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VOA常速讲解附字幕:奥巴马与各州长商讨经济,医保和教育问题

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发表于 2010-2-28 15:13 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Obama Confers with US Governors on Economy, Health Care and Education
U.S. President Barack Obama is turning to the nation's governors for help in meeting his domestic priorities.  State leaders came to the White House for closed-door discussions on the economy, health care and education.

The private meeting began with a few public remarks by the president, in which he focused on issues of vital interest to the governors.  He said they are working together to rebuild the economy, after a series of emergency measures to end the recession and help key industries survive.

Mr. Obama said he understands the toll the recession took on state governments that found themselves with less tax revenue and a rising need for services.

"Overall, the economy is in a better place than it was a year ago," he said. "We were contracting by six percent.  We are now growing by six percent.  But I know that your states are still in a very tough situation and too many Americans still have not felt the recovery in their own lives."

The president spoke about ongoing efforts to create jobs.  He also talked about actions to put America on a stronger economic footing in the future, by improving education standards across the country.

He said America's "primacy in the world" is at stake.

"I do not accept a United States of America that is second place," he said.  "That means that all of us have to work together to make sure that we are taking seriously the investments we make in our children's future."

States and local governments provide most of the funding for the nation's schools.  

Mr. Obama offered help.  He said he wants to change existing law so the federal government can give states aid for poor students.   But he said the money would come with strings attached.

"We will ask all states to put in place a plan to adopt and certify standards that are college and career-ready in reading and math," he said.   

The president said he wants a dialogue with states on education reform.  He said he also wants to hear ideas from the governors on improving the nation's health-care system to improve access and affordability.

Just moments before he opened the meeting with the governors, the White House released a new set of proposals for health-care reform.

With reform efforts effectively stalled in the Senate, Mr. Obama has invited Congressional leaders from both major political parties to a meeting Thursday to try to get the process moving again.  

Republican lawmakers appear skeptical, but Republican governors say they are sharing ideas with their Democratic counterparts on the state level.

"We hope as this debate goes forward we will have a chance to meet with you and your administration and the Congressional ideas that work that states can implement, so we can all work together," said Republican Jim Douglas of Vermont, Chairman of the National Governors Association.  

Douglas said governors are approaching the issue in a bipartisan way.  He said they all want to improve the health and well-being of their constituents.
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 楼主| 发表于 2010-2-28 15:14 | 显示全部楼层
美国总统奥巴马向各州州长求助,希望达成国内首要目标。各州领导人前往白宫参加闭门会议,讨论经济,医疗和教育问题。
该秘密会议以总统的几次公开讲话开始。在讲话中,奥巴马集中在与各州州长的利益休戚相关的事项。他说,他们采取了一系列紧急措施终止经济衰退,帮助主要行业复苏,现在他们正在团结一致重建经济。
奥巴马表示,他了解经济衰退给各州政府带来的损失,税收减少,而服务需求增加。
“总体来说,经济状况比一年之前有所好转。”他说。“一年前,我们的经济缩减了6%,而现在,我们正以6%的速度增长。但是我知道,各州的境况仍然非常艰难。许多美国人生活中仍然没有感觉到复苏的迹象。”
奥巴马总统讲到坚持不懈创造就业岗位的努力。他还提到,要通过提高全国各地的教育标准使美国人在将来处于更有利的经济地位。
他说,美国世界第一的地位已经岌岌可危。
“我不能接受美国屈居第二位。这意味着我们所有人必须团结起来,确保我们为子孙后代的未来认真投资。”
各州和当地政府为全国的学校提供了大部分资金。
奥巴马总统提供了帮助。他说,希望更改现存的法律,允许联邦政府为各州提供贫困学生救济金。但是他说,这笔资金将带有附加条件。
“我们将要求所有州政府出台计划,制定标准,确保学生在阅读和数学方面为就读大学和就业做好准备。”
奥巴马表示,他希望就教育改革与各州进行对话。他说,他还希望就改善医疗体系的可获得性和支付能力听取州长的意见。
就在总统与州长的会议开始之前,白宫发布了关于医疗改革的一套新提议。
由于医改在参议院收到阻滞,奥巴马邀请来自两大主要党派的国会领袖在周四召开会议,试图再次推动医疗改革。
共和党立法者似乎持怀疑态度,而共和党州长则表示,在州级水平上,他们与民主党州长意见一致。
佛蒙特州州长共和党员,全国州长联合会主席Jim Douglas 表示,“我们希望,在争论进行的时候,我们能够有机会与你们的管理部门进行会谈,出台各州能够实施的国会意见,所以我们将一起努力。”
Douglas说,各州已经以各州共同支持的方式看待这个问题。他说,他们都希望能够改善公民的医疗和福祉。
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 楼主| 发表于 2010-2-28 15:14 | 显示全部楼层
1.toll n.损失,伤亡;收费,过桥费,通行费;钟声,丧钟;代价,牺牲,伤亡人数
例句:Years of worry have taken their toll on him.
      长年累月的忧虑使他面容憔悴。
2.contract v.收缩;使缩短,感染,订约,承包,缔结
例句:Metal contracts as it becomes cool.
      金属冷却时体积缩小。
3.ongoing adj.继续进行的;不断前进〔发展〕中的
例句:The issues raised in the report relate directly to Age Concern’s ongoing work in this area.
      报告中提出的问题与“关心老人”组织在这方面正在做的工作有直接的关系。
4.primacy n.
1.首位, 首要
2.大主教的职位

5.certify vt.(尤指书面)证明, 证实
例句:The bank certified my accounts.
      银行核实了我的账目。
6.affordability n.负担能力
7.stall vt.关入厩,停顿,推托,支吾
例句:Try to stall off one's creditors
      试图用托词把债主们搪塞开。
8.skeptical adj.
1.怀疑性的,好怀疑的,〈口〉无神论的
2.怀疑论的,不可知论的 ;怀疑宗教教条的

例句:she is unassumingly skeptical of her own work.
      她对自己的工作抱着谦逊的怀疑。
9.implement vt.实现,完成,履行(协定,承诺); 执行,履行;贯彻,落实;使生效
例句:The group's idea will be implemented immediately.
      这个小组的建议将很快得到实施。
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 楼主| 发表于 2010-2-28 15:15 | 显示全部楼层
1.U.S. President Barack Obama is turning to the nation's governors for help in meeting his domestic priorities.
turn to求助于
例句:He turned to me for help.
      他向我求助。
      He was turned to for advice by all sorts of people.
      各种各样的人都向他求教。
2.The private meeting began with a few public remarks by the president, in which he focused on issues of vital interest to the governors. be of vital interest.
be of 后可接value,  importance,  use,  help,  significance, interest, benefit 等一些抽象名词,这样的结构用来说明句子主语所具有的作用、重要性或意义。  在这类抽象名词前我们可用一些形容词,如: great, little, some, any, no, not much等来修饰抽象名词,用以说明程度。如:
They are of great help to learners of English.
他们对英语学习者有很大帮助。
The book will be of great value to students of history.
这本书对学历史的学生将很有用。
The meeting is of great importance.
这个会议很重要。
This medicine is of no use.  
这种药无效。
This matter is of no significance.
这件事无关紧要。
3.He said America's "primacy in the world" is at stake.
at stake在危急关头,危若累卵
例句:His reputation was at stake.
      他面临身败名裂的危险。
4.But he said the money would come with strings attached.
with strings attached附有条件
例句:It's a straight deal with no strings attached.
      那是一笔没有附带条件的直接现金交易。
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