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2010年3月公共英语四级考前每日一练(16)

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发表于 2010-3-11 10:05 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A , B ,C or D . Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET1.
  Text 1
  Some people ought to defend the workaholic.
  These people are unjustly accused, abused, and defamed -- often termed sick or morbid or on the border of pathology. About 30% of American business and commerce is carried on the shoulders of workaholics. The ratio might exist in art and science too.
  Workaholics are the achievers, the excelers. There is a national conspiracy against excellence and. undue admiration of commonness and mediocrity. It is as if we are against those who make uncommon sacrifices because they enjoy doing something.
  Some famous psychologists say that the workaholic has an inferiority complex which leads to overcompensation. This is certainly not the case. Inferiority, or low esteem, describes laziness more accurately than it describes dedication.
  We do not seem to realize that very little excellence is achieved by living a well-balanced life.Edison, Ford, Einstein, Freud all had single-minded devotion to work whereby they sacrificed many things, including family and friendship. The accusation is made that workaholics bear guilt by not being good parents or spouses. But guilt can exist in the balanced life also. Think how many "normal" people and middle-ages who have never done anything well -- they are going to settle for less than what they could have become.
  41. From this passage we know that workaholic is a term referring to those
  A.who enjoy work more than anything else.
  B.who make greater contributions than others.
  C.who make uncommon sacrifice in their personal life.
  D.All of the above.
  42. The author' s main concern in this .passage is to
  A.point out the role the workaholic plays in the American economy.
  B.defend people who are addicted to work.
  C.encourage us not to worry about our imperfection.
  D.consider the difficulties that confront us at middle-age.
  43. The author of the passage would most likely agree that the workaholic
  A.is mentally ill.
  B.performs an insignificant proportion of American business.
  C.will not have the regrets that many "normal" people face at middle-age.
  D.suffers from low self-esteem.
  44. According to this passage,
  A.Freud led a well-balanced life.
  B.workaholics can be helped.
  C.workaholics should be admired.
  D.so-called "normal" people are truly the sick people among us.
  45. According to the author, one can hardly achieve excellence unless one
  A.lives an abnormal life.
  B.sacrifices friendship and family.
  C.has total devotion to work.
  D.ignores popular opinions.
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 楼主| 发表于 2010-3-11 10:06 | 显示全部楼层
  参考译文
  应该有人为工作狂辩护。
  这群人受到不公正的指责、诋毁和中伤——经常被说成是有病、不正常或处于病态的边缘。大约30%的美国商业和贸易都靠工作狂们来完成。在艺术和科技领域比例可能也是如此。
  工作狂是事业有成者,是优胜者。全国上下都不谋而合地反对优秀,赞赏平庸。我们反对那些做出了不同寻常的牺牲的人们,似乎是因为他们能从工作中得到享受。
  一些著名的心理学家说工作狂有一种自卑情结,这导致他们过分补偿的行为。事实显然并非如此。自卑,或缺乏自信,可以更准确地描述懒惰而非敬业。
  我们似乎尚未认识到过各方面兼顾的生活很难取得杰出的成就。爱迪生、福特、爱因斯坦和弗洛伊德都是一心一意地投入到工作中,为此他们牺牲了很多东西,包括家庭和友谊。有人指责工作狂说他们应为没有做好的父母或配偶而感到内疚。但是过着各方面兼顾的生活的人也会有内疚。想想有多少“正常”人和中年人什么事也没有做好——他们不能取得本应取得的成就而只能勉强接受这一现实。
  答案及解析
 
  41.A【解析】工作狂指那种热爱工作胜过其他一切的人。选项B和选项C也是工作狂的一种表现,但不是所有的工作狂都贡献比别人大,在日常生活中做出的牺牲比别人多,这些只是那些名人的表现。
  42.B【解析】作者在文章中的本意是什么?是为那些献身工作的人辩护。从文章第一句可知:Some people ought to defend the workable。
  43.C【解析】本文作者最可能同意以下哪种说法:选项A:工作狂是神经病。显然不对。选项B:工作狂对美国的商界无足轻重。文章说美国30%的商贸活动都是由他们来实现的。选项C:通常没有正常人在中年时有的那些遗憾。正确,因为他们对工作已经完全付出了,并且取得了成就。选项D:工作狂缺乏自信。文章第四段第二句:This is certainly not the case。
  44.C【解析】根据本文判断下列哪个对:选项A:弗洛伊德生活得很规律。错误,文章说爱迪生、福特、爱因斯坦、弗活伊德都是一心一意地投入工作,牺牲了许多东西,包括家庭和友谊。选项B:工作狂能够得到医治。错误,文章根本没有说他们像通常人认为的那样有毛病需要医治,而是在为他们正名。选项C:工作狂应该受到尊敬。正确,这是作者的意图。选项D:所谓的正常人其实是我们身边的病人。错误,作者只是认为我们周围这些正常人并没有做太多的事,付出多少努力。
  45.c【解析】根据作者意图,一个人要想取得成绩必须全心全意投入工作,这也就是为什么作者赞美工作狂并为其辩解的原因。
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