  rely on v.依赖, 依靠
  prepare for v.准备, 使有准备
  比较:survive v.幸免于, 幸存, 生还
  e.g. plants that can survive frosts.历经寒霜而存活的植物
  provide: provide sth. for../provide sb. with sth.
  supply: supply sth. for../supply sb. with sth.
  supply/meet/satisfy needs
  inform sb. of ..
  demand: demand sth.
  ask: ask for sth./ask sb. to do sth. /ask sb. sth. (询问某人…)
  5. There is an abundant (B)supply of cheap labor in this country.
  A. A steady B. a plentiful
  C. an extra D. a minor (B)
  B. 分析:被选项特点特点—B和D是反义项,因此值得重点注意。Abundant的含义与 plentiful接近,都是“大量的”。
  Minor:在数量、规模或尺寸上较少或较小的,在重要性、级别或程度上较低的:
  a minor injury轻伤
  major :adj.主要的(在重要性或地位方面超过其他人的),大的数目、尺寸或程度上很大的,严重的
  a major artist主要的艺术家
  a major improvement卓越的进步
  the major portion of the population大部分的人口
  a major illness重病
  6. Her novel depicts (A)a futuristic America.
  A. writes B. sketches (B)
  C. describes D. indicates
  C. 分析:借助搭配结构“her novel..”判断C((小说)描述..)是答案。
  sketch v.画略图;写提纲
  indicate vt.指出, 显示, 象征, 预示
  7. It took me an hour to skim (A)the book.
  A. glimpse at (B) B. look at
  C. stare at D. grumble (A)at
  A. 分析:前三个被选项都与“看”有关系,重点注意。Skim是“浏览,略读” 和glimpse “glimpse v.瞥见,略读/看”是近似词。
  Grumble vi. 发怨言;叽叽咕咕地表示不满(at, about, over); vt.抱怨(out)
  He grumbled at/about/over the low pay offered to him.
  他抱怨给他的工资低。
  grumble one's complaint发牢骚
  8. They are endeavoring to change society as a whole.
  A. trying B. everlasting
  C. doing D. making
  A. 分析:根据搭配结构特点“..+ to do..”判断A是答案。
  Everlasting adj.永恒的, 持久的
  Evergreen; now-fertile; never-happening;
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发表于 2010-1-3 15:35 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享!
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发表于 2010-1-6 14:13 | 显示全部楼层
多谢多谢!!
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感谢楼主,想楼主学习
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非常感谢!
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社区建设奖乐于分享

发表于 2010-1-15 11:29 | 显示全部楼层
找的资料是不是太多了,好像看不过来了
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发表于 2010-1-17 17:25 | 显示全部楼层
难得的好资料,有用,谢谢楼主!多谢分享,辛苦了!!
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