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[Italian词汇] 意大利语职位名称

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发表于 2010-3-31 11:13 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

You probably know that for every professore there is a professoressa, and for every studente there is a studentessa. But how about other nouns of profession, status, or relation that have a male and a female version?

Most masculine nouns ending in -tore become feminine by changing -tore to -trice (see table below).

GENDERED NOUNS: FROM -TORE TO -TRICE

MASCULINE

FEMININE

ENGLISH

attore

attrice

actor

autore

autrice

author

direttore

direttrice

director

imperatore

imperatrice

emperor/empress

lavoratore

lavoratrice

worker

pittore

pittrice

painter

scrittore

scrittrice

writer

stiratore

stiratrice

presser

traditore

traditrice

traitor

traduttore

traduttrice

translator

Some masculine nouns become feminine by changing their final vowel to -a (see table below).

GENDERED NOUNS THAT GAIN AN -A IN THE FEMININE

MASCULINE

FEMININE

ENGLISH

cameriere

cameriera

waiter/waitress

cassiere

cassiera

bank teller

figlio

figlia

son/daughter

giardiniere

giardiniera

gardener

infermiere

infermiera

nurse

marchese

marchesa

marquis/marchioness

padrone

padrona

boss, owner

portiere

portiera

doorman/doorwoman

sarto

sarta

tailor/dressmaker

signore

signora

Mr./Mrs.

Take note that there are certain names of professions that end in -a regardless of whether the term refers to a male or a female. In such case, the gender distinction is made by the definite article: il giornalista/la giornalista, il dentista/la dentista. The plurals of these professions follow the same general rule as with any other noun: Plural masculine nouns end in -i (i giornalisti, i dentisi), plural feminine nouns end in -e (le giornaliste, le dentiste).

Finally, certain masculine nouns become feminine by replacing their final vowel with -essa (see the following table).

GENDERED NOUNS THAT GAIN AN -ESSA IN THE FEMININE

MASCULINE

FEMININE

ENGLISH

avvocato

avvocatessa

lawyer

campione

campionessa

champion

conte

contessa

count/countess

dottore

dottoressa

doctor

oste

ostessa

host/hostess

poeta

poetessa

poet

principe

principessa

prince/princess

profeta

profetessa

prophet

sacerdote

sacerdotessa

high priest/priestess

studente

studentessa

student

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